How to format your references using the International Journal of Retina and Vitreous citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Retina and Vitreous. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Goldstein L. US election: Know your representatives. Nature. 2012;489:494–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zampieri N, Chao MV. Structural biology. The p75 NGF receptor exposed. Science. 2004;304:833–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kah LC, Lyons TW, Frank TD. Low marine sulphate and protracted oxygenation of the Proterozoic biosphere. Nature. 2004;431:834–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bernard A, Lécuyer C, Vincent P, Amiot R, Bardet N, Buffetaut E, et al. Regulation of body temperature by some Mesozoic marine reptiles. Science. 2010;328:1379–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. American Counseling Association. The ACA Encyclopedia of Counseling. Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association; 2015.
An edited book
1. Kapucu N, Liou KT, editors. Disaster and Development: Examining Global Issues and Cases. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Diong ML, Bas P, Pelle C, Sawaya W. Document Authentication Using 2D Codes: Maximizing the Decoding Performance Using Statistical Inference. In: Decker BD, Chadwick DW, editors. Communications and Multimedia Security: 13th IFIP TC 6/TC 11 International Conference, CMS 2012, Canterbury, UK, September 3-5, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 39–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Retina and Vitreous.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. This Is What Viper Venom Does To Blood [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/what-does-viper-venom-do-blood/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: Education’s Data Improvement Efforts Could Strengthen the Basis for Distributing Title III Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Dec. Report No.: GAO-07-140.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kim H. Prediction and Elimination of Galling in Forming Galvanized Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Ask for a Taco, Not For Lucinda. New York Times. 2008 May 18;NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Retina and Vitreous
AbbreviationInt. J. Retina Vitreous
ISSN (online)2056-9920
Scope

Other styles