How to format your references using the International Journal of Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Price, Rebecca M. 2012. “IBI* Series Winner. How We Got Here: An Inquiry-Based Activity about Human Evolution.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6114): 1554–1555.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giessen, Harald, and Ralf Vogelgesang. 2009. “Physics. Glimpsing the Weak Magnetic Field of Light.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5952): 529–530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshimura, Kazuya, Yuichi Onda, and Takehiko Fukushima. 2014. “Sediment Particle Size and Initial Radiocesium Accumulation in Ponds Following the Fukushima DNPP Accident.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4514.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Moffitt, Jeffrey R., Dhananjay Bambah-Mukku, Stephen W. Eichhorn, Eric Vaughn, Karthik Shekhar, Julio D. Perez, Nimrod D. Rubinstein, et al. 2018. “Molecular, Spatial, and Functional Single-Cell Profiling of the Hypothalamic Preoptic Region.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 362 (6416).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Decreusefond, Laurent, and Pascal Moyal. 2012. Stochastic Modeling and Analysis of Telecom Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
de Bruijn, Hans. 2010. Process Management: Why Project Management Fails in Complex Decision Making Processes. Edited by Ernst ten Heuvelhof and Roel in ’t Veld. Second Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mann, B. P. 2013. “Broadband Energy Harvesting from a Bistable Potential Well.” In Advances in Energy Harvesting Methods, edited by Niell Elvin and Alper Erturk, 91–115. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Earliest Stars 150 Million Years Older Than Previously Believed.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Head Start: Information on Sponsoring Organizations and Center Facilities. HRD-89-123FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olanisa, Eronmwon Linda. 2012. “Mental Health Issues and Use of Health Care Services among Older Immigrant Women in California.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
The following scouting report on the Oakland Athletics was prepared by Tom Kelly, The Manager of The, and with the editorial assistance of Michael Martinez. 1988. “This Team Flattens Opponents.” New York Times, October 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Price 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Price 2012; Giessen and Vogelgesang 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giessen and Vogelgesang 2009)
  • Three authors: (Yoshimura, Onda, and Fukushima 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Moffitt et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Remote Sensing
AbbreviationInt. J. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0143-1161
ISSN (online)1366-5901
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

Other styles