How to format your references using the Irish Historical Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Historical Studies (IHS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schein, L. B., ‘Applied physics. Recent progress and continuing puzzles in electrostatics’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), cccxvi, no. 5831 (2007), pp 1572–1573
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubin, Alan F. and Phil Green, ‘Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers”’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), cccxvii, no. 5844 (2007), p. 1500
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheng, Hongjin, Goragot Wisedchaisri and Tamir Gonen, ‘Crystal structure of a nitrate/nitrite exchanger’ in Nature, cdxcvii, no. 7451 (2013), pp 647–651
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ago, Hideo, Yoshihide Kanaoka, Daisuke Irikura, Bing K. Lam, Tatsuro Shimamura, K. Frank Austen and Masashi Miyano, ‘Crystal structure of a human membrane protein involved in cysteinyl leukotriene biosynthesis’ in Nature, cdxlviii, no. 7153 (2007), pp 609–612

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, Dominique, Aurelian Fatu and Dominique Souchet, Hydrodynamic Bearings (Hoboken, NJ, 2014)
An edited book
DeLamater, John and Amanda Ward (eds), Handbook of Social Psychology (Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research, 2nd ed. 2013, Dordrecht, 2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Pagliari, Daniele Jahier, Massimo Poncino and Enrico Macii, ‘Energy-Efficient Digital Processing via Approximate Computing’ in Nicola Bombieri, Massimo Poncino and Graziano Pravadelli (eds), Smart Systems Integration and Simulation (Cham, 2016), pp 55–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Historical Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Depression Can Physically Alter Your DNA’ in IFLScience (2015) (https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-depression-affects-you-down-your-dna/) (30 Oct. 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
DOD Schools: Limitations in DOD-Sponsored Study on Transfer Alternatives Underscore Need for Additional Assessment, by Government Accountability Office, GAO-05-469 (Washington, DC, 2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tosti, Christina L., ‘Quantification of dispersed and aggregated iron in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging’ (Doctoral dissertation thesis, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly, ‘To the City, From The Country’ in New York Times, 20 July 2008, p. NJ11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference L. B. Schein, ‘Applied physics. Recent progress and continuing puzzles in electrostatics’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), cccxvi, no. 5831 (2007), pp 1572–1573 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1142325)..
This sentence cites two references L. B. Schein, ‘Applied physics. Recent progress and continuing puzzles in electrostatics’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), cccxvi, no. 5831 (2007), pp 1572–1573 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1142325); Alan F. Rubin and Phil Green, ‘Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers”’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), cccxvii, no. 5844 (2007), p. 1500 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1138956)..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Alan F. Rubin and Phil Green, ‘Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers”’ in Science (New York, N.Y.), cccxvii, no. 5844 (2007), p. 1500.
  • Three authors: Hongjin Zheng, Goragot Wisedchaisri and Tamir Gonen, ‘Crystal structure of a nitrate/nitrite exchanger’ in Nature, cdxcvii, no. 7451 (2013), pp 647–651.
  • 7 or more authors: Hideo Ago et al., ‘Crystal structure of a human membrane protein involved in cysteinyl leukotriene biosynthesis’ in Nature, cdxlviii, no. 7153 (2007), pp 609–612 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature05936).

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Historical Studies
AbbreviationIr. Hist. Stud.
ISSN (print)0021-1214
ScopeHistory

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