How to format your references using the Irish Historical Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Historical Studies (IHS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berkman, Paul Arthur, ‘International spaces promote peace’ in Nature, cdlxii, no. 7272 (2009), pp 412–413
A journal article with 2 authors
Yamamoto, J. and H. Tanaka, ‘Transparent nematic phase in a liquid-crystal-based microemulsion’ in Nature, cdix, no. 6818 (2001), pp 321–325
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Na, Chia-Lun Tsai and Jeannie T. Lee, ‘Transient homologous chromosome pairing marks the onset of X inactivation’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), cccxi, no. 5764 (2006), pp 1149–1152
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Calderaro, Adriana, Maria-Cristina Arcangeletti, Isabella Rodighiero, Mirko Buttrini, Chiara Gorrini, Federica Motta, Diego Germini, Maria-Cristina Medici, Carlo Chezzi and Flora De Conto, ‘Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry applied to virus identification’ in Scientific reports, iv (2014), p. 6803

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubrey, Sarah Beth, The Profitable Hobby Farm (Hoboken, NJ, 2010)
An edited book
Cooper, Karyn and Robert White (eds), The Practical Critical Educator (Dordrecht, 2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Arfaa, Jessica and Yuanqiong Wang, ‘A Usability Study on Elder Adults Utilizing Social Networking Sites’ in Aaron Marcus (ed.), Design, User Experience, and Usability. User Experience Design for Diverse Interaction Platforms and Environments: Third International Conference, DUXU 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part II (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Cham, 2014), pp 50–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Historical Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Discovery Channel Promises To Stop Lying To Us’ in IFLScience (2015) (https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/discovery-channel-promises-stop-lying-us/) (30 Oct. 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Federal Student Loans: Better Oversight Could Improve Defaulted Loan Rehabilitation, by Government Accountability Office, GAO-14-256 (Washington, DC, 2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barbeau, Sean J., ‘A Location-Aware Architecture Supporting Intelligent Real-Time Mobile Applications’ (Doctoral dissertation thesis, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, Bill and Mary M. Chapman, ‘Union Vote at Ford and G.M. Ends Painful Process for Big Three’ in New York Times, 22 Nov. 2015, p. A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Paul Arthur Berkman, ‘International spaces promote peace’ in Nature, cdlxii, no. 7272 (2009), pp 412–413 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/462412a)..
This sentence cites two references Paul Arthur Berkman, ‘International spaces promote peace’ in Nature, cdlxii, no. 7272 (2009), pp 412–413 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/462412a); J. Yamamoto and H. Tanaka, ‘Transparent nematic phase in a liquid-crystal-based microemulsion’ in Nature, cdix, no. 6818 (2001), pp 321–325 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35053035)..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 7 or more authors: Adriana Calderaro et al., ‘Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry applied to virus identification’ in Scientific reports, iv (2014), p. 6803 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep06803).

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Historical Studies
AbbreviationIr. Hist. Stud.
ISSN (print)0021-1214
ScopeHistory

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