How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondrashov A (2012) James Crow (1916-2012). Nature 481:444
A journal article with 2 authors
Stewart I, Cohen J (2000) Monolith. Nature 408:913
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugiyama T, Suzuki H, Takahashi T (2014) Light-induced rapid Ca2+ response and MAPK phosphorylation in the cells heterologously expressing human OPN5. Sci Rep 4:5352
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Womelsdorf T, Schoffelen J-M, Oostenveld R, et al (2007) Modulation of neuronal interactions through neuronal synchronization. Science 316:1609–1612

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe HE (2001) Electromagnetic Propagation in Multi-Mode Random Media. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA
An edited book
Babiloni F (2005) Neuroeconomia, Neuromarketing e Processi Decisionali: Le evidenze di un test di memorizzazione condotto per la prima volta in Italia. Princeton Archit. Press, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Chu L-Y, Xie R, Ju X-J, Wang W (2013) Functional Membranes with Thermo-responsive Hydrogel Gates. In: Xie R, Ju X-J, Wang W (eds) Smart Hydrogel Functional Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 111–133

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Geochemistry.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Enormous Magma Chamber Discovered Deep Below Yellowstone. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Aviation Assistance: Compensation Criteria and Payment Equity under the Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuomo AP (2013) SB 48 and social media: Constituing an audience for and against California’s LGBT education legislation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved J (2017) In Brooklyn, a Hunt For the Perfect Fit. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondrashov 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Stewart and Cohen 2000; Kondrashov 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stewart and Cohen 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Womelsdorf et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Geochemistry
ISSN (print)1000-9426
ISSN (online)1993-0364

Other styles