How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Migration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Migration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheke RA. Ecology. Thinking long term. Science. 2007 Oct 26;318(5850):577–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abramson J, Vartanian AS. Biochemistry. Watch water flow. Science. 2013 Jun 14;340(6138):1294–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soroceanu L, Akhavan A, Cobbs CS. Platelet-derived growth factor-alpha receptor activation is required for human cytomegalovirus infection. Nature. 2008 Sep 18;455(7211):391–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Martinez Molina D, Wetterholm A, Kohl A, McCarthy AA, Niegowski D, Ohlson E, et al. Structural basis for synthesis of inflammatory mediators by human leukotriene C4 synthase. Nature. 2007 Aug 2;448(7153):613–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guochao Q, Shuyu T, Min Z, Chun J. The Environment and Landscape in Motorway Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Ceelen WP, editor. Peritoneal Carcinomatosis: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Bah CSF, Fang EF, Ng TB. Medicinal Applications of Plant Lectins. In: Fang EF, Ng TB, editors. Antitumor Potential and other Emerging Medicinal Properties of Natural Compounds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 55–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Migration.

Blog post
Luntz S. Insect Bites Reveal Recovery From Dinosaur Extinction [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. World Wide Web Sites: Reported by 42 Federal Organizations (Supplement to Internet and Electronic Dial-Up Bulletin Board System Activities: Information Reported by Federal Organizations). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Jun. Report No.: GGD-97-86S.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whited JE. An Investigation of Struggling Learners’ Motivation to Read [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Business Briefing | Europe: Russia: Genetics Rule Considered. New York Times. 2002 Jul 4;W1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cheke 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Abramson and Vartanian 2013; Cheke 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abramson and Vartanian 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Martinez Molina et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Migration
ISSN (online)2193-9039

Other styles