How to format your references using the European Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ratner M. Pushing electrons around. Nature 2000;404:137–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ciufolini I, Pavlis EC. A confirmation of the general relativistic prediction of the Lense-Thirring effect. Nature 2004;431:958–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lu J, Li W-H, Wu C-I. Comment on “Chromosomal speciation and molecular divergence-accelerated evolution in rearranged chromosomes.” Science 2003;302:988; author reply 988.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kam T-I, Mao X, Park H, Chou S-C, Karuppagounder SS, Umanah GE, et al. Poly(ADP-ribose) drives pathologic α-synuclein neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s disease. Science 2018;362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Jaffe J. Flip the Funnel. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Alexandrino MM. Lie Groups and Geometric Aspects of Isometric Actions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Terhal BM. The Fragility of Quantum Information? In: Dediu A-H, Martín-Vide C, Truthe B, editors. Theory and Practice of Natural Computing: First International Conference, TPNC 2012, Tarragona, Spain, October 2-4, 2012. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Psychiatry.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Men Commit More Violent Crimes When They Are Surrounded By Women, Claims Study. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Undeclared Air Shipments of Dangerous Goods and DOT’s Enforcement Approach. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zaegel BM. An Evaluation of the School-wide Positive Behavior Intervention and Support Check In/Check Out Behavior Education Program. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Cooper M. Listen In, With the Bird Man of Classical. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Psychiatry
AbbreviationEur. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0924-9338
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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