How to format your references using the IZA Journal of Labor Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IZA Journal of Labor Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman CR (2013) Astronomy. Calibrating asteroid impact. Science 342:1051–1052
A journal article with 2 authors
Peñuelas J, Filella I (2001) Phenology. Responses to a warming world. Science 294:793–795
A journal article with 3 authors
Thammavongsa V, Missiakas DM, Schneewind O (2013) Staphylococcus aureus degrades neutrophil extracellular traps to promote immune cell death. Science 342:863–866
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sato Y, Yoshikawa A, Yamagata A, et al (2008) Structural basis for specific cleavage of Lys 63-linked polyubiquitin chains. Nature 455:358–362

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radcliff PB (2017) Modern Spain. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Maes F (ed) (2005) Marine Resource Damage Assessment: Liability and Compensation for Environmental Damage. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Ali AW, Mehta Y (2016) Heavy Vehicle Simulator and Accelerated Pavement Testing Facility at Rowan University. In: Aguiar-Moya JP, Vargas-Nordcbeck A, Leiva-Villacorta F, Loría-Salazar LG (eds) The Roles of Accelerated Pavement Testing in Pavement Sustainability: Engineering, Environment, and Economics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IZA Journal of Labor Economics.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Women In Beijing Delivered Larger Babies When Air Was Cleaner. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Federal Research: The SEMATECH Consortium’s Start-up Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Venegas Carro GI (2017) The Slow Movements of Anton Bruckner’s Symphonies: Dialogical Perspectives. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2008) Court Sets Fall Debate On Standards Of Water Act. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapman 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Peñuelas and Filella 2001; Chapman 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peñuelas and Filella 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleIZA Journal of Labor Economics
AbbreviationIZA J. Labor Econ.
ISSN (online)2193-8997

Other styles