How to format your references using the International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. (2005). Genomics: genotyping gets up to speed. Nature, 435(7044), 992.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waldschmidt, T. J., & Noelle, R. J. (2001). Immunology. Long live the mature B cell--a baffling mystery resolved. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2012–2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duan, L. M., Cirac, J. I., & Zoller, P. (2001). Geometric manipulation of trapped ions for quantum computation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5522), 1695–1697.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sijacic, P., Wang, X., Skirpan, A. L., Wang, Y., Dowd, P. E., McCubbin, A. G., Huang, S., & Kao, T.-H. (2004). Identification of the pollen determinant of S-RNase-mediated self-incompatibility. Nature, 429(6989), 302–305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Al-Shuhail, A. A., Al-Dossary, S. A., & Mousa, W. A. (2017). Seismic Data Interpretation using Digital Image Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Li, J. (2013). From Multiscale Modeling to Meso-Science: A Chemical Engineering Perspective (W. Ge, W. Wang, N. Yang, X. Liu, L. Wang, X. He, X. Wang, J. Wang, & M. Kwauk, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hu, Z., & Hu, Z. (2013). Production Functions with Electricity: The Industrial Level. In Z. Hu (Ed.), Electricity Economics: Production Functions with Electricity (pp. 107–138). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 20). Is “Free Will” Just The Result Of Background Noise In The Brain? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Disposable Glassware for Laboratory Work (No. 092114). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, V. (2015). A Quantitative Analysis of the Yield Curve: Forecasting the Length and End of a Recession [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner, T. (2016, October 29). A 105-M.P.H. Fastball? Nice. What Else You Got? New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smith, 2005; Waldschmidt & Noelle, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waldschmidt & Noelle, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Duan et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sijacic et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Sport Exerc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1750-984X
ISSN (online)1750-9858
ScopeApplied Psychology

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