How to format your references using the International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition (IJDAR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C.: World view: what can little Europe do? Nature. 464, 349 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
D’Souza, V., Summers, M.F.: Structural basis for packaging the dimeric genome of Moloney murine leukaemia virus. Nature. 431, 586–590 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, J., Han, D., Zhao, Y.-P.: Kinetic behaviour of the cells touching substrate: the interfacial stiffness guides cell spreading. Sci. Rep. 4, 3910 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, S., Tang, R., Anderson, L.K., Woerner, T.E., Pei, Z.-M.: A cell surface receptor mediates extracellular Ca(2+) sensing in guard cells. Nature. 425, 196–200 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berthold, H.J., Binnewies, M.: Chemisches Grundpraktikum. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2005)
An edited book
Awad, A.G., Voruganti, L.N.P. eds: Beyond Assessment of Quality of Life in Schizophrenia. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Bajd, T., Mihelj, M., Lenarčič, J., Stanovnik, A., Munih, M.: Two-segment robot manipulator. In: Mihelj, M., Lenarcic, J., Stanovnik, A., and Munih, M. (eds.) Robotics. pp. 33–48. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Copper Block Sets Record Cold Temperature,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Research and Development: Contributions to and Results of the Small Business Technology Transfer Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelleher, A.: Gendered Intent to Turnover Resulting from Workplace Bullying in Nursing and Medical Fields, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C.: ‘Cowboy Stuntman’ Was an Olympic Medalist, Too, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition
AbbreviationInt. J. Doc. Anal. Recognit.
ISSN (print)1433-2833
ISSN (online)1433-2825
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Other styles