How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cornet, F. H. (2015). SEISMOLOGY. Earthquakes induced by fluid injections. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1204–1205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watson, A. J. A., & Williams, J. M. J. (2010). Chemistry. The give and take of alcohol activation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5992), 635–636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Y. C., Cheng, T. H., & Gartenberg, M. R. (2001). Establishment of transcriptional silencing in the absence of DNA replication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 650–653.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Daqing, L., Yinan, J., Rui, K., & Havlin, S. (2014). Spatial correlation analysis of cascading failures: congestions and blackouts. Scientific Reports, 4, 5381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Worth, S. M. (2010). The Association Guide to Going Global. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chinchuluun, A., Pardalos, P. M., Migdalas, A., & Pitsoulis, L. (Eds.). (2008). Pareto Optimality, Game Theory And Equilibria (Vol. 17). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Prandtstetter, M., Ritzinger, U., Schmidt, P., & Ruthmair, M. (2015). A Variable Neighborhood Search Approach for the Interdependent Lock Scheduling Problem. In G. Ochoa & F. Chicano (Eds.), Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 15th European Conference, EvoCOP 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark, April 8-10, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 36–47). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 28). California’s Water Paradox: Why Enough Will Never Be Enough. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Ineffective Planning and Oversight Practices Underscore the Need for Improved Contract Management (GAO-14-694). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cortez, A. (2017). Life Is A Highway: Finding Your Way and Finding the Words [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, April 1). Minaya Still Watches the Mets, Who Failed on His Watch. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cornet, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cornet, 2015; Watson & Williams, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watson & Williams, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Daqing et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Marketing
AbbreviationInt. J. Res. Mark.
ISSN (print)0167-8116

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