How to format your references using the Japanese Journal of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japanese Journal of Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hellemans A. Antihydrogen: through the looking glass. Nature. 2000;406:556–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Youle RJ, van der Bliek AM. Mitochondrial fission, fusion, and stress. Science. 2012;337:1062–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gilestro GF, Tononi G, Cirelli C. Widespread changes in synaptic markers as a function of sleep and wakefulness in Drosophila. Science. 2009;324:109–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sakuta H, Suzuki R, Takahashi H, Kato A, Shintani T, Iemura Si, et al. Ventroptin: a BMP-4 antagonist expressed in a double-gradient pattern in the retina. Science. 2001;293:111–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smith IM, Griffiths DV, Margetts L. Programming the Finite Element Method. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Gunopulos D, Hofmann T, Malerba D, Vazirgiannis M, editors. Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2011, Athens, Greece, September 5-9, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Caserio C, Panaro D, Trucco S. Management Discussion and Analysis in the US Financial Companies: A Data Mining Analysis. In: Mancini D, Dameri RP, Bonollo E, editors. Strengthening Information and Control Systems: The Synergy Between Information Technology and Accounting Models. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japanese Journal of Radiology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Patients With Female Doctors Are Less Likely To Die Or Be Readmitted [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/patients-with-female-doctors-are-less-likely-to-die-or-be-readmitted/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Land Management Systems: Progress and Risks in Developing BLM’s Land and Mineral Record System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Aug. Report No.: AIMD-95-180.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Doyle JJ. Under the influence: High risk social networks and recidivism [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. (nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Abkhazia: Air Strikes On Rebels. New York Times. 2001 Oct 16;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapanese Journal of Radiology
AbbreviationJpn. J. Radiol.
ISSN (print)1867-1071
ISSN (online)1867-108X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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