How to format your references using the International Journal of Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reif, John H. 2002. “Computing. Successes and Challenges.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5567): 478–479.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arthur, Ronan, and Jared Diamond. 2011. “Geography. Understanding Tribal Fates.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6058): 911–912.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Kihoon, Yu Zhang, and Sang Eun Lee. 2008. “Saccharomyces Cerevisiae ATM Orthologue Suppresses Break-Induced Chromosome Translocations.” Nature 454 (7203): 543–546.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gao, Feng, Xue-Mei Zhang, Long Cui, Ke Deng, Qing-Dao Zeng, and Jing-Lin Zuo. 2014. “Tetrathiafulvalene-Supported Triple-Decker Phthalocyaninato Dysprosium(III) Complex: Synthesis, Properties and Surface Assembly.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 5928.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fjeld, Robert A., Norman A. Eisenberg, and Keith L. Compton. 2007. Quantitative Environmental Risk Analysis for Human Health. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fraser-Reid, Bertram O., Kuniaki Tatsuta, and Joachim Thiem, eds. 2008. Glycoscience: Chemistry and Chemical Biology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Amaldi, Edoardo. 2012. “Fritz’s First Marriage.” In The Adventurous Life of Friedrich Georg Houtermans, Physicist (1903-1966), edited by Saverio Braccini, Antonio Ereditato, and Paola Scampoli, 23–25. SpringerBriefs in Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Six Human Parasites You Definitely Don’t Want to Host.” IFLScience. IFLScience.’t-want-host/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Problems Found With Government Acquisition and Use of Computers From November 1965 to December 1976. FGMSD-77-14. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Einziger, Hillary. 2010. “Incidence Hopf Algebras: Antipodes, Forest Formulas, and Noncrossing Partitions.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2002. “World Briefing | Europe: Latvia: Language Law Dropped.” New York Times, May 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reif 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Reif 2002; Arthur and Diamond 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arthur and Diamond 2011)
  • Three authors: (Lee, Zhang, and Lee 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
AbbreviationInt. J. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0143-1161
ISSN (online)1366-5901
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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