How to format your references using the International Journal of Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fryzuk, Michael D. 2013. “Chemistry. More Can Be Better in N2 Activation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6140): 1530–1531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barrangou, Rodolphe, and Todd R. Klaenhammer. 2014. “Microbiology: Bacteria Get Vaccinated.” Nature 513 (7517): 175–176.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coussens, Lisa M., Barbara Fingleton, and Lynn M. Matrisian. 2002. “Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors and Cancer: Trials and Tribulations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5564): 2387–2392.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kulp, T. R., S. E. Hoeft, M. Asao, M. T. Madigan, J. T. Hollibaugh, J. C. Fisher, J. F. Stolz, C. W. Culbertson, L. G. Miller, and R. S. Oremland. 2008. “Arsenic(III) Fuels Anoxygenic Photosynthesis in Hot Spring Biofilms from Mono Lake, California.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5891): 967–970.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, Franklin B. 2015. Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kemmis, Stephen. 2014. Changing Practices, Changing Education. Edited by Jane Wilkinson, Christine Edwards-Groves, Ian Hardy, Peter Grootenboer, and Laurette Bristol. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boutellier, Roman, and Mareike Heinzen. 2014. “Technology Speed and Substitution.” In Growth Through Innovation: Managing the Technology-Driven Enterprise, edited by Mareike Heinzen, 47–58. Management for Professionals. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Bizarre Bulge Spotted On Ganymede.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Public Transit: Observations on Recent Changes to the Capital Investment Grant Program. GAO-16-495. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mannar, Narayanan K. 2017. “Hri-Tech Consultants, LLC.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, Susan M. 2013. “Local Bakeries Prepare for Holiday Overdrive.” New York Times, November 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fryzuk 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fryzuk 2013; Barrangou and Klaenhammer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barrangou and Klaenhammer 2014)
  • Three authors: (Coussens, Fingleton, and Matrisian 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kulp et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
AbbreviationInt. J. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0143-1161
ISSN (online)1366-5901
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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