How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Migration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Migration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig R. IRANIAN SCIENCE: Iranian Women Hear the Call of Science. Science. 2000 Nov 24;290(5496):1485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlton JG, Martin-Serrano J. Parallels between cytokinesis and retroviral budding: a role for the ESCRT machinery. Science. 2007 Jun 29;316(5833):1908–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yartsev MM, Witter MP, Ulanovsky N. Grid cells without theta oscillations in the entorhinal cortex of bats. Nature. 2011 Nov 2;479(7371):103–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Iverson NR, Cohen D, Hooyer TS, Fischer UH, Jackson M, Moore PL, et al. Effects of basal debris on glacier flow. Science. 2003 Jul 4;301(5629):81–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase CW Jr. Demand-Driven Forecasting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Ablin RJ, Mason MD, editors. Metastasis of Prostate Cancer. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Thaman KH. Partnerships for Progressing Cultural Democracy in Teacher Education in Pacific Island Countries. In: Townsend T, Bates R, editors. Handbook of Teacher Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 53–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Migration.

Blog post
Andrew E. Amazing Footage Of Volcanic Eruption Shot From A Drone [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Fiscal Year 2014 Agreed-Upon Procedures: Excise Tax Distributions to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund and the Highway Trust Fund. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Nov. Report No.: GAO-15-152R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bodenmiller JJ. A quantitative relational analysis of leadership style and leader-accountability in nonprofit organizations [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy J, Schwartz J. U.S. Suspends Pipeline Work in Tribes’ Path. New York Times. 2016 Sep 9;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Carlton and Martin-Serrano 2007; Koenig 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlton and Martin-Serrano 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Iverson et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Migration
ISSN (online)2193-9039

Other styles