How to format your references using the Journal of Disease Cause and Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Disease Cause and Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Postma E. Comment on “Additive genetic breeding values correlate with the load of partially deleterious mutations.” Science 2011;333:1221.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sun Y-G, Chen Z-F. A gastrin-releasing peptide receptor mediates the itch sensation in the spinal cord. Nature 2007;448:700–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Deroche-Gamonet V, Belin D, Piazza PV. Evidence for addiction-like behavior in the rat. Science 2004;305:1014–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Song H, Wignall PB, Chu D, Tong J, Sun Y, Song H, et al. Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath. Sci Rep 2014;4:4132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ghosh A, Berg S. Arrow Pushing in Inorganic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Kincaid H, McKitrick J, editors. Establishing Medical Reality: Essays In The Metaphysics And Epistemology Of Biomedical Science. vol. 90. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Max MD, Johnson AH. Valuation of NGH Deposits. In: Johnson AH, editor. Exploration and Production of Oceanic Natural Gas Hydrate: Critical Factors for Commercialization, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 157–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Disease Cause and Control.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Low Oxygen Levels In The Ocean Could Lead To More Wildfires In The Future. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/low-oxygen-levels-in-the-ocean-could-lead-to-more-wildfires-in-the-future/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Stronger Development Practices and Investment Planning Needed to Address Continuing Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Buckley M. Weaving Into the Glimmer. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly C. ‘The Only Girl in the Building.’ New York Times 2016:AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Disease Cause and Control
AbbreviationJ. Dis. Cause Contr.
ISSN (print)2452-2228
Scope

Other styles