How to format your references using the International Journal of Retina and Vitreous citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Retina and Vitreous. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kulmala M. Atmospheric chemistry: China’s choking cocktail. Nature. 2015;526:497–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Weitzer S, Martinez J. The human RNA kinase hClp1 is active on 3’ transfer RNA exons and short interfering RNAs. Nature. 2007;447:222–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hahnloser RHR, Kozhevnikov AA, Fee MS. An ultra-sparse code underlies the generation of neural sequences in a songbird. Nature. 2002;419:65–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schultz T, Samoylova E, Radloff W, Hertel IV, Sobolewski AL, Domcke W. Efficient deactivation of a model base pair via excited-state hydrogen transfer. Science. 2004;306:1765–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Johnson JL. Probability and Statistics for Computer Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1997.
An edited book
1. Hülsenberg D. Microstructuring of Glasses. Harnisch A, Bismarck A, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Boţ RI, Grad S-M, Wanka G. Conjugate vector duality via scalarization. In: Grad S-M, Wanka G, editors. Duality in Vector Optimization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 123–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Retina and Vitreous.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Crop Records Reveal Madagascar And Comoros Were Settled From Southeast Asia. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Charter Schools: Oversight Practices in the District of Columbia. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 May. Report No.: GAO-05-490.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tromp M. Bayesian monitoring of clinical trials: Examples using conjugate priors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Offering Fresh Weapons Against Test Anxiety. New York Times. 2008 Jan 20;LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Retina and Vitreous
AbbreviationInt. J. Retina Vitreous
ISSN (online)2056-9920
Scope

Other styles