How to format your references using the Irish Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thorp, H. H. “CHEMISTRY: Harnessing the Power of Diatomics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289, no. 5481 (August 11, 2000): 882–83.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sahin, Ergün, and Ronald A. Depinho. “Linking Functional Decline of Telomeres, Mitochondria and Stem Cells during Ageing.” Nature 464, no. 7288 (March 25, 2010): 520–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
Norris, David J., Alexander L. Efros, and Steven C. Erwin. “Doped Nanocrystals.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319, no. 5871 (March 28, 2008): 1776–79.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
McLellan, Jason S., Xiaoyan Zheng, Glenn Hauk, Rodolfo Ghirlando, Philip A. Beachy, and Daniel J. Leahy. “The Mode of Hedgehog Binding to Ihog Homologues Is Not Conserved across Different Phyla.” Nature 455, no. 7215 (October 16, 2008): 979–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies, David. Philosophy of the Performing Arts. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
An edited book
Lebow, Richard Ned, ed. Richard Ned Lebow: Key Texts in Political Psychology and International Relations Theory. Vol. 4. Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Gibson, Catherine. “The Polish Livonian Legacy in Latgalia: The Confluence of Slavic Ethnolects in the Baltic-Slavic Borderland.” In The Palgrave Handbook of Slavic Languages, Identities and Borders, edited by Tomasz Kamusella, Motoki Nomachi, and Catherine Gibson, 57–80. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Studies Review.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. “Killer Worm Sperm Stops Different Species From Breeding.” IFLScience. IFLScience, July 30, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “U.S. Trade and Development Agency: Limitations Exist in Its Ability to Help Generate U.S. Exports.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 20, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Eunice Hope. “A Personal Narrative of a Korean Immigrant to the United States: A Quest for Finding a Niche.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MERCED, Michael J. de la. “Slow Trading Fails to Dent Strong Results for Banks.” New York Times, July 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Studies Review
AbbreviationIr. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)0967-0882
ISSN (online)1469-9303
Literature and Literary Theory
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles