How to format your references using the European Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Zwier TS. Chemistry. Squeezing the water out of HCl(aq). Science 2009;324:1522–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ransohoff RM, Cardona AE. The myeloid cells of the central nervous system parenchyma. Nature 2010;468:253–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zeng G-M, Wu L-A, Xing H-J. Symmetry restoration and quantumness reestablishment. Sci Rep 2014;4:6377.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lanza R, Chung Y, West MD, Campbell KHS. Comment on “Molecular correlates of primate nuclear transfer failures.” Science 2003;301:1482; author reply 1482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Scott DM. World Wide Rave. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Losada DE, Fernández-Luna JM, editors. Advances in Information Retrieval: 27th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2005, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, March 21-23, 2005. Proceedings. vol. 3408. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Messie D, Oh JC. SWARMs of Self-Organizing Polymorphic Agents. In: Nedjah N, Mourelle L de M, editors. Swarm Intelligent Systems, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Psychiatry.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Huge Solar Storm Produces Spectacular Northern Lights. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-highlights-yesterdays-northern-lights/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Stafford Student Loans: Prompt Payment of Origination Fees Could Reduce Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Sahebjame M. Marriage: An authentic Iranian experience of the modern. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. Reviving a Snow Globe Town and Its Comfortable Nostalgia. New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Psychiatry
AbbreviationEur. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0924-9338
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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