How to format your references using the International Journal of Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, Robert F. 2006. “American Chemical Society Meeting. Snapshots from the Meeting.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5796): 47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Livneh, Uri, and Anthony Zador. 2014. “Sensory Systems: Sound Processing Takes Motor Control.” Nature 513 (7517): 180–181.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, So-Jung, T. Andrew Taton, and Chad A. Mirkin. 2002. “Array-Based Electrical Detection of DNA with Nanoparticle Probes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5559): 1503–1506.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sato, Katsufumi, Kagari Aoki, Yuuki Y. Watanabe, and Patrick J. O. Miller. 2013. “Neutral Buoyancy Is Optimal to Minimize the Cost of Transport in Horizontally Swimming Seals.” Scientific Reports 3: 2205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henriksen, Richard N. 2015. Scale Invariance. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Schillat, Monika. 2016. Tourism in Antarctica: A Multidisciplinary View of New Activities Carried Out on the White Continent. Edited by Marie Jensen, Marisol Vereda, Rodolfo A. Sánchez, and Ricardo Roura. SpringerBriefs in Geography. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pedamallu, Chandra Sekhar, Linet Özdamar, and Tibor Csendes. 2007. “An Interval Partitioning Approach for Continuous Constrained Optimization.” In Models and Algorithms for Global Optimization: Essays Dedicated to Antanas Žilinskas on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, edited by Aimo Törn and Julius Žilinskas, 73–96. Optimization and Its Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “The Sky Is Alive With The Sound Of Stars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Agriculture ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. IMTEC-90-62FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bogenreif, Connor. 2017. “Rachmaninoff’s Sonata For Cello and Piano: A Staple in the Cello and Piano Repertoire.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2012. “In Hockey, Game 7 Is Different.” New York Times, April 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Service 2006; Livneh and Zador 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Livneh and Zador 2014)
  • Three authors: (Park, Taton, and Mirkin 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sato et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
AbbreviationInt. J. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0143-1161
ISSN (online)1366-5901
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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