How to format your references using the Irish Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harberd, Nicholas P. “Botany. Relieving DELLA Restraint.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, no. 5614 (March 21, 2003): 1853–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Derse, David, and Gisela Heidecker. “Virology. Forced Entry--or Does HTLV-I Have the Key?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, no. 5613 (March 14, 2003): 1670–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mourre, Vincent, Paola Villa, and Christopher S. Henshilwood. “Early Use of Pressure Flaking on Lithic Artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330, no. 6004 (October 29, 2010): 659–62.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Choo, Siew Woh, Wei Yee Wee, Yun Fong Ngeow, Wayne Mitchell, Joon Liang Tan, Guat Jah Wong, Yongbing Zhao, and Jingfa Xiao. “Genomic Reconnaissance of Clinical Isolates of Emerging Human Pathogen Mycobacterium Abscessus Reveals High Evolutionary Potential.” Scientific Reports 4 (February 11, 2014): 4061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherniakov, Mikhail. An Introduction to Parametric Digital Filters and Oscillators. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2003.
An edited book
Sgurev, Vassil, Ronald R. Yager, Janusz Kacprzyk, and Vladimir Jotsov, eds. Innovative Issues in Intelligent Systems. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 623. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, Chongyang, and Zhaohua Gong. “Optimal Control of Nonlinear Multistage Systems.” In Optimal Control of Switched Systems Arising in Fermentation Processes, edited by Zhaohua Gong, 59–76. Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Studies Review.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. “Polar Bears in Summer Low-Energy Modes Don’t Save That Much.” IFLScience. IFLScience, July 17, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Intelligence Programs: New RC-135 Aircraft Engines Can Reduce Cost and Improve Performance.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 25, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felder Derkacs, Amanda Dawn. “The Role of Desmin in the Signaling Response to Mechanical Stretch of Skeletal Muscle.” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, James R. “Centuries Later, Delivering a Sibling to Beethoven.” New York Times, April 21, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Studies Review
AbbreviationIr. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)0967-0882
ISSN (online)1469-9303
Literature and Literary Theory
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles