How to format your references using the Advances in Health Sciences Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Health Sciences Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mastrandrea, M. D. (2010). Obituary: Stephen Henry Schneider (1945-2010). Nature, 466(7309), 933.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siemers, B. M., & Schnitzler, H.-U. (2004). Echolocation signals reflect niche differentiation in five sympatric congeneric bat species. Nature, 429(6992), 657–661.
A journal article with 3 authors
Satoh, N., Nakashima, T., & Yamamoto, K. (2013). Metastability of anatase: size dependent and irreversible anatase-rutile phase transition in atomic-level precise titania. Scientific reports, 3, 1959.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ghorbani-Asl, M., Zibouche, N., Wahiduzzaman, M., Oliveira, A. F., Kuc, A., & Heine, T. (2013). Electromechanics in MoS₂ and WS₂: nanotubes vs. monolayers. Scientific reports, 3, 2961.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, J. M. (2014). Wiley Gaap 2015. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Stickler, B. A. (2016). Basic Concepts in Computational Physics. (E. Schachinger, Ed.) (2nd ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Uluişik, Ç., & Sevgi, L. (2006). Numerical Modeling and Simulation Studies of 2D Propagation over Non-flat Terrain and Through Inhomogeneous Atmosphere. In İ. C. Göknar & L. Sevgi (Eds.), Complex Computing-Networks: Brain-like and Wave-oriented Electrodynamic Algorithms (pp. 45–54). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Health Sciences Education.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 15). Cats Understand Basic Laws Of Physics, According To Study. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Education Block Grant: How Funds Reserved for State Efforts in California and Washington Are Used (No. HRD-86-94). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obeng-Dompreh, S. (2008). The impact of servicemembers’ learning styles and computer anxiety levels on computer -mediated learning (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, June 3). High Talent At Low Prices. New York Times, p. E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mastrandrea 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Mastrandrea 2010; Siemers and Schnitzler 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siemers and Schnitzler 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghorbani-Asl et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Health Sciences Education
AbbreviationAdv. Health Sci. Educ. Theory Pract.
ISSN (print)1382-4996
ISSN (online)1573-1677
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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