How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barry CE. 2014. Tuberculosis: Drug discovery goes au naturel. Nature. 506(7489):436–437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clements DH, Sarama J. 2011. Early childhood mathematics intervention. Science. 333(6045):968–970.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tagkopoulos I, Liu Y-C, Tavazoie S. 2008. Predictive behavior within microbial genetic networks. Science. 320(5881):1313–1317.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Zhang P, Tevaarwerk E, Park B-N, Savage DE, Celler GK, Knezevic I, Evans PG, Eriksson MA, Lagally MG. 2006. Electronic transport in nanometre-scale silicon-on-insulator membranes. Nature. 439(7077):703–706.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Praetorius S, Schößer B. 2016. Bentonithandbuch. Berlin, Germany: Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Jiang T, Navab N, Pluim JPW, Viergever MA, editors. 2010. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2010: 13th International Conference, Beijing, China, September 20-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu Y, Li S. 2010. Hybrid Good Point Set Evolutionary Strategy for Constrained Optimization. In: Huang D-S, McGinnity M, Heutte L, Zhang X-P, editors. Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications: 6th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2010, Changsha, China, August 18-21, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 30–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Chandra X-ray Observatory Turns 15! IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Use of Surplus Dairy Products in the National School Lunch Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rayford S. 2014. A Qualitative Analysis of Mentoring Experiences and Perceptions of Female Students Enrolled in a Doctoral Program in Education at a Midwestern University [Doctoral dissertation]. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2010. A Whirlwind Start For St. John’s and Lavin. New York Times.:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barry 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Clements and Sarama 2011; Barry 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clements and Sarama 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sustainable Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sustain. Dev.
ISSN (print)1946-3138
ISSN (online)1946-3146
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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