How to format your references using the Japanese Journal of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japanese Journal of Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Davis BG. Biochemistry. Mimicking posttranslational modifications of proteins. Science. 2004;303:480–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bowles S, Posel D. Genetic relatedness predicts South African migrant workers’ remittances to their families. Nature. 2005;434:380–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ogata S, Li J, Yip S. Ideal pure shear strength of aluminum and copper. Science. 2002;298:807–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bidoia C, Misgeld T, Weinzierl E, Buffelli M, Feng G, Cangiano A, et al. Comment on “Reelin promotes peripheral synapse elimination and maturation.” Science. 2004;303:1977; author reply 1977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bishop CA. Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Amid A, editor. Recombinant Enzymes - From Basic Science to Commercialization. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Sobolev SL. On a New Method of Solving Problems about Propagation of Vibrations. In: Demidenko GV, Vaskevich VL, editors. Selected Works of SL Sobolev: Volume I: Mathematical Physics, Computational Mathematics, and Cubature Formulas. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 169–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japanese Journal of Radiology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Men’s Magazine Prints Editions Using HIV-Infected Blood To Tackle Stigma. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Follow-Up on Contracting Issues at Denver International Airport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Mar. Report No.: RCED-96-95R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chan JA. An in-home visitation program for Meals-on-Wheels recipients: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Maslin J. Prosecuting For-Profit Law Schools. New York Times. 2017 Oct 25;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapanese Journal of Radiology
AbbreviationJpn. J. Radiol.
ISSN (print)1867-1071
ISSN (online)1867-108X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles