How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K. 2004. Analyse this. Nature. 431:880–881.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higgins AM, Jones RA. 2000. Anisotropic spinodal dewetting as a route to self-assembly of patterned surfaces. Nature. 404:476–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro G, Nielsen S, Pennacchioni G. 2005. Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults. Nature. 436:1009–1012.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Camille N, Coricelli G, Sallet J, Pradat-Diehl P, Duhamel J-R, Sirigu A. 2004. The involvement of the orbitofrontal cortex in the experience of regret. Science. 304:1167–1170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg SM. 2010. Running an Effective Investor Relations Department. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shah B. 2010. Breast Imaging Review: A Quick Guide to Essential Diagnoses. First. Fundaro G, Mandava S, editors. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Firoozye NB, Ariff F. 2016. Probability Applied. In: Ariff F, editor. Managing Uncertainty, Mitigating Risk: Tackling the Unknown in Financial Risk Assessment and Decision Making. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; p. 81–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2013. Crow Brains Reveal Secrets of Their Intelligence. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Intercity Passenger Rail: Prospects for Amtrak’s Financial Viability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vazquez Baeza Y. 2017. Statistical Representations Of Microbial Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gabler E, Dougherty C. 2017. Woman ‘Madly in Love’ With the Gunman Says She Was Unaware of His Plans. New York Times.:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Higgins & Jones 2000; Powell 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higgins & Jones 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Camille et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sustainable Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sustain. Dev.
ISSN (print)1946-3138
ISSN (online)1946-3146
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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