How to format your references using the Advances in Health Sciences Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Health Sciences Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Booth, B. B. (2015). Climate change. Why the Pacific is cool. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6225), 952.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aguzzi, A., & Haass, C. (2003). Games played by rogue proteins in prion disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5646), 814–818.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peiris, J. S. M., Poon, L. L. M., & Guan, Y. (2012). Public health. Surveillance of animal influenza for pandemic preparedness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6073), 1173–1174.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Erwin, G. S., Grieshop, M. P., Ali, A., Qi, J., Lawlor, M., Kumar, D., et al. (2017). Synthetic transcription elongation factors license transcription across repressive chromatin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 358(6370), 1617–1622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alrifai, T. (2015). Islamic Finance and the New Financial System. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Maciaszek, L. A., & Filipe, J. (Eds.). (2015). Evaluation of Novel Approaches to Software Engineering: 9th International Conference, ENASE 2014, Lisbon, Portugal, April 28-30, 2014. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 551). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jojczyk, K., Pryczek, M., Tomczyk, A., Szczepaniak, P. S., & Grzelak, P. (2010). Cognitive Hierarchical Active Partitions Using Patch Approach. In L. Bolc, R. Tadeusiewicz, L. J. Chmielewski, & K. Wojciechowski (Eds.), Computer Vision and Graphics: International Conference, ICCVG 2010, Warsaw, Poland, September 20-22, 2010, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 35–42). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Health Sciences Education.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, November 11). The Cacao Tree Is A Lot Older Than We Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Office of Telecommunications Policy’s Contract for a Publication on Intercepting Electronic Communications (No. LCD-78-110). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dasari, R. A. (2016). Automatic driving system by recognizing road signs using digital image processing (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, January 22). CLINTON CANCELS BAIRD NOMINATION FOR JUSTICE DEPT. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Booth 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Aguzzi and Haass 2003; Booth 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aguzzi and Haass 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Erwin et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Health Sciences Education
AbbreviationAdv. Health Sci. Educ. Theory Pract.
ISSN (print)1382-4996
ISSN (online)1573-1677
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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