How to format your references using the Advances in Health Sciences Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Health Sciences Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller, R. (2012). Developmental biology. Physical biology returns to morphogenesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6104), 201–203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tibbetts, E. A., & Dale, J. (2004). A socially enforced signal of quality in a paper wasp. Nature, 432(7014), 218–222.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sahu, G., Sukumaran, S., & Bera, A. K. (2014). Pannexins form gap junctions with electrophysiological and pharmacological properties distinct from connexins. Scientific reports, 4, 4955.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, W.-L., Watauchi, S., Miller, V. L., Cava, R. J., & Ong, N. P. (2004). Dissipationless anomalous Hall current in the ferromagnetic spinel CuCr2Se4-xBrx. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5664), 1647–1649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Du, D.-Z., & Ko, K.-I. (2014). Theory of Computational Complexity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Elfadel, I. (abe) M., & Fettweis, G. (Eds.). (2016). 3D Stacked Chips: From Emerging Processes to Heterogeneous Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Easter, K. W., & Johansson, R. C. (2006). Effectiveness of Market Approaches to Water Quality Management. In A. K. Biswas, B. Braga, C. Tortajada, & D. J. Rodriguez (Eds.), Water Quality Management in the Americas (pp. 61–78). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Health Sciences Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 6). Mutant Red-Fanged Funnel-Web Spider Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Space Projects: Status and Remaining Challenges of the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (No. NSIAD-92-77). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldgof, G. M. (2017). Drug Target Discovery Using Designer Drug Sensitive Yeast (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, April 29). Scouting Report. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keller 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Keller 2012; Tibbetts and Dale 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tibbetts and Dale 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Health Sciences Education
AbbreviationAdv. Health Sci. Educ. Theory Pract.
ISSN (print)1382-4996
ISSN (online)1573-1677
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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