How to format your references using the Japanese Journal of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Japanese Journal of Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mellars P. Palaeoanthropology: the earliest modern humans in Europe. Nature. 2011;479:483–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Thompson DW, Wallace JM. Regional climate impacts of the Northern Hemisphere annular mode. Science. 2001;293:85–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cook RL, Martin PJ, Geremia JM. Optical coherent state discrimination using a closed-loop quantum measurement. Nature. 2007;446:774–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Santelli CM, Orcutt BN, Banning E, Bach W, Moyer CL, Sogin ML, et al. Abundance and diversity of microbial life in ocean crust. Nature. 2008;453:653–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Matthews GA. Pesticides. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Leardini C. Board Governance in Bank Foundations: The Italian Experience. Rossi G, Moggi S, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Magdaong ET, Yamano H, Fujii M. Development of a Large-Scale, Long-Term Coral Cover and Disturbance Database in the Philippines. In: Nakano S-I, Yahara T, Nakashizuka T, editors. Integrative Observations and Assessments. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2014. p. 83–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Japanese Journal of Radiology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti C. This Parasite Infested Snail Looks Like Something From A Horror Movie [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/this-parasite-infested-snail-looks-like-something-from-a-horror-movie/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Award of Grant by the San Francisco Operations Office of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration for the Energy Awareness Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Oct. Report No.: EMD-78-14.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nasrollahzadeh Y. Support group for caregivers of older adults affected by dementia: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Barker K, Taylor K. Teacher Known as Cool Friend, Until His Arrest. New York Times. 2014 Oct 2;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJapanese Journal of Radiology
AbbreviationJpn. J. Radiol.
ISSN (print)1867-1071
ISSN (online)1867-108X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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