How to format your references using the International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition (IJDAR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Career-change carousel. Nature. 423, 899 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Papke, R.T., Gogarten, J.P.: Ecology. How bacterial lineages emerge. Science. 336, 45–46 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Szostak, J.W., Bartel, D.P., Luisi, P.L.: Synthesizing life. Nature. 409, 387–390 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bilde, T., Foged, A., Schilling, N., Arnqvist, G.: Postmating sexual selection favors males that sire offspring with low fitness. Science. 324, 1705–1706 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abner, D.J.: The ETF Handbook. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
El-Meliegy, E.: Glasses and Glass Ceramics for Medical Applications. Springer, New York, NY (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Hosking, R.J., Dewar, R.L.: Waves in Fluids. In: Dewar, R.L. (ed.) Fundamental Fluid Mechanics and Magnetohydrodynamics. pp. 113–155. Springer, Singapore (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: Searching Deep And Dark: Building A Google For The Less Visible Parts Of The Web,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1985)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, A.M.: Moving in foster care: Voices of adults who experienced multiple foster care placements in childhood, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, J.F.: Choosing a Place to Settle Down in the Age of Fitbit, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition
AbbreviationInt. J. Doc. Anal. Recognit.
ISSN (print)1433-2833
ISSN (online)1433-2825
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Other styles