How to format your references using the Japanese Journal of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japanese Journal of Radiology (Jpn J Radiol). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Forde A. The class of 2005: Germany. Tracking pollutants. Science. 2005;310:521.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang D, Su G. New strategy to promote conversion efficiency using high-index nanostructures in thin-film solar cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7165.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Anderson B, Cole WW, Barrett SCH. Botany: specialized bird perch aids cross-pollination. Nature. 2005;435:41–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kim D-H, Ahn J-H, Choi WM, Kim H-S, Kim T-H, Song J, et al. Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits. Science. 2008;320:507–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Böhm M. Symmetrien in Festkörpern. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Nóbrega C, Rodriguez-López R, editors. Molecular Mechanisms Underpinning the Development of Obesity. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kazar BM, Celik M. Comparing Exact and Approximate SAR Model Solutions. In: Celik M, editor. Spatial AutoRegression (SAR) Model: Parameter Estimation Techniques. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. p. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japanese Journal of Radiology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Create 3D, High-Capacity Soft Batteries Using Trees [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Progress Being Made, but Long-term Attention Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 May. Report No.: T-RCED-98-190.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Leonard JM. The Effect of Manufacturing Establishments on Local Area per Capita Personal Income in the U.S. 1967-1990 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McKINLEY JC Jr. For Manhattan Fare-Beaters, a One-Way Ticket to Court May Be Gone Soon. New York Times. 2017 Jun 30;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapanese Journal of Radiology
AbbreviationJpn. J. Radiol.
ISSN (print)1867-1071
ISSN (online)1867-108X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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