How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson JE. 2009. Big Brother has evolved. Nature. 458(7241):968.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gokhale VJ, Rais-Zadeh M. 2014. Phonon-electron interactions in piezoelectric semiconductor bulk acoustic wave resonators. Sci Rep. 4:5617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lanzillo NA, Kharche N, Nayak SK. 2014. Substrate-induced band gap renormalization in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep. 4:3609.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Freeman R, Weinstein E, Marincola E, Rosenbaum J, Solomon F. 2001. Careers. Competition and careers in biosciences. Science. 294(5550):2293–2294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norwitz ER, Saade GR, Miller H, Davidson CM. 2016. Obstetric Clinical Algorithms. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kamat RK. 2009. Unleash the System On Chip using FPGAs and Handel C. Shinde SA, Shelake VG, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Seitz B, Langenbucher A. 2008. Phototherapeutic Keratectomy in Corneal Dystrophies. In: Reinhard T, Larkin F, editors. Cornea and External Eye Disease. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 55–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development.

Blog post
Hale T. 2017. Catch A Lunar Eclipse And A Comet In Friday’s Night Sky. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Interstate Commerce Commission: Transferring ICC’s Rail Regulatory Responsibilities May Not Achieve Desired Effects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al azze Q. 2014. Field-Oriented Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors Based on DSP Controller [Doctoral dissertation]. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. 2016. Trains of Thought Waiting to Connect in Levittown. New York Times.:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dobson 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dobson 2009; Gokhale and Rais-Zadeh 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gokhale and Rais-Zadeh 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Freeman et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sustainable Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sustain. Dev.
ISSN (print)1946-3138
ISSN (online)1946-3146
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

Other styles