How to format your references using the European Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pirandola S. Quantum discord as a resource for quantum cryptography. Sci Rep 2014;4:6956.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Billinge SJL, Levin I. The problem with determining atomic structure at the nanoscale. Science 2007;316:561–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Jia CL, Lentzen M, Urban K. Atomic-resolution imaging of oxygen in perovskite ceramics. Science 2003;299:870–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Haferkamp I, Schmitz-Esser S, Linka N, Urbany C, Collingro A, Wagner M, et al. A candidate NAD+ transporter in an intracellular bacterial symbiont related to Chlamydiae. Nature 2004;432:622–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Soustelle M. Handbook of Heterogenous Kinetics. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Ijioui R, Emmerich H, Ceyp M, editors. Strategies and Tactics in Supply Chain Event Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Soslow RA, Oliva E. Uterine Cancer. In: Oliva E, Muggia F, editors. Uterine Cancer: Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009, p. 51–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Psychiatry.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Health Check: How Much Salt Is OK To Eat? IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/health-check-how-much-salt-is-okay-to-eat/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Justice ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
LeBlanc DC. The relationship between Information Technology project manager personality type and project success. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. Feeling Free of All Ties. New York Times 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Psychiatry
AbbreviationEur. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0924-9338
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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