How to format your references using the International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkel A (2014) Perspective: powering up citations. Nature 511:S77
A journal article with 2 authors
Kopec C, Malinow R (2006) Neuroscience. Matters of size. Science 314:1554–1555
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurin-Csörgei K, Epstein IR, Orbán M (2005) Systematic design of chemical oscillators using complexation and precipitation equilibria. Nature 433:139–142
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Organ CL, Janes DE, Meade A, Pagel M (2009) Genotypic sex determination enabled adaptive radiations of extinct marine reptiles. Nature 461:389–392

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson M (2013) Everyday Moral Economies. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Alleva G, Giommi A (eds) (2016) Topics in Theoretical and Applied Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Fu G, Xu X (2012) Mechanistic Insights into Selective Oxidation of Light Alkanes by Transition Metal Compounds/Complexes. In: Wiest O, Wu Y (eds) Computational Organometallic Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 113–141

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Happens During Sleep? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ji Y (2017) Dynamic Genetic Control: Manipulating Cell Behaviors Using Heat. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Living the Quirky Dream. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkel 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kopec and Malinow 2006; Finkel 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kopec and Malinow 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Organ et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management
ISSN (print)0975-6809
ISSN (online)0976-4348
ScopeStrategy and Management
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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