How to format your references using the Irish Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petherick, Anna. “Genome Editing.” Nature 528, no. 7580 (December 3, 2015): S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toffelmier, Daniel A., and James A. Tyburczy. “Electromagnetic Detection of a 410-Km-Deep Melt Layer in the Southwestern United States.” Nature 447, no. 7147 (June 21, 2007): 991–94.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland, Nicholas D., Linda Z. Holland, and Peter W. H. Holland. “Scenarios for the Making of Vertebrates.” Nature 520, no. 7548 (April 23, 2015): 450–55.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Folco, Hernan Diego, Alison L. Pidoux, Takeshi Urano, and Robin C. Allshire. “Heterochromatin and RNAi Are Required to Establish CENP-A Chromatin at Centromeres.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319, no. 5859 (January 4, 2008): 94–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seyfried, Thomas N. Cancer as a Metabolic Disease. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
Deconinck, Herman, and E. Dick, eds. Computational Fluid Dynamics 2006: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ICCFD, Ghent, Belgium, 10-14 July 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Sursock, Andrée. “The Shift to Strategic Internationalisation Approaches.” In Cross-Border Higher Education and Quality Assurance: Commerce, the Services Directive and Governing Higher Education, edited by Maria João Rosa, Cláudia S. Sarrico, Orlanda Tavares, and Alberto Amaral, 73–91. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Studies Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. “Thousands Of Galaxies On Death Row As They Are Stripped Of Their Gas.” IFLScience. IFLScience, January 16, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Expenditures for Telephone Services and Adequacy of Controls Over Such Services.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 31, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherwin, Peggy R. “The Disconnection between High School and College: A Study of Retention of Students Who Are at Risk of Leaving College before Completing a Degree.” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. “Riding a Wave, and Treading Water.” New York Times, February 22, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Studies Review
AbbreviationIr. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)0967-0882
ISSN (online)1469-9303
Literature and Literary Theory
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles