How to format your references using the International Journal of Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Randolph, Gwendalyn J. 2011. “Immunology. No Need to Coax Monocytes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6035): 1268–1269.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinberger, Bernhard, and Trond H. Torsvik. 2008. “Absolute Plate Motions and True Polar Wander in the Absence of Hotspot Tracks.” Nature 452 (7187): 620–623.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Horn, Russell C., Heather E. Watts, and Kay E. Holekamp. 2008. “Do Female Hyaenas Choose Mates Based on Tenure?” Nature 454 (7201): E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rosa, Eugene A., Seth P. Tuler, Baruch Fischhoff, Thomas Webler, Sharon M. Friedman, Richard E. Sclove, Kristin Shrader-Frechette, et al. 2010. “Nuclear Waste: Knowledge Waste?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5993): 762–763.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Courant, R., and E. J. McShane. 1988. Differential and Integral Calculus. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pillai, Prashant, Rajeev Shorey, and Erina Ferro, eds. 2013. Personal Satellite Services: 4th International ICST Conference, PSATS 2012, Bradford, UK, March 22-23, 2012. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 52. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Patil, Arun S., and Ajith Abraham. 2010. “Intelligent and Interactive Web-Based Tutoring System in Engineering Education: Reviews, Perspectives and Development.” In Computational Intelligence for Technology Enhanced Learning, edited by Fatos Xhafa, Santi Caballé, Ajith Abraham, Thanasis Daradoumis, and Angel Alejandro Juan Perez, 79–97. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2015. “Hubble Snaps Picture Of Some Of The Earliest Known Galaxies.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Space Acquisitions: Committing Prematurely to the Transformational Satellite Program Elevates Risks for Poor Cost, Schedule, and Performance Outcomes. GAO-04-71R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, Bryann Renee. 2012. “Schizophrenia-Spectrum Behavior and Peer Responses to Individuals with Social Anhedonia.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen, Tyler. 2015. “Signs of a Shakier New Normal.” New York Times, May 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weinberger 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Yarus 2011; Southwell 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinberger and Torsvik 2008)
  • Three authors: (Van Horn, Watts, and Holekamp 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kleine et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
AbbreviationInt. J. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0143-1161
ISSN (online)1366-5901
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

Other styles