How to format your references using the Earth System Science Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth System Science Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Le Hur, K.: Condensed-matter physics: Quantum dots and the Kondo effect, Nature, 526(7572), 203–204, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, W. Y. and Gruebele, M.: Folding at the speed limit, Nature, 423(6936), 193–197, 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez, G., Wilkins, G. and Thiemens, M. H.: The Soret effect and isotopic fractionation in high-temperature silicate melts, Nature, 473(7345), 70–73, 2011.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Mostaço-Guidolin, L. B., Ko, A. C.-T., Wang, F., Xiang, B., Hewko, M., Tian, G., Major, A., Shiomi, M. and Sowa, M. G.: Collagen morphology and texture analysis: from statistics to classification, Sci. Rep., 3, 2190, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pilot, M. J.: Driving Sustainability to Business Success, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2014.
An edited book
Wendler, M., Buecker, B. and Tremml, B., Eds.: Key Aspects of German Business Law: A Practical Manual, Third Edition., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Flores, F. G. and Oñate, E.: Applications of a Rotation-Free Triangular Element for Finite Strain Analysis of Thin Shells and Membranes, in Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, edited by E. Oñate and B. Kröplin, pp. 69–88, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht., 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth System Science Data.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Newly Discovered 17th Century Document Described Now-Extinct Mauritian Wildlife, IFLScience, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: FAA Has Many Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but More Oversight of Operational Systems Is Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schiffbauer, L. W.: The pursuit of self-esteem: A help or a hindrance in thriving in the workplace?, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN., 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P. and Shear, M. D.: Shifting Tone, President Saves Dark Words for a Faith’s Fringe, New York Times, 21st May, A1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Le Hur, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Le Hur, 2015; Yang and Gruebele, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Gruebele, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Mostaço-Guidolin et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth System Science Data
AbbreviationEarth Syst. Sci. Data
ISSN (print)1866-3508
ISSN (online)1866-3516
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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