How to format your references using the International Review of Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmollinger J (2002) Equal opportunities. Nature 417:5
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee SS-J, Mudaliar A (2009) Medicine. Racing forward: the Genomics and Personalized Medicine Act. Science 323:342
A journal article with 3 authors
Dalton CA, Langmuir CH, Gale A (2014) Geophysical and geochemical evidence for deep temperature variations beneath mid-ocean ridges. Science 344:80–83
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jacobs HO, Tao AR, Schwartz A, et al (2002) Fabrication of a cylindrical display by patterned assembly. Science 296:323–325

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonk CJ (2011) The World is Open. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Graeb HE (ed) (2011) Analog Layout Synthesis: A Survey of Topological Approaches. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Walls DF, Milburn GJ (2008) Quantum Phenomena in Simple Systems in Nonlinear Optics. In: Walls DF, Milburn GJ (eds) Quantum Optics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Economics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Fish That Haven’t Been Drinking Take Cues From Those That Have. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Amtrak: Improved Management and Controls over Food and Beverage Service Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simon-Owens NL (2010) Southern Virginia Higher Education Center: An exploration of factors affecting organizational leadership. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Flegenheimer M (2015) Piecing Through ‘Utter Chaos’ After Train Crash. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmollinger 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Schmollinger 2002; Lee and Mudaliar 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Mudaliar 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Jacobs et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Econ.
ISSN (print)1865-1704
ISSN (online)1863-4613
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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