How to format your references using the Earth System Science Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth System Science Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ashcroft, F. M.: From molecule to malady, Nature, 440, 440–447, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park, J. and Yook, S.-H.: Bayesian inference of natural rankings in incomplete competition networks, Sci. Rep., 4, 6212, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marston, J. O., Riker, P. W., and Thoroddsen, S. T.: Generation of ultra-sound during tape peeling, Sci. Rep., 4, 4326, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Wolf, M., van Doorn, G. S., Leimar, O., and Weissing, F. J.: Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities, Nature, 447, 581–584, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neupert, R.: French Animation History, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
Foss, S.: An Introduction to Heavy-Tailed and Subexponential Distributions, 2nd ed. 2013., edited by: Korshunov, D. and Zachary, S., Springer, New York, NY, XI, 157 p pp., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Koshy, K., Stevenson, L. A., Boonjawat, J., Campbell, J. R., Ebi, K. L., Lotia, H., and Zondervan, R.: Climate and Society, in: Climate in Asia and the Pacific: Security, Society and Sustainability, edited by: Manton, M. and Stevenson, L. A., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 199–252, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth System Science Data.

Blog post
Top Scientist Bizarrely Claims Women “Don’t Understand’ Fracking:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: International Aviation: DOT Needs More Information to Address U.S. Airlines’ Problems in Doing Business Abroad, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, X.: Exfoliation Corrosion Kinetics of High Strength Aluminum Alloys, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Angelos, J.: The French Defection, New York Times, 24th January, MM44, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ashcroft, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Ashcroft, 2006; Park and Yook, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park and Yook, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wolf et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth System Science Data
AbbreviationEarth Syst. Sci. Data
ISSN (print)1866-3508
ISSN (online)1866-3516
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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