How to format your references using the International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart, W. (2007). Applied physics. The power to set you free. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5834), 55–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vabulas, R. M., & Hartl, F. U. (2005). Protein synthesis upon acute nutrient restriction relies on proteasome function. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5756), 1960–1963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yin, Q., Jacobsen, S. B., & Yamashita, K. (2002). Diverse supernova sources of pre-solar material inferred from molybdenum isotopes in meteorites. Nature, 415(6874), 881–883.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Walensky, L. D., Kung, A. L., Escher, I., Malia, T. J., Barbuto, S., Wright, R. D., Wagner, G., Verdine, G. L., & Korsmeyer, S. J. (2004). Activation of apoptosis in vivo by a hydrocarbon-stapled BH3 helix. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1466–1470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verdu, J. (2012). Oxidative Ageing of Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ferrier, P. (Ed.). (2009). V(D)J Recombination (Vol. 650). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dingsøyr, T. (2009). Strategies and Approaches for Managing Architectural Knowledge. In M. Ali Babar, T. Dingsøyr, P. Lago, & H. van Vliet (Eds.), Software Architecture Knowledge Management: Theory and Practice (pp. 59–68). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, June 21). Aircraft Contrails Make Clouds Brighter – New Study. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Public-Safety Broadband Network: FirstNet Has Made Progress Establishing the Network, but Should Address Stakeholder Concerns and Workforce Planning (GAO-17-569). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christiansen, L. M. (2009). The impact of high quality professional development on student achievement in the state of Missouri [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, October 2). roberts court may be defined in second term. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Stewart, 2007; Vabulas & Hartl, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vabulas & Hartl, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Yin et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Walensky et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation
AbbreviationInt. Perspect. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2157-3883
ISSN (online)2157-3891

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