How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hobson KA (2002) Ecology. Incredible journeys. Science 295:981–983
A journal article with 2 authors
Grumbine RE, Pandit MK (2013) Ecology. Threats from India’s Himalaya dams. Science 339:36–37
A journal article with 3 authors
Farkas I, Helbing D, Vicsek T (2002) Mexican waves in an excitable medium. Nature 419:131–132
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vogeli KM, Jin S-W, Martin GR, Stainier DYR (2006) A common progenitor for haematopoietic and endothelial lineages in the zebrafish gastrula. Nature 443:337–339

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazemi GA, Lehr JH, Perrochet P (2006) Groundwater Age. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chen J (2012) Data Dissemination and Query in Mobile Social Networks. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Huang X, Dai L (2015) Chinese Cultural Values in User Experience Design of Kids’ Home Products. In: Rau PLP (ed) Cross-Cultural Design Methods, Practice and Impact: 7th International Conference, CCD 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Geochemistry.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Stem Cell Treatment Successfully Restores Sight. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) The Job Training Partnership Act Performance Standards and Information Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederique NP (2010) The effectiveness of school based intensive probation for reducing recidivism: An evaluation of Maryland’s Spotlight on Schools program. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Chef’s Choice Is Rooting for Italy, Family Style. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hobson 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hobson 2002; Grumbine and Pandit 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grumbine and Pandit 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Vogeli et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Geochemistry
ISSN (print)1000-9426
ISSN (online)1993-0364

Other styles