How to format your references using the International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition (IJDAR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Towe, K.M.: The problematic rise of Archean oxygen. Science. 295, 1419 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Thodey, K., Smolke, C.D.: Cell biology. Bringing it together with RNA. Science. 333, 412–413 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ochedowski, O., Bussmann, B.K., Schleberger, M.: Graphene on mica - intercalated water trapped for life. Sci. Rep. 4, 6003 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Murphy, K., Frazer, K.A., Loots, G., Rubin, E.M.: Database searches for binding sites. Science. 288, 2319a (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malina, M.: Delivering Sustainable Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford (2013)
An edited book
Roermund, A.H.M., Casier, H., Steyaert, M. eds: Analog Circuit Design: Smart Data Converters, Filters on Chip, Multimode Transmitters. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Enström, R., Benson, L.: A Triangulated Appraisal of How Hybrid Activities Develop Students’ Negotiating Self-Confidence. In: Daly, P., Reid, K., Buckley, P., and Doyle, E. (eds.) Innovative Business Education Design for 21st Century Learning. pp. 41–54. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Cosmic Mystery Solved By Detailed Map Of The Universe


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Situational Awareness: Status of Efforts and Planned Budgets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2015)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Molina-Gutierrez, E.: Keys to my home: A grant proposal project, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J.: The Blink of an Eye, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition
AbbreviationInt. J. Doc. Anal. Recognit.
ISSN (print)1433-2833
ISSN (online)1433-2825
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Other styles