How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crowe, J. E., Jr. (2013). Immunology. Crowdsourcing immunity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 692–693.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levy-Lahad, E., & Plon, S. E. (2003). Cancer. A risky business--assessing breast cancer risk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 574–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, D. L., Brewster, R. C., & Phillips, R. (2014). Promoter architecture dictates cell-to-cell variability in gene expression. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1533–1536.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, X. L., Kuznetsov, A. E., Zhang, H. F., Boldyrev, A. I., & Wang, L. S. (2001). Observation of all-metal aromatic molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5505), 859–861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yin, G. (2011). Clinical Trial Design: Bayesian and Frequentist Adaptive Methods. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
István, F., Bitó, J., & Bakki, P. (Eds.). (2008). Advances in Mobile and Wireless Communications: Views of the 16th IST Mobile and Wireless Communication Summit (Vol. 16). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chu, H., Wang, J.-J., & Spearman, P. (2009). Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 Gag and Host Vesicular Trafficking Pathways. In P. Spearman & E. O. Freed (Eds.), HIV Interactions with Host Cell Proteins (pp. 67–84). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Marketing.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 12). Virus Uses Stolen DNA From Black Widow Spider Venom. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Factors Affecting Concentration in the Airline Industry (T-RCED-88-65). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valencia, G. M. (2015). A Phenomenological Study of Adults Earning a Graduate Degree after Age 60 [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, September 11). A Collision at the Plate Shakes Up Flores and Leaves the Mets Reeling. New York Times, SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crowe, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Crowe, 2013; Levy-Lahad & Plon, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levy-Lahad & Plon, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Jones et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Marketing
AbbreviationInt. J. Res. Mark.
ISSN (print)0167-8116

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