How to format your references using the Irish Historical Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Historical Studies (IHS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sales, Brian C., ‘Thermoelectric materials. Smaller is cooler’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), ccxcv, no. 5558 (2002), pp 1248–1249
A journal article with 2 authors
Bintanja, R. and R. S. W. van de Wal, ‘North American ice-sheet dynamics and the onset of 100,000-year glacial cycles’ in Nature, cdliv, no. 7206 (2008), pp 869–872
A journal article with 3 authors
Murakami, Shuichi, Naoto Nagaosa and Shou-Cheng Zhang, ‘Dissipationless quantum spin current at room temperature’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), ccci, no. 5638 (2003), pp 1348–1351
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Goriely, Anne, Gilean A. T. McVean, Maria Röjmyr, Björn Ingemarsson and Andrew O. M. Wilkie, ‘Evidence for selective advantage of pathogenic FGFR2 mutations in the male germ line’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), ccci, no. 5633 (2003), pp 643–646

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackevičius, Vigirdas, Integral and Measure (Hoboken, NJ, 2014)
An edited book
Floridi, Luciano and Phyllis Illari (eds), The Philosophy of Information Quality (Synthese Library, Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Cham, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Grana, Dario, ‘Rock Physics Modeling in Conventional Reservoirs’ in Congrui Jin and Gianluca Cusatis (eds), New Frontiers in Oil and Gas Exploration (Cham, 2016), pp 137–163

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Historical Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Night Owls Have A Higher Risk Of Developing Diabetes Than Early Birds’ in IFLScience (2015) (https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/night-owls-have-higher-risk-developing-diabetes-early-birds/) (30 Oct. 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Intellectual Property: Patent Examination and Copyright Office Issues, by Government Accountability Office, T-RCED/GGD-96-230 (Washington, DC, 1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pena, Homero, ‘Long-Term Effects of Post-Fire Forest Structure on Understory Vegetation in Larch Forests of the Siberian Arctic’ (Doctoral dissertation thesis, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky, ‘World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: More Blamed In Air Disaster’ in New York Times, 13 Aug. 2002, p. A7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Brian C. Sales, ‘Thermoelectric materials. Smaller is cooler’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), ccxcv, no. 5558 (2002), pp 1248–1249 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1069895)..
This sentence cites two references Brian C. Sales, ‘Thermoelectric materials. Smaller is cooler’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), ccxcv, no. 5558 (2002), pp 1248–1249 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1069895); R. Bintanja and R. S. W. van de Wal, ‘North American ice-sheet dynamics and the onset of 100,000-year glacial cycles’ in Nature, cdliv, no. 7206 (2008), pp 869–872 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature07158)..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: R. Bintanja and R. S. W. van de Wal, ‘North American ice-sheet dynamics and the onset of 100,000-year glacial cycles’ in Nature, cdliv, no. 7206 (2008), pp 869–872.
  • Three authors: Shuichi Murakami, Naoto Nagaosa and Shou-Cheng Zhang, ‘Dissipationless quantum spin current at room temperature’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), ccci, no. 5638 (2003), pp 1348–1351.
  • 7 or more authors: Anne Goriely, Gilean A. T. McVean, Maria Röjmyr, Björn Ingemarsson and Andrew O. M. Wilkie, ‘Evidence for selective advantage of pathogenic FGFR2 mutations in the male germ line’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), ccci, no. 5633 (2003), pp 643–646 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1085710).

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Historical Studies
AbbreviationIr. Hist. Stud.
ISSN (print)0021-1214
ScopeHistory

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