How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Migration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Migration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harmer MP. Materials science. The phase behavior of interfaces. Science. 2011 Apr 8;332(6026):182–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemmer P, Wrachtrup J. Physics. Where is my quantum computer? Science. 2009 Apr 24;324(5926):473–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melcák I, Hoelz A, Blobel G. Structure of Nup58/45 suggests flexible nuclear pore diameter by intermolecular sliding. Science. 2007 Mar 23;315(5819):1729–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wilson SI, Rydström A, Trimborn T, Willert K, Nusse R, Jessell TM, et al. The status of Wnt signalling regulates neural and epidermal fates in the chick embryo. Nature. 2001 May 17;411(6835):325–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler H. Food Industry Innovation School, The. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Wang PP, Ruan D, Kerre EE, editors. Fuzzy Logic: A Spectrum of Theoretical & Practical Issues. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Chou C-J, Conley C. Engaging Experience: A New Perspective of User Experience with Physical Products. In: Kurosu M, editor. Human Centered Design: First International Conference, HCD 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Migration.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Horrifying Reason That Your Eyes Go Red In The Pool [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cdc-reveals-your-eyes-dont-itch-after-swimming-because-chlorine-its-pee-pol/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Homeland Security: Improvements in Managing Research and Development Could Help Reduce Inefficiencies and Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Mar. Report No.: GAO-11-464T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela MA. Pitties for the Kiddies: An Animal-Assisted Therapy Program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. A Slice of Virtue. New York Times. 2011 Jan 2;NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harmer 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Harmer 2011; Hemmer and Wrachtrup 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hemmer and Wrachtrup 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilson et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Migration
ISSN (online)2193-9039
Scope

Other styles