How to format your references using the Irish Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geller, Robert J. “Shake-up Time for Japanese Seismology.” Nature 472, no. 7344 (April 28, 2011): 407–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smetacek, Victor, and Stephen Nicol. “Polar Ocean Ecosystems in a Changing World.” Nature 437, no. 7057 (September 15, 2005): 362–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brandes, Marlène, Katharina Willimann, and Bernhard Moser. “Professional Antigen-Presentation Function by Human Gammadelta T Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309, no. 5732 (July 8, 2005): 264–68.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Arbic, Brian K., Douglas R. Macayeal, Jerry X. Mitrovica, and Glenn A. Milne. “Palaeoclimate: Ocean Tides and Heinrich Events.” Nature 432, no. 7016 (November 25, 2004): 460.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robson Wright, Margaret. An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
Strauß, Petra-Maria. Proactive Spoken Dialogue Interaction in Multi-Party Environments. Edited by Wolfgang Minker. 1st ed. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Martinez-Frias, Jesus, Gabriel Amaral, and Luis Vázquez. “Astrobiological Significance of Minerals on Mars Surface Environment.” In Life in Extreme Environments, edited by Ricardo Amils, Cynan Ellis-Evans, and Helmut Hinghofer-Szalkay, 55–67. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Studies Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. “This Largely Unknown Condition Puts One Million People In The Hospital Each Year.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 12, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “National Bureau of Standards--Information and Observations on Its Administration.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 21, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendez, Hipolito. “Examination of Friendship and Burnout among Child Welfare Workers.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. “Zverev and Konta Lose In French Open Upsets.” New York Times, May 30, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Studies Review
AbbreviationIr. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)0967-0882
ISSN (online)1469-9303
Literature and Literary Theory
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles