How to format your references using the Advances in Health Sciences Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Health Sciences Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davies, P. (2005). A quantum recipe for life. Nature, 437(7060), 819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shank, S. S., & Margoliash, D. (2009). Sleep and sensorimotor integration during early vocal learning in a songbird. Nature, 458(7234), 73–77.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, S.-H., Chen, W.-R., & Mallamace, F. (2003). The glass-to-glass transition and its end point in a copolymer micellar system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5619), 619–622.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Seehawer, M., Heinzmann, F., D’Artista, L., Harbig, J., Roux, P.-F., Hoenicke, L., et al. (2018). Necroptosis microenvironment directs lineage commitment in liver cancer. Nature, 562(7725), 69–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbaroux, P., Attour, A., & Schenk, E. (2016). Knowledge Management and Innovation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kop, C., Fliedl, G., Mayr, H. C., & Métais, E. (Eds.). (2006). Natural Language Processing and Information Systems: 11th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2006, Klagenfurt, Austria, May 31 - June 2, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 3999). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shen, S. (2011). Territorial Fragility and the Future of Tibet: Sub-sovereignty, Problems and Theoretical Solutions. In R. Guo & C. Freeman (Eds.), Managing Fragile Regions: Method and Application (pp. 61–79). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Health Sciences Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 31). Weirdos, Werewolves And The Full Moon. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Transportation Security: Additional Actions Could Strengthen the Security of Intermodal Transportation Facilities (No. GAO-10-435R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cruz, W. (2009). Extended services post reunification to enhance parent-child attachments: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K. (2012, November 1). Marathon Presses On as Backlash Builds. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davies 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Davies 2005; Shank and Margoliash 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shank and Margoliash 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Seehawer et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Health Sciences Education
AbbreviationAdv. Health Sci. Educ. Theory Pract.
ISSN (print)1382-4996
ISSN (online)1573-1677
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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