How to format your references using the International Journal of Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reiffel, L. 2000. “Sagan Breached Security by Revealing US Work on a Lunar Bomb Project.” Nature 405 (6782): 13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dekel, Erez, and Uri Alon. 2005. “Optimality and Evolutionary Tuning of the Expression Level of a Protein.” Nature 436 (7050): 588–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Binshtok, Alexander M., Bruce P. Bean, and Clifford J. Woolf. 2007. “Inhibition of Nociceptors by TRPV1-Mediated Entry of Impermeant Sodium Channel Blockers.” Nature 449 (7162): 607–610.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Beddington, John, Cary L. Cooper, John Field, Usha Goswami, Felicia A. Huppert, Rachel Jenkins, Hannah S. Jones, Tom B. L. Kirkwood, Barbara J. Sahakian, and Sandy M. Thomas. 2008. “The Mental Wealth of Nations.” Nature 455 (7216): 1057–1060.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akcoglu, Mustafa A., Paul F. A. Bartha, and Dzung M. Ha. 2009. Analysis in Vector Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shimjith, S. R. 2013. Modeling and Control of a Large Nuclear Reactor: A Three-Time-Scale Approach. Edited by A. P. Tiwari and B. Bandyopadhyay. Vol. 431. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Girejko, Ewa, Ewa Pawłuszewicz, and Małgorzata Wyrwas. 2016. “The Z-Transform Method for Sequential Fractional Difference Operators.” In Theoretical Developments and Applications of Non-Integer Order Systems: 7th Conference on Non-Integer Order Calculus and Its Applications, Szczecin, Poland, edited by Stefan Domek and Paweł Dworak, 57–67. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Meteorite Challenges Theories of Asteroid Formation.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Federal Judicial Space Follow-Up. GGD-94-135R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shrank, Stephen M. 2017. “ShareOne: An IOS Resource Application for Caseworkers: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Mets’ Leadoff Hitter Technically Is Not Missing, but His Bat Has Vanished.” New York Times, April 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reiffel 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Reiffel 2000; Dekel and Alon 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dekel and Alon 2005)
  • Three authors: (Binshtok, Bean, and Woolf 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Beddington et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
AbbreviationInt. J. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0143-1161
ISSN (online)1366-5901
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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