How to format your references using the International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kelly RL. 2011. Retrospective. Lewis R. Binford (1931-2011). Science. 332(6032):928.
A journal article with 2 authors
Snir Y, Kamien RD. 2005. Entropically driven helix formation. Science. 307(5712):1067.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xin H, Liu Q, Li B. 2014. Non-contact fiber-optical trapping of motile bacteria: dynamics observation and energy estimation. Sci Rep. 4:6576.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Sato M, Sawahata R, Sakuma C, Takenouchi T, Kitani H. 2013. Single domain intrabodies against WASP inhibit TCR-induced immune responses in transgenic mice T cells. Sci Rep. 3:3003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Packard A. 2010. Digital Media Law. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Reif K, editor. 2015. Automotive Mechatronics: Automotive Networking, Driving Stability Systems, Electronics. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilding JPH. 2008. Sibutramine. In: Wilding JPH, editor. Pharmacotherapy of Obesity. Basel: Birkhäuser; p. 59–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2017. Did The Tunguska Event Of 1908 Leave A Hidden Impact Crater? IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Information Technology: OMB Can More Effectively Use Its Investment Reviews. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Annan F. 2012. Spatial pattern of yield distributions: implications for crop insurance [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M. 2017. An Unconventional Witness. New York Times.:A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kelly 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Snir and Kamien 2005; Kelly 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Snir and Kamien 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Urban Sustainable Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Urban Sustain. Dev.
ISSN (print)1946-3138
ISSN (online)1946-3146
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

Other styles