How to format your references using the International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bakardjiev A (2015) Immunology: Stillbirth prevented by signal blockade. Nature 520:627–628
A journal article with 2 authors
Prives C, Lowe SW (2015) Cancer: Mutant p53 and chromatin regulation. Nature 525:199–200
A journal article with 3 authors
Strauss SH, Costanza A, Séguin A (2015) BIOTECHNOLOGY. Genetically engineered trees: Paralysis from good intentions. Science 349:794–795
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Van Horn WD, Kim H-J, Ellis CD, et al (2009) Solution nuclear magnetic resonance structure of membrane-integral diacylglycerol kinase. Science 324:1726–1729

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Solomon R (2016) The Art of Client Service. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Patrick PG (2013) Zoo Talk. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Aula P, Heinonen J (2016) Extended Culture. In: Heinonen J (ed) The Reputable Firm: How Digitalization of Communication Is Revolutionizing Reputation Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 99–119

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Teen Threatened With Graduation Ban For Yearbook Quote. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Aviation Security: Weaknesses in Airport Security and Options for Assigning Screening Responsibilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurley JC (2010) The use of edge detection techniques to analyze thoracoabdominal movement and infer breathing volume. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J (2016) An Election Ill Timed for Media in Transition. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bakardjiev 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bakardjiev 2015; Prives and Lowe 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prives and Lowe 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Van Horn et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management
ISSN (print)0975-6809
ISSN (online)0976-4348
ScopeStrategy and Management
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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