How to format your references using the International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butt, Y. (2009). Beyond the myth of the supernova-remnant origin of cosmic rays. Nature, 460(7256), 701–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whetten, R. L., & Price, R. C. (2007). Chemistry. Nano-golden order. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5849), 407–408.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ishikawa, H., Ma, Z., & Barber, G. N. (2009). STING regulates intracellular DNA-mediated, type I interferon-dependent innate immunity. Nature, 461(7265), 788–792.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lan, F., Collins, R. E., De Cegli, R., Alpatov, R., Horton, J. R., Shi, X., … Shi, Y. (2007). Recognition of unmethylated histone H3 lysine 4 links BHC80 to LSD1-mediated gene repression. Nature, 448(7154), 718–722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Poltorak, A. I., & Lerner, P. J. (2011). Essentials of Intellectual Property. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bhattacharya, S. (2012). Fowler-Nordheim Field Emission: Effects in Semiconductor Nanostructures. (K. P. Ghatak, Ed.) (Vol. 170). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Janjuha-Jivraj, S., & Chisholm, K. (2016). Why Championing Works So Well for Women. In K. Chisholm (Ed.), Championing Women Leaders: Beyond Sponsorship (pp. 55–72). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, February 7). This Black Hole Has Been Eating A Star For 10 Years, Longer Than Any Observed Before. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Air Force Decision Not To Purchase Certain Automatic Data Processing Equipment Located at Its Environmental Technical Applications Center, Washington, D.C (No. B-151204). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rozas, K. N. (2014). Searching for Reel Consequences: A Content Analysis of Risk Behaviors, Gender and Character Consequences in PG-13 Movie Trailers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2017, June 26). Australia Through American Eyes. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butt, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Butt, 2009; Whetten & Price, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whetten & Price, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Ishikawa, Ma, & Barber, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lan et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Sport Exerc. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1750-984X
ISSN (online)1750-9858
ScopeApplied Psychology

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