How to format your references using the International Journal of Retina and Vitreous citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Retina and Vitreous. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Whiten A. Animal behaviour: Incipient tradition in wild chimpanzees. Nature. 2014;514:178–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pawson T, Nash P. Assembly of cell regulatory systems through protein interaction domains. Science. 2003;300:445–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. von Caemmerer S, Quick WP, Furbank RT. The development of C₄rice: current progress and future challenges. Science. 2012;336:1671–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Huang L-C, Pan X, Yang H, Wan LKD, Stewart-Jones G, Dorrell L, et al. Linking genotype to phenotype on beads: high throughput selection of peptides with biological function. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3030.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bannwarth H. Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps, Compressors and Systems. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Hendriks CLL, Borgefors G, Strand R, editors. Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Signal and Image Processing: 11th International Symposium, ISMM 2013, Uppsala, Sweden, May 27-29, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Im SH, Huang R. Morphological Instability and Kinetics of an Elastic Film on a Viscoelastic Layer. In: Sun QP, Tong P, editors. IUTAM Symposium on Size Effects on Material and Structural Behavior at Micron- and Nano-Scales: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Hong Kong, China, 31 May–4 June, 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Retina and Vitreous.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. This Crowdfunding Project Lets You Edit DNA From In Own Home [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/crowdfunding-project-wants-you-edit-dna-your-home0/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Sep. Report No.: GAO-16-659SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lanza KM. The antecedents of automotive brand loyalty and repurchase intentions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. BP’s Deal With TNK Is Approved By Russia. New York Times. 2003 Aug 27;W1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Retina and Vitreous
AbbreviationInt. J. Retina Vitreous
ISSN (online)2056-9920
Scope

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