How to format your references using the Earth System Science Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth System Science Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D.: Japan plans web of English journals, Nature, 419(6910), 868, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steven, A. C. and Spear, P. G.: Biochemistry. Viral glycoproteins and an evolutionary conundrum, Science, 313(5784), 177–178, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, Z., Cai, M. and Shen, P. K.: Nanosized tungsten carbide synthesized by a novel route at low temperature for high performance electrocatalysis, Sci. Rep., 3, 1646, 2013.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Sobolev, A. V., Hofmann, A. W., Sobolev, S. V. and Nikogosian, I. K.: An olivine-free mantle source of Hawaiian shield basalts, Nature, 434(7033), 590–597, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A. and Souchet, D.: Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2014.
An edited book
Wilding, J. P. H., Ed.: Pharmacotherapy of Obesity, Birkhäuser, Basel., 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Enriquez, A. and Tomecki, K. J.: Dermatological Diseases Affecting the Genitourinary System, in Genitourinary Pain And Inflammation: Diagnosis And Management, edited by J. M. Potts, pp. 57–76, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ., 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth System Science Data.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Supermoons Are Big And Bright, But Not As Rare As The Hype Would Suggest, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: China: U.S. Universities in China Emphasize Academic Freedom but Face Internet Censorship and Other Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wester, A. M.: Readers’ trust, socio-demographic, and acuity influences in citizen journalism credibility for disrupted online newspapers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ., 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: Charleston Chews And Sugar Babies: Fistfuls of Nostalgia, New York Times, 7th February, NJ11, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski, 2002; Steven and Spear, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steven and Spear, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Sobolev et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth System Science Data
AbbreviationEarth Syst. Sci. Data
ISSN (print)1866-3508
ISSN (online)1866-3516
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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