How to format your references using the International Orthodontics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Orthodontics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sovacool BK. Diversity: Energy studies need social science. Nature 2014;511:529–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Phillips P, Balatsky AV. Physics. Cracking the supersolid. Science 2007;316:1435–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Staal M, Meysman FJR, Stal LJ. Temperature excludes N2-fixing heterocystous cyanobacteria in the tropical oceans. Nature 2003;425:504–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Leibundgut M, Jenni S, Frick C, Ban N. Structural basis for substrate delivery by acyl carrier protein in the yeast fatty acid synthase. Science 2007;316:288–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Barron RF, Barron BR. Design for Thermal Stresses. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
France B, Compton V, editors. Bringing Communities Together: Connecting Learners with Scientists or Technologists. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Brint S. What Are the Long Term Implications of Integration/Interdisciplinary Science on Traditional Disciplines and Their Professional Associations (Turf Wars)? In: Marcey DJ, Shaw MC, editors. Integrated Science: New Approaches to Education, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009, p. 69–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Orthodontics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Scientists at the National Ignition Facility have produced a record fusion energy yield, bringing us closer to fusion power. IFLScience 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/scientists-national-ignition-facility-have-produced-record-fusion-energy-yield-bringing-us/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Penney G. Executive Fire Officers’ strategic thinking capabilities and their relationship with information and communication technology. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Chira S. A New Rating For Portrayals Of Gender. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Orthodontics
AbbreviationInt. Orthod.
ISSN (print)1761-7227
ScopeOrthodontics

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