How to format your references using the International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management (Int J Syst Assur Eng Manag). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2005) Cultivating black gold. Nature 433:779
A journal article with 2 authors
Zufall RA, Rausher MD (2004) Genetic changes associated with floral adaptation restrict future evolutionary potential. Nature 428:847–850
A journal article with 3 authors
Salje J, Zuber B, Löwe J (2009) Electron cryomicroscopy of E. coli reveals filament bundles involved in plasmid DNA segregation. Science 323:509–512
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Soma A, Onodera A, Sugahara J, et al (2007) Permuted tRNA genes expressed via a circular RNA intermediate in Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Science 318:450–453

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mishra AR (2010) Cellular Technologies for Emerging Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Amato F (2014) Finite-Time Stability and Control. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Krithika R, Narayanaswamy NS (2012) Generalized Above Guarantee Vertex Cover and r-Partization. In: Rahman MS, Nakano S-I (eds) WALCOM: Algorithms and Computation: 6th International Workshop, WALCOM 2012, Dhaka, Bangladesh, February 15-17, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 17–27

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Scientists Have Found Something Very Mysterious In The Great Pyramid Of Giza. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Telecommunications: State and Federal Actions to Curb Slamming and Cramming. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pederson HM (2012) Decreasing blame and building therapeutic alliance: Clarifying central change processes in functional family therapy. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyons M, Poniewozik J (2016) Oh, TV of Little Faith. New York Times AR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gladman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kimble 2008; Prusiner 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zufall and Rausher 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Vila-Costa et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management
ISSN (print)0975-6809
ISSN (online)0976-4348
ScopeStrategy and Management
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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