How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buratowski, S. (2012). Gene expression: transcription initiation unwrapped. Nature, 483(7389), 286–287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Andersson, A. F., & Banfield, J. F. (2008). Virus population dynamics and acquired virus resistance in natural microbial communities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5879), 1047–1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pocock, M. J. O., Evans, D. M., & Memmott, J. (2012). The robustness and restoration of a network of ecological networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6071), 973–977.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Marscher, A. P., Jorstad, S. G., Gómez, J.-L., Aller, M. F., Teräsranta, H., Lister, M. L., & Stirling, A. M. (2002). Observational evidence for the accretion-disk origin for a radio jet in an active galaxy. Nature, 417(6889), 625–627.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, J. (2004). Telecosmos. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wu, T.-T., & Ma, C.-C. (Eds.). (2010). IUTAM Symposium on Recent Advances of Acoustic Waves in Solids: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Recent Advances of Acoustic Waves in Solids, Taipei, Taiwan, May 25-28, 2009 (Vol. 26). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bergman, D., & Hooker, J. N. (2012). Graph Coloring Facets from All-Different Systems. In N. Beldiceanu, N. Jussien, & É. Pinson (Eds.), Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Contraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimzation Problems: 9th International Conference, CPAIOR 2012, Nantes, France, May 28 – June1, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 50–65). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Marketing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 28). Naked Penguin Gets A New Wetsuit For Winter. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Guide for Evaluating Automated Systems (095106). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wylie, R. W. (2017). Response to Intervention: A Study of Intervention Programs in Rural Secondary Schools [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, October 7). 27 Years After Protest, a Victory Lap for Saudi Women. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buratowski, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Andersson & Banfield, 2008; Buratowski, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Andersson & Banfield, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Pocock et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Marscher et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Marketing
AbbreviationInt. J. Res. Mark.
ISSN (print)0167-8116

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