How to format your references using the International Journal of Rail Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Rail Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ball P. Chemistry: Why synthesize? Nature. 2015;528:327–329.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Carmeliet P, Jain RK. Angiogenesis in cancer and other diseases. Nature. 2000;407:249–257.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Scatena LF, Brown MG, Richmond GL. Water at hydrophobic surfaces: weak hydrogen bonding and strong orientation effects. Science. 2001;292:908–912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Sun Y, Zhou G, Gui T, et al. Elevated serum 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 level attenuates renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction in kl/kl mice. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dickeson RC. Prioritizing Academic Programs and Services. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Masferrer A, editor. Post 9/11 and the State of Permanent Legal Emergency: Security and Human Rights in Countering Terrorism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Obukhovskii V, Zecca P, Van Loi N, et al. Second-Order Differential Inclusions. In: Zecca P, Van Loi N, Kornev S, editors. Method of Guiding Functions in Problems of Nonlinear Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 105–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Rail Transportation.

Blog post
[1]
Evans K. Scientists Have Invented A Smartphone-Screen Material Designed To Repair Its Own Scratches [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-have-invented-a-smartphonescreen-material-designed-to-repair-its-own-scratches/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. NASA Procurement: Approach to Sharing Risk Under Certain Research and Development Contracts Is Starting to Change. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992. Report No.: T-NSIAD-92-12. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zanjani F. Leadership and decision making of successful Iranian American [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. Workout Not Required. New York Times. 2016 Nov 10;F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Rail Transportation
AbbreviationInt. J. Rail Transp.
ISSN (print)2324-8378
ISSN (online)2324-8386
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Transportation

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