How to format your references using the International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxted PFL (2006) Astronomy. A ghostly star revealed in silhouette. Science 314:1550–1551
A journal article with 2 authors
Samuel ID, Beeby A (2000) Display technology. Sidestepping the selection rules. Nature 403:710–711
A journal article with 3 authors
Gitlin L, Karelsky S, Andino R (2002) Short interfering RNA confers intracellular antiviral immunity in human cells. Nature 418:430–434
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nakano H, Hibino T, Oji T, et al (2003) Larval stages of a living sea lily (stalked crinoid echinoderm). Nature 421:158–160

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dvorak R, Lhotka C (2013) Celestial Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Vanin JR (2008) Anxiety Disorders: A Pocket Guide for Primary Care. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Heimfarth T, Orfanus D, Wagner FR (2008) Resource-Aware Clustering of Wireless Sensor Networks Based on Division of Labor in Social Insects. In: Hinchey M, Pagnoni A, Rammig FJ, Schmeck H (eds) Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, Second IFIP TC 10 International Conference on Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing, September 8–9, 2008, Milano, Italy. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 45–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The River Nile As Seen From Space. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/river-nile-aglow-seen-space/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Deferred Maintenance: Reporting Requirements and Identified Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu T-WD (2003) Isolation and Characterization of pco-1, which Encodes a Regulatory Protein that Controls Purine Degradation in Neurospora crassa. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) It’s Dark Out There Among the Stars. New York Times C15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxted 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Samuel and Beeby 2000; Maxted 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Samuel and Beeby 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakano et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management
ISSN (print)0975-6809
ISSN (online)0976-4348
ScopeStrategy and Management
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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