How to format your references using the Irish Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sartorius, Norman. “Short-Lived Campaigns Are Not Enough.” Nature 468, no. 7321 (November 11, 2010): 163–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milad, Mohammed R., and Gregory J. Quirk. “Neurons in Medial Prefrontal Cortex Signal Memory for Fear Extinction.” Nature 420, no. 6911 (November 7, 2002): 70–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mendoza, M., S. Succi, and H. J. Herrmann. “Flow through Randomly Curved Manifolds.” Scientific Reports 3 (October 31, 2013): 3106.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
González, Lina M., Warren C. Ruder, Philip R. Leduc, and William C. Messner. “Controlling Magnetotactic Bacteria through an Integrated Nanofabricated Metallic Island and Optical Microscope Approach.” Scientific Reports 4 (February 20, 2014): 4104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martindale, Wayne. Global Food Security and Supply. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Quarteroni, Alfio. Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave. Edited by Fausto Saleri and Paola Gervasio. Vol. 2. Texts in Computational Science and Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Becvar, Amaya, James Hollan, and Edwin Hutchins. “Representational Gestures as Cognitive Artifacts for Developing Theories in a Scientific Laboratory.” In Resources, Co-Evolution and Artifacts: Theory in CSCW, edited by Christine A. Halverson, Thomas Erickson, and Wendy A. Kellogg, 117–43. Computer Supported Cooperative Work. London: Springer, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Studies Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Could Ancient Textbooks Be The Source Of The Next Medical Breakthrough?” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 8, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Reserve Has Established Effective Year 2000 Management Controls for Internal Systems Conversion.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 9, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garibay, Oscar. “Towards a Hybrid Approach to Mariachi Education - Bridging the Gap between Formal and Informal Transmission of Musical Culture.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben. “Smiling as Syria Burns, Assad Remains Secure in Power and Impunity.” New York Times, September 17, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Studies Review
AbbreviationIr. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)0967-0882
ISSN (online)1469-9303
Literature and Literary Theory
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles