How to format your references using the International Review of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kotov NA (2010) Chemistry. Inorganic nanoparticles as protein mimics. Science 330:188–189
A journal article with 2 authors
Poinar GO Jr, Danforth BN (2006) A fossil bee from Early Cretaceous Burmese amber. Science 314:614
A journal article with 3 authors
Grima JN, Attard D, Gatt R (2011) Materials science. Unusual thermoelastic properties of methanol monohydrate. Science 331:687–688
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ko H, Takei K, Kapadia R, et al (2010) Ultrathin compound semiconductor on insulator layers for high-performance nanoscale transistors. Nature 468:286–289

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sierra MA, de la Torre MC, Cossío FP (2013) More Dead Ends and Detours. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Fässler TF (ed) (2011) Zintl Phases: Principles and Recent Developments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
de Vries MFRK, Korotov K (2016) Transformational Executive Programs: An Owner’s Manual. In: Vries MFRK de, Korotov K, Florent-Treacy E, Rook C (eds) Coach and Couch: The Psychology of Making Better Leaders. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 67–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Economics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) This Is What Caused The Most Powerful Eruption In Human History. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Cloud-Seeding Activities Carried Out in the United States Under Programs Supported by the Federal Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindeboom TN (2014) A new home for transitioning youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B (2016) Where the Party Moves From Room to Room. New York Times D9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kotov 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Poinar and Danforth 2006; Kotov 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poinar and Danforth 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ko et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Econ.
ISSN (print)1865-1704
ISSN (online)1863-4613
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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