How to format your references using the Journal of Disease Cause and Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Disease Cause and Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Miller KD. Neuroscience. π = visual cortex. Science 2010;330:1059–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nogués-Bravo D, Rahbek C. Ecology. Communities under climate change. Science 2011;334:1070–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Harris HH, Pickering IJ, George GN. The chemical form of mercury in fish. Science 2003;301:1203.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Niwa Si S-I, Eswaramoorthy M, Nair J, Raj A, Itoh N, Shoji H, et al. A one-step conversion of benzene to phenol with a palladium membrane. Science 2002;295:105–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stull C, Myers P, Scott DM. Tuned In. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Sano T, Srivatsan TS, editors. Advanced Composites for Aerospace, Marine, and Land Applications II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Yun G, Zhao L. Stochastic Discrete Damage Simulations of Laminate Composites. In: Beese AM, Zehnder AT, Xia S, editors. Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 8: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Disease Cause and Control.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Grow Hair Using Stem Cells. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Natural Gas Pipeline Safety: Risk-Based Standards Should Allow Operators to Better Tailor Reassessments to Pipeline Threats. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Choi KK. Conspiracy and alternative crimes in the Military Commissions Act of 2009: Is There a Way Out? Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
David Goodman J. Police Issue Fewer Tickets for Minor Offenses Such as Public Urination. New York Times 2017:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Disease Cause and Control
AbbreviationJ. Dis. Cause Contr.
ISSN (print)2452-2228
Scope

Other styles