How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Denrell, J. (2008). Sociology. Indirect social influence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5885), 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
García-Bellido, D. C., & Collins, D. H. (2004). Moulting arthropod caught in the act. Nature, 429(6987), 40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Insel, T. R., Landis, S. C., & Collins, F. S. (2013). Research priorities. The NIH BRAIN Initiative. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 687–688.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Haile, S. M., Boysen, D. A., Chisholm, C. R., & Merle, R. B. (2001). Solid acids as fuel cell electrolytes. Nature, 410(6831), 910–913.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stack, T., Ostrom, L. T., & Wilhelmsen, C. A. (2016). Occupational Ergonomics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Astola, J. T. (2006). Fundamentals of Switching Theory and Logic Design: A Hands on Approach. (R. S. Stanković, Ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Pedreschi, D., Bonchi, F., Turini, F., Verykios, V. S., Atzori, M., Malin, B., … Saygin, Y. (2008). Privacy Protection: Regulations and Technologies, Opportunities and Threats. In F. Giannotti & D. Pedreschi (Eds.), Mobility, Data Mining and Privacy: Geographic Knowledge Discovery (pp. 101–119). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 20). After Rosetta, Japanese Mission Aims For An Asteroid In Search of Origins of Earth’s Water. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Intellectual Property: Comparison of Patent Examination Statistics for Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (No. RCED-97-58). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warrick, A. D. (2017). “Deep” South: Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, and Environmental Knowledge, 1800-1974 (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, March 17). Mexico Official Resigns. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Denrell, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Denrell, 2008; García-Bellido & Collins, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (García-Bellido & Collins, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Insel, Landis, & Collins, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Haile, Boysen, Chisholm, & Merle, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Marketing
AbbreviationInt. J. Res. Mark.
ISSN (print)0167-8116

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