How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughes V (2012) Microbiome: Cultural differences. Nature 492:S14-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Ramachandran V, Chen X (2008) Degradation of microRNAs by a family of exoribonucleases in Arabidopsis. Science 321:1490–1492
A journal article with 3 authors
Gutiérrez NL, Hilborn R, Defeo O (2011) Leadership, social capital and incentives promote successful fisheries. Nature 470:386–389
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Berners-Lee T, Hall W, Hendler J, et al (2006) Computer science. Creating a science of the Web. Science 313:769–771

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maini AK, Agrawal V (2006) Satellite Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Karshenboim SG (ed) (2008) Precision Physics of Simple Atoms and Molecules. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Muijs D, Ainscow M, Chapman C, West M (2011) Societal Theories of Networking and Collaboration. In: Ainscow M, Chapman C, West M (eds) Collaboration and Networking in Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 29–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Geochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Possible Link Between Red Meat Consumption And Increased Cancer Risk Identified. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Child Care: Information on Integrating Early Care and Education Funding. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsari F (2015) Training needs analysis for women in educational leadership in Saudi Arabia. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside K, Lyall S (2017) Fans of These Dogs Say Bald Is Beautiful. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hughes 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ramachandran and Chen 2008; Hughes 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ramachandran and Chen 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Berners-Lee et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Geochemistry
ISSN (print)1000-9426
ISSN (online)1993-0364

Other styles