How to format your references using the European Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler A. ASIAN-AMERICAN SCIENTISTS: New Breed of Protester Asks: Why Not Us? Science 2000;290:1075.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reppert SM, Weaver DR. Coordination of circadian timing in mammals. Nature 2002;418:935–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rafkin SCR, Sta Maria MRV, Michaels TI. Simulation of the atmospheric thermal circulation of a martian volcano using a mesoscale numerical model. Nature 2002;419:697–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu Z, Jiang H-C, Sheng DN, Weng Z-Y. Nature of strong hole pairing in doped Mott antiferromagnets. Sci Rep 2014;4:5419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troppens U, Erkens R, Müller W. Storage Networks Explained. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
O’Donohue WT, James L, editors. The Primary Care Toolkit: Practical Resources for the Integrated Behavioral Care Provider. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Forestier G, Wemmert C, Gançarski P. Collaborative Multi-Strategical Clustering for Object-Oriented Image Analysis. In: Okun O, Valentini G, editors. Supervised and Unsupervised Ensemble Methods and their Applications, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew E. Flexible Film May Be Next Big Thing In Energy Production. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Superconducting Super Collider’s Total Estimated Cost Will Exceed $11 Billion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wei C-S. Towards Brain Decoding for Real-World Drowsiness Detection. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crane AT, Hay G, Larsen PT. Mortgage Market Due for Overhaul. New York Times 2011:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Psychiatry
AbbreviationEur. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0924-9338
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles