How to format your references using the Advances in Health Sciences Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Health Sciences Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schübeler, D. (2012). Molecular biology. Epigenetic islands in a genetic ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6108), 756–757.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hooley, C. A., & Mackenzie, A. P. (2007). Physics. Heavy fermions in the original Fermi liquid. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5843), 1332–1333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dame, R. T., Noom, M. C., & Wuite, G. J. L. (2006). Bacterial chromatin organization by H-NS protein unravelled using dual DNA manipulation. Nature, 444(7117), 387–390.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yoshikawa, S., McKinnon, R. D., Kokel, M., & Thomas, J. B. (2003). Wnt-mediated axon guidance via the Drosophila Derailed receptor. Nature, 422(6932), 583–588.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S. M. (2013). Accounting Best Practices. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhang, X., Wasserman, H., & Mano, W. (Eds.). (2016). China’s Media and Soft Power in Africa: Promotion and Perceptions. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Schlatter, E. (2016). Physiological and Pathophysiological Regulation of Transporters for Organic Cations. In G. Ciarimboli, S. Gautron, & E. Schlatter (Eds.), Organic Cation Transporters: Integration of Physiology, Pathology, and Pharmacology (pp. 139–169). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Health Sciences Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 20). Five Years After The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Impacts On Gulf Communities And Seafood. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Higher Education and Disability: Improved Federal Enforcement Needed to Better Protect Students’ Rights to Testing Accommodations (No. GAO-12-40). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slotnick, A. (2012). Status symbols in triathlete culture (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cox, R., & Hay, G. (2011, August 2). When Numbers Eclipse Message. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schübeler 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hooley and Mackenzie 2007; Schübeler 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hooley and Mackenzie 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshikawa et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Health Sciences Education
AbbreviationAdv. Health Sci. Educ. Theory Pract.
ISSN (print)1382-4996
ISSN (online)1573-1677
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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