How to format your references using the International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
’t Hooft G (2007) The making of the standard model. Nature 448:271–273
A journal article with 2 authors
Correia ACM, Laskar J (2004) Mercury’s capture into the 3/2 spin-orbit resonance as a result of its chaotic dynamics. Nature 429:848–850
A journal article with 3 authors
Kainulainen J, Federrath C, Henning T (2014) Unfolding the laws of star formation: the density distribution of molecular clouds. Science 344:183–185
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rosenflanz A, Frey M, Endres B, et al (2004) Bulk glasses and ultrahard nanoceramics based on alumina and rare-earth oxides. Nature 430:761–764

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stratton JA (2015) Electromagnetic Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chinesta F (2014) The Proper Generalized Decomposition for Advanced Numerical Simulations: A Primer. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Osipov A, Rokhlin V, Xiao H (2013) Analysis of the Integral Operator. In: Rokhlin V, Xiao H (eds) Prolate Spheroidal Wave Functions of Order Zero: Mathematical Tools for Bandlimited Approximation. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 135–169

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Might Pluto Sound Like? Our Musical Love Affair With The Cosmos. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Department of Education Could Improve Its Monitoring and Assistance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Racho MO (2012) Attributes of Asian American senior leaders who have retained their cultural identity and been successful in American corporations. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Back Underwriters On New Issues. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (’t Hooft 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Correia and Laskar 2004; ’t Hooft 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Correia and Laskar 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Rosenflanz et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management
ISSN (print)0975-6809
ISSN (online)0976-4348
ScopeStrategy and Management
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles