How to format your references using the International Journal of Rail Transportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Rail Transportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Russo E. Victims of success. Nature. 2003;422:354–355.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Joron M, Brakefield PM. Captivity masks inbreeding effects on male mating success in butterflies. Nature. 2003;424:191–194.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Samet JM, DeMarini DM, Malling HV. Biomedicine. Do airborne particles induce heritable mutations? Science. 2004;304:971–972.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Ojha RP, Lemieux P-A, Dixon PK, et al. Statistical mechanics of a gas-fluidized particle. Nature. 2004;427:521–523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Young S, Smith J. Helping Children with ADHD. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Maharatna K, Bonfiglio S, editors. Systems Design for Remote Healthcare. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hamilton D, Zufiaurre B. Mass Schooling, Globalisation and Human Rights. In: Zufiaurre B, editor. Blackboards and Bootstraps: Revisioning Education and Schooling. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014. p. 113–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Rail Transportation.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Sticky Plant Wears Armor of Dead Insects [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sticky-plant-wears-armor-dead-insects/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Aero-Space Plane: Restructuring Future Research and Development Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992. Report No.: NSIAD-93-71. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Stevens W. Using emotional intelligence as a leadership strategy to make good leaders great [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. Baseball and Showbiz in 1924. New York Times. 2014 Oct 3;C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Rail Transportation
AbbreviationInt. J. Rail Transp.
ISSN (print)2324-8378
ISSN (online)2324-8386
ScopeAutomotive Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Transportation

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