How to format your references using the Irish Studies Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Studies Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Csatho, Beata M. “Climate Science: A History of Greenland’s Ice Loss.” Nature 528, no. 7582 (December 17, 2015): 341–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Machner, Matthias P., and Ralph R. Isberg. “A Bifunctional Bacterial Protein Links GDI Displacement to Rab1 Activation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318, no. 5852 (November 9, 2007): 974–77.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baxt, Leigh A., Anna Cristina Garza-Mayers, and Marcia B. Goldberg. “Bacterial Subversion of Host Innate Immune Pathways.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340, no. 6133 (May 10, 2013): 697–701.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pederson, Joel, Richard Young, Ivo Lucchitta, L. Sue Beard, and George Billingsley. “Comment on ‘Age and Evolution of the Grand Canyon Revealed by U-Pb Dating of Water Table-Type Speleothems.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321, no. 5896 (September 19, 2008): 1634; author reply 1634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaynor, Gerard H. Decisions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Edney, Andrew. Pro LCS: Live Communications Server Administration. Edited by Rui Maximo. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohanty, Joy G., D. Mark Eckley, J. D. Williamson, L. J. Launer, and Joseph M. Rifkind. “Do Red Blood Cell-β-Amyloid Interactions Alter Oxygen Delivery in Alzheimer’s Disease?” In Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIX, edited by Kyung A. Kang, David K. Harrison, and Duane F. Bruley, 29–35. Advances In Experimental Medicine And Biology. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Studies Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. “7 Myths About Your Body That You Probably Believe.” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 4, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Surface Freight Transportation: A Comparison of the Costs of Road, Rail, and Waterways Freight Shipments That Are Not Passed on to Consumers.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, January 26, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Basik, Nathan. “An Evolutionary Approach to Intuitionism and Moral Realism.” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, John. “After Prayer, Practicing Her Swing.” New York Times, May 12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Studies Review
AbbreviationIr. Stud. Rev.
ISSN (print)0967-0882
ISSN (online)1469-9303
Literature and Literary Theory
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles