How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Labor Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Labor Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackman N (2008) Triggers, targets and treatments for thrombosis. Nature 451:914–918
A journal article with 2 authors
Hugall AF, Stuart-Fox D (2012) Accelerated speciation in colour-polymorphic birds. Nature 485:631–634
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang Y, Forsyth DW, Savage B (2009) Convective upwelling in the mantle beneath the Gulf of California. Nature 462:499–501
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Neuser K, Triphan T, Mronz M, et al (2008) Analysis of a spatial orientation memory in Drosophila. Nature 453:1244–1247

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann RB (2010) Classic and Advanced Ceramics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Spoto G, Corradini R (eds) (2012) Detection of Non-Amplified Genomic DNA. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Guillevic A, Ionica S (2013) Four-Dimensional GLV via the Weil Restriction. In: Sako K, Sarkar P (eds) Advances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2013: 19th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Bengaluru, India, December 1-5, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 79–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Labor Economics.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Black Hole Lined by String of Star Clusters. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/black-hole-lined-string-star-clusters/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Improve Planning, Management, and Oversight of Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forget MA (2012) Tumor Angiogenesis is all Tied up in Tie2-Expressing Macrophages. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Battered Mets Survive the Nationals. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Mackman 2008; Hugall and Stuart-Fox 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hugall and Stuart-Fox 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Neuser et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Labor Economics
AbbreviationIZA J. Labor Econ.
ISSN (online)2193-8997
Scope

Other styles