How to format your references using the Transplantation Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transplantation Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Browse J. Plant science. Saving the bilayer. Science 2010;330:185–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roeb M, Sattler C. Chemistry. Isothermal water splitting. Science 2013;341:470–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sorenson MD, Sefc KM, Payne RB. Speciation by host switch in brood parasitic indigobirds. Nature 2003;424:928–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klekociuk AR, Brown PG, Pack DW, ReVelle DO, Edwards WN, Spalding RE, et al. Meteoritic dust from the atmospheric disintegration of a large meteoroid. Nature 2005;436:1132–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemaire M. Mechanics and Uncertainty. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Alvarez-Ordóñez A. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in Food Microbiology. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Yan X, Jeschke S, Dubey A, Wilke M, Schütze H. RENS – Enabling a Robot to Identify a Person. In: Xie M, Xiong Y, Xiong C, Liu H, Hu Z, editors. Intelligent Robotics and Applications: Second International Conference, ICIRA 2009, Singapore, December 16-18, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transplantation Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E. Cyber Security Experts Hacked Into A MOVING CAR And Took Control. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ASCS Needs Better Information To Adequately Assess Proposed County and State Office Automation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holby N. School Counselors and Their Experiences Implementing Comprehensive Programs. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Theater; The Terrain Where Generations Meet. New York Times 2017:AR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransplantation Reviews
AbbreviationTransplant. Rev. (Orlando)
ISSN (print)0955-470X

Other styles