How to format your references using the International Journal of Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lupp, Claudia. 2009. “Microbial Oceanography.” Nature 459 (7244): 179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gestwicki, Jason E., and Laura L. Kiessling. 2002. “Inter-Receptor Communication through Arrays of Bacterial Chemoreceptors.” Nature 415 (6867): 81–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Efferson, Charles, Rafael Lalive, and Ernst Fehr. 2008. “The Coevolution of Cultural Groups and Ingroup Favoritism.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5897): 1844–1849.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shafiee, Hadi, Erich A. Lidstone, Muntasir Jahangir, Fatih Inci, Emily Hanhauser, Timothy J. Henrich, Daniel R. Kuritzkes, Brian T. Cunningham, and Utkan Demirci. 2014. “Nanostructured Optical Photonic Crystal Biosensor for HIV Viral Load Measurement.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maini, Anil K., and Varsha Agrawal. 2006. Satellite Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Abrahamsson, Pekka, and Nilay Oza, eds. 2010. Lean Enterprise Software and Systems: First International Conference, LESS 2010, Helsinki, Finland, October 17-20, 2010. Proceedings. Vol. 65. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ji, Yubin, Zhongyuan Qu, Wenlan Li, Changru Xu, and Xingjie Zhu. 2012. “Study on the Screening for Chloronitrobenzene: Degrading Bacteria and Degradation of Chloronitrobenzene.” In Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering, edited by Egui Zhu and Sabo Sambath, 23–29. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. “The 5p Carrier Bag Charge Has Paved The Way For Other Waste Reduction Policies.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. NASA Procurement: Use of Award Fees for Achieving Program Outcomes Should Be Improved. GAO-07-58. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blandin, Nanette M. 2008. “Re-Conceptualizing Leadership for an Era of Complexity and Uncertainty: A Case Study of Leadership in a Complex Adaptive System.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2007. “Board Renewing Searches By Trained Dogs at School.” New York Times, February 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lupp 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lupp 2009; Gestwicki and Kiessling 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gestwicki and Kiessling 2002)
  • Three authors: (Efferson, Lalive, and Fehr 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shafiee et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
AbbreviationInt. J. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0143-1161
ISSN (online)1366-5901
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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