How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polyakov VB. 2009. Equilibrium iron isotope fractionation at core-mantle boundary conditions. Science. 323(5916):912–914.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ouyang M, Awschalom DD. 2003. Coherent spin transfer between molecularly bridged quantum dots. Science. 301(5636):1074–1078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruefli-Brasse AA, French DM, Dixit VM. 2003. Regulation of NF-kappaB-dependent lymphocyte activation and development by paracaspase. Science. 302(5650):1581–1584.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Kelly PN, Dakic A, Adams JM, Nutt SL, Strasser A. 2007. Tumor growth need not be driven by rare cancer stem cells. Science. 317(5836):337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruiz J-L. 2017. Supra-Gingival Minimally Invasive Dentistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lenz H-J, Wilrich P-T, editors. 2006. Frontiers in Statistical Quality Control 8. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.
A chapter in an edited book
Gairing M, Lücking T, Monien B, Tiemann K. 2005. Nash Equilibria, the Price of Anarchy and the Fully Mixed Nash Equilibrium Conjecture. In: Caires L, Italiano GF, Monteiro L, Palamidessi C, Yung M, editors. Automata, Languages and Programming: 32nd International Colloquium, ICALP 2005, Lisbon, Portugal, July 11-15, 2005 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. Juno Is About To Peer Under The Clouds Of Jupiter. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patil AV. 2017. Programming QR code scanner, communicating Android devices, and unit testing in fortified cards [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2001. Looking For Love. New York Times.:141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Polyakov 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ouyang and Awschalom 2003; Polyakov 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ouyang and Awschalom 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kelly et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sustainable Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sustain. Dev.
ISSN (print)1946-3138
ISSN (online)1946-3146
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Development
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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