How to format your references using the International Journal of Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller, R. J. Dwayne. 2014. “Femtosecond Crystallography with Ultrabright Electrons and X-Rays: Capturing Chemistry in Action.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6175): 1108–1116.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiner, Steve, and Lia Addadi. 2002. “Biomineralization. At the Cutting Edge.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5592): 375–376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barwick, Brett, David J. Flannigan, and Ahmed H. Zewail. 2009. “Photon-Induced near-Field Electron Microscopy.” Nature 462 (7275): 902–906.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Moon, Sungyoon, Dohyun Han, Yikwon Kim, Jonghwa Jin, Won-Kyung Ho, and Youngsoo Kim. 2014. “Interactome Analysis of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK)-Α1 and -Β1 in INS-1 Pancreatic Beta-Cells by Affinity Purification-Mass Spectrometry.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Martini, Daniele. 2013. Success Probability Estimation with Applications to Clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vuyst, Paul De, and Pierre Alain Gevenois, eds. 2006. Imaging of Occupational and Environmental Disorders of the Chest. Medical Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kangas, Annika. 2006. “Mensurational Aspects.” In Forest Inventory: Methodology and Applications, edited by Annika Kangas and Matti Maltamo, 53–63. Managing Forest Ecosystems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2017. “San Francisco Biohackers Are Wearing Implants Made For Diabetes In The Pursuit Of ‘Human Enhancement.’” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Airport Funding: Changes in Aviation Activity Are Reflected in Reduced Capacity Concerns. GAO-15-498T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hammarsten, Carl. 2015. “Decorated Heegaard Diagrams and Combinatorial Heegaard Floer Homology.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Grynbaum, Michael M. 2017. “3 CNN Journalists Quit After Story Is Pulled.” New York Times, June 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Miller 2014; Weiner and Addadi 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiner and Addadi 2002)
  • Three authors: (Barwick, Flannigan, and Zewail 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Moon et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
AbbreviationInt. J. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0143-1161
ISSN (online)1366-5901
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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