How to format your references using the Japanese Journal of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japanese Journal of Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kaiser J. What does a disease deserve? Science. 2015;350:900–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pryke SR, Griffith SC. Genetic incompatibility drives sex allocation and maternal investment in a polymorphic finch. Science. 2009;323:1605–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Renault L, Guibert B, Cherfils J. Structural snapshots of the mechanism and inhibition of a guanine nucleotide exchange factor. Nature. 2003;426:525–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pascal JM, O’Brien PJ, Tomkinson AE, Ellenberger T. Human DNA ligase I completely encircles and partially unwinds nicked DNA. Nature. 2004;432:473–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Orchin M, Macomber RS, Pinhas AR, Wilson RM. The Vocabulary and Concepts of Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Hãkansson A, Hartung R, Nguyen NT, editors. Agent and Multi-agent Technology for Internet and Enterprise Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kuusisto F, Costa VS, Nassif H, Burnside E, Page D, Shavlik J. Support Vector Machines for Differential Prediction. In: Calders T, Esposito F, Hüllermeier E, Meo R, editors. Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2014, Nancy, France, September 15-19, 2014 Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japanese Journal of Radiology.

Blog post
1. Evans K. Depicting Film Baddies With Skin Conditions Is Damaging To Real Sufferers, Say Dermatologists. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Status of Research on the Safety of Cellular Telephones. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Nov. Report No.: RCED-95-32.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yasa SR. Visual Basic Simulation of H2S Removal from Natural Gas at Downhole in an Extraction Well [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Lehman S. Open Records Close the Case. New York Times. 2017 Mar 9;A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapanese Journal of Radiology
AbbreviationJpn. J. Radiol.
ISSN (print)1867-1071
ISSN (online)1867-108X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles