How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Auerbach DJ (2001) Surface science. Hitting the surface--softly. Science 294:2488–2489
A journal article with 2 authors
Irvine RF, Denton RM (2011) Cell biology. Pyro-technic control of metabolism. Science 334:770–771
A journal article with 3 authors
Colley DG, LoVerde PT, Savioli L (2001) Infectious disease. Medical helminthology in the 21st century. Science 293:1437–1438
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shen Z, Zhao Z, Peng H, Nygren M (2002) Formation of tough interlocking microstructures in silicon nitride ceramics by dynamic ripening. Nature 417:266–269

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pachamanova DA, Fabozzi FJ (2016) Portfolio Construction and Analytics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mahmood Z, Hill R (eds) (2011) Cloud Computing for Enterprise Architectures. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Halder C, Obaidullah SM, Paul J, Roy K (2016) Writer Verification on Bangla Handwritten Characters. In: Chaki R, Cortesi A, Saeed K, Chaki N (eds) Advanced Computing and Systems for Security: Volume 2. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 53–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Geochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Does Australia’s New 2030 Climate Target Mean For The Local Coal Industry? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) FAA Computer Security: Concerns Remain Due to Personnel and Other Continuing Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson KM (2010) The effects of communist policies, the democratic transition, and EU accession on gender equality in Germany and the Czech Republic. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2013) A Messy Look at the Family Mystery. New York Times AR18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Auerbach 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Auerbach 2001, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Irvine and Denton 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Geochemistry
ISSN (print)1000-9426
ISSN (online)1993-0364

Other styles