How to format your references using the Advances in Health Sciences Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Health Sciences Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Felten, D. L. (2006). IRBs: going too far or not far enough? Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5792), 1388–9; author reply 1388-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, H., & Demarco, I. A. (2010). Immunology. Double TIP-ping. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 914–915.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meeusen, S., McCaffery, J. M., & Nunnari, J. (2004). Mitochondrial fusion intermediates revealed in vitro. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5691), 1747–1752.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goldberg, M., Stucki, M., Falck, J., D’Amours, D., Rahman, D., Pappin, D., et al. (2003). MDC1 is required for the intra-S-phase DNA damage checkpoint. Nature, 421(6926), 952–956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Battu, D. (2014). New Telecom Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kort, Y. de, IJsselsteijn, W., Midden, C., Eggen, B., & Fogg, B. J. (Eds.). (2007). Persuasive Technology: Second International Conference on Persuasive Technology, PERSUASIVE 2007, Palo Alto, CA, USA, April 26-27, 2007, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4744). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Seki, S., Sakurai, T., Omichi, M., Saeki, A., & Sakamaki, D. (2015). Bio-compatible Nanomaterials. In T. Sakurai, M. Omichi, A. Saeki, & D. Sakamaki (Eds.), High-Energy Charged Particles: Their Chemistry and Use as Versatile Tools for Nanofabrication (pp. 27–39). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Health Sciences Education.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 28). Sex And Other Myths About Weight Loss. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Status of Project PISCES (No. LCD-77-319). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skutt, S. (2017). Midlife Metamorphosis: Archetypal Imaginal Psychology in Midlife Rite of Passage (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2014, October 10). Weary of War and Ready to Laugh. New York Times, p. C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Felten 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Felten 2006; Singh and Demarco 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh and Demarco 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Goldberg et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Health Sciences Education
AbbreviationAdv. Health Sci. Educ. Theory Pract.
ISSN (print)1382-4996
ISSN (online)1573-1677
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles