How to format your references using the International Orthodontics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Orthodontics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hederstedt L. Structural biology. Complex II is complex too. Science 2003;299:671–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wiersma DS, Cavalieri S. Light emission: A temperature-tunable random laser. Nature 2001;414:708–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Beaber JW, Hochhut B, Waldor MK. SOS response promotes horizontal dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes. Nature 2004;427:72–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Reinhardt RL, Khoruts A, Merica R, Zell T, Jenkins MK. Visualizing the generation of memory CD4 T cells in the whole body. Nature 2001;410:101–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Torres A. Clinical Management of Bacterial Pneumonia. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jakushokas R, Popovich M, Mezhiba AV, Köse S, Friedman EG. Decoupling Capacitance. In: Popovich M, Mezhiba AV, Köse S, Friedman EG, editors. Power Distribution Networks with On-Chip Decoupling Capacitors, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 89–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Orthodontics.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Like A Fish Out Of Water: Fish May Have Emerged Onto Land More Than 30 Times. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Tax Policy: Refund Offset Program Benefits Appear to Exceed Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Schroeder M. Investigating the Learnability of a Rogue Grammar: Null Subject Parameter Resetting in Second Language Acquisition. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Baker P. President Assails ‘Joke’ Justice And Seeks Visa Program’s End. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Orthodontics
AbbreviationInt. Orthod.
ISSN (print)1761-7227
ScopeOrthodontics

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