How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coste, B. (2012). Eppendorf finalist. The cellular feeling of pressure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maillard, I., & Saltiel, A. R. (2015). Metabolism: Inflammation keeps old mice healthy. Nature, 528(7580), 44–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas, P., Liu, M. C., & Matthews, B. C. (2004). Discovery of a large dust disk around the nearby star AU Microscopii. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1990–1992.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Monson, R. K., Lipson, D. L., Burns, S. P., Turnipseed, A. A., Delany, A. C., Williams, M. W., & Schmidt, S. K. (2006). Winter forest soil respiration controlled by climate and microbial community composition. Nature, 439(7077), 711–714.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, E., & Noppe-Brandon, S. (2011). Imagination First. Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Perenzoni, M., & Paul, D. J. (Eds.). (2014). Physics and Applications of Terahertz Radiation (Vol. 173). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Murphy, S. E., & von Weymarn, L. B. (2008). Mechanism-Based Inactivation of Cytochrome P450 2A and 2B Enzymes. In A. Elfarra (Ed.), Advances in Bioactivation Research (pp. 1–29). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, April 21). This Is What Anti-Vaxxers Sound Like To Normal People. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Education Programs: Major Issues Affecting Postsecondary Education, School-to-Work, and Youth Employment Programs (HEHS-97-212R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cappiello, D. M. (2010). Minding the gap: Western export controls and soviet technology policy during the 1960s [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E., & Kishkovsky, S. (2012, March 5). Russian Turnout Includes Thousands of Eager Election Observers. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coste, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Coste, 2012; Maillard & Saltiel, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maillard & Saltiel, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Kalas et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Monson et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Marketing
AbbreviationInt. J. Res. Mark.
ISSN (print)0167-8116

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