How to format your references using the International Orthodontics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Orthodontics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kleiner K. Crunch time for New Jersey lab. Nature 2006;440:1111.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hyde JS, Linn MC. Diversity. Gender similarities in mathematics and science. Science 2006;314:599–600.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Aldaye FA, Palmer AL, Sleiman HF. Assembling materials with DNA as the guide. Science 2008;321:1795–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Connolly SR, Hughes TP, Bellwood DR, Karlson RH. Community structure of corals and reef fishes at multiple scales. Science 2005;309:1363–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Paul CR. Transmission Lines in Digital Systems for EMC Practitioners. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Gamble A. Beginning Rails 4. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gonzalez D, Elias M, Chabrière E. The DING Family of Phosphate Binding Proteins in Inflammatory Diseases. In: Camps J, editor. Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Non-communicable Diseases - Molecular Mechanisms and Perspectives in Therapeutics, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Orthodontics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. China and US Make Historic Climate Change Agreement. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/china-and-us-make-historic-climate-change-agreement/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Continuing Risks of Disruption to Social Security, Medicare, and Treasury Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bristow LW. There is an old woman: The final stage of individuation. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. A Human Superstar Among the Superheroes. New York Times 2012:C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Orthodontics
AbbreviationInt. Orthod.
ISSN (print)1761-7227
ScopeOrthodontics

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