How to format your references using the Journal of Disease Cause and Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Disease Cause and Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Corkum P. Laser physics. Attosecond pulses at last. Nature 2000;403:845–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Desai MM, Walczak AM. Microbiology. Flexible gene pools. Science 2015;348:977–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Tanaka S, Sawaya MR, Yeates TO. Structure and mechanisms of a protein-based organelle in Escherichia coli. Science 2010;327:81–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Shuster DL, Ehlers TA, Rusmoren ME, Farley KA. Rapid glacial erosion at 1.8 Ma revealed by 4He/3He thermochronometry. Science 2005;310:1668–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Levene M. An Introduction to Search Engines and Web Navigation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Öchsner A. The Finite Element Analysis Program MSC Marc/Mentat: A First Introduction. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bartosz K. Numerical Methods for Evolution Hemivariational Inequalities. In: Han W, Migórski S, Sofonea M, editors. Advances in Variational and Hemivariational Inequalities: Theory, Numerical Analysis, and Applications, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 111–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Disease Cause and Control.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists Discover Brain Circuit That Helps To Displace Bad Memories. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Should Provide the Congress with More Information on the Pioneer Venus Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Brown JD. Disparity in healthcare among Black Americans in the United States, a review of the literature. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. Fitting More Into That Bag. New York Times 2010:E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Disease Cause and Control
AbbreviationJ. Dis. Cause Contr.
ISSN (print)2452-2228
Scope

Other styles