How to format your references using the Inventiones mathematicae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Inventiones mathematicae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Littman, M.L.: Reinforcement learning improves behaviour from evaluative feedback. Nature. 521, 445–451 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Holt, C.E., Bullock, S.L.: Subcellular mRNA localization in animal cells and why it matters. Science. 326, 1212–1216 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Maduwage, K., O’Leary, M.A., Isbister, G.K.: Diagnosis of snake envenomation using a simple phospholipase A2 assay. Sci. Rep. 4, 4827 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xing, X., Yu, Y., Li, S., Huang, X.: How do spin waves pass through a bend? Sci. Rep. 3, 2958 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaisler, S.H.: Software Paradigms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Helal, S., Mitra, S., Wong, J., Chang, C.K., Mokhtari, M. eds: Smart Homes and Health Telematics: 6th International Conference, ICOST 2008 Ames, IA, USA, June 28-July 2, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Maffini, M.V., Sonnenschein, C., Soto, A.M.: Early Life Exposure to Bisphenol A and Breast Neoplasia. In: Russo, J. (ed.) Environment and Breast Cancer. pp. 55–68. Springer, New York, NY (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Inventiones mathematicae.

Blog post
Davis, J.: First Bee May Get US Federal Protection As All Species Continue To Decline


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Motor Vehicle Safety: Comprehensive State Programs Offer Best Opportunity for Increasing Use of Safety Belts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsu, Y.-C.: A cultural psychosocial model for depression in elder care institutions: The roles of Socially Supportive Activity and self-transcendence, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: David Sarkisyan, 62, Moscow Preservationist, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInventiones mathematicae
AbbreviationInvent. Math.
ISSN (print)0020-9910
ISSN (online)1432-1297
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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