How to format your references using the Transplantation Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transplantation Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonesteel N. Composite fermions pair up. Nature 2000;406:840–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cane MA, Evans M. CLIMATE VARIABILITY: Enhanced: Do the Tropics Rule? Science 2000;290:1107–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Randau L, Schröder I, Söll D. Life without RNase P. Nature 2008;453:120–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rein M, Favrod VD, Hou C, Khudiyev T, Stolyarov A, Cox J, et al. Diode fibres for fabric-based optical communications. Nature 2018;560:214–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willatzen M, Lew Yan Voon LC. Separable Boundary-Value Problems in Physics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
Osipov A. Prolate Spheroidal Wave Functions of Order Zero: Mathematical Tools for Bandlimited Approximation. vol. 187. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Najnudel J, Nikeghbali A. A Remarkable σ-finite Measure Associated with Last Passage Times and Penalisation Problems. In: Chiarella C, Novikov A, editors. Contemporary Quantitative Finance: Essays in Honour of Eckhard Platen, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 77–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transplantation Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E. Nearby Exoplanet’s Hellish Atmosphere Measured. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith C. The affect of acculturation on obesity among foreign-born Asians residing in the United States. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. ‘Cheaters’ Give Rise to Cancer. New York Times 2015:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransplantation Reviews
AbbreviationTransplant. Rev. (Orlando)
ISSN (print)0955-470X

Other styles