How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White, J. W. C. (2004). Paleoclimate. Do I hear a million? Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5677), 1609–1610.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, G.-W., & Xie, X. S. (2011). Central dogma at the single-molecule level in living cells. Nature, 475(7356), 308–315.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rome, L. C., Flynn, L., & Yoo, T. D. (2006). Biomechanics: rubber bands reduce the cost of carrying loads. Nature, 444(7122), 1023–1024.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Quattrocchi, C. C., Huang, C., Niu, S., Sheldon, M., Benhayon, D., Cartwright, J., Jr, … D’Arcangelo, G. (2003). Reelin promotes peripheral synapse elimination and maturation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5633), 649–653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jaitly, R. (2016). Practical Operational Due Diligence on Hedge Funds. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fiedler, M. (2006). Linear Optimization Problems with Inexact Data. (J. Nedoma, J. Ramík, J. Rohn, & K. Zimmermann, Eds.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Abel, A., Coquand, T., & Dybjer, P. (2008). Verifying a Semantic βη-Conversion Test for Martin-Löf Type Theory. In P. Audebaud & C. Paulin-Mohring (Eds.), Mathematics of Program Construction: 9th International Conference, MPC 2008, Marseille, France, July 15-18, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 29–56). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 5). Stories From The Sky: Astronomy In Indigenous Knowledge. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Medicare Transaction System: Success Depends Upon Correcting Critical Managerial and Technical Weaknesses (No. AIMD-97-78). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wetherington, J. M. (2010). The relationship between learning organization dimensions and performance in the nonprofit sector (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. (2016, February 7). Educator Recounts ‘Painful Experience’ of Halloween Email Furor at Yale. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Costandi, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson, 2001; Claeys, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li & Xie, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Rome, Flynn, & Yoo, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Horie et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Marketing
AbbreviationInt. J. Res. Mark.
ISSN (print)0167-8116

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