How to format your references using the International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sherwood, S. (2002). A microphysical connection among biomass burning, cumulus clouds, and stratospheric moisture. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5558), 1272–1275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rhoten, D., & Parker, A. (2004). Education. Risks and rewards of an interdisciplinary research path. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5704), 2046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutzoni, F., Pagel, M., & Reeb, V. (2001). Major fungal lineages are derived from lichen symbiotic ancestors. Nature, 411(6840), 937–940.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lu, X.-F., Bian, X.-J., Li, Z.-C., Chao, D.-M., & Wang, C. (2013). A facile strategy to decorate Cu₉S₅ nanocrystals on polyaniline nanowires and their synergetic catalytic properties. Scientific Reports, 3, 2955.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Exposito, E., & Diop, C. (2014). Smart SOA Platforms in Cloud Computing Architectures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pattaro, E., & Roversi, C. (Eds.). (2016). A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence: Volume 12: Legal Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: The Civil Law World, Tome 1: Language Areas, Tome 2: Main Orientations and Topics. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Suleman, H., Feng, K., Mhlongo, S., & Omar, M. (2005). Flexing Digital Library Systems. In E. A. Fox, E. J. Neuhold, P. Premsmit, & V. Wuwongse (Eds.), Digital Libraries: Implementing Strategies and Sharing Experiences: 8th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries, ICADL 2005, Bangkok, Thailand, December 12-15, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 33–37). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 9). Sperm Whales Learn Local Dialects – New Study Is Yet More Proof That Animals Have Culture. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem (RCED/AIMD-99-57). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mark, M. (2017). A peer mentorship program for youth transitioning out of foster care: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. (1999, July 25). What Did You Expect, the Spanish Inquisition? New York Times, 75.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sherwood, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rhoten & Parker, 2004; Sherwood, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rhoten & Parker, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Lutzoni et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Sport Exerc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1750-984X
ISSN (online)1750-9858
ScopeApplied Psychology

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