How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scheschkewitz, D., 2010. Comment on “Single-crystal X-ray structure of 1,3-dimethylcyclobutadiene by confinement in a crystalline matrix.” Science 330, 1047; author reply 1047.
A journal article with 2 authors
McInerney, J.O., Pisani, D., 2007. Genetics. Paradigm for life. Science 318, 1390–1391.
A journal article with 3 authors
Phillips, B.L., Casey, W.H., Karlsson, M., 2000. Bonding and reactivity at oxide mineral surfaces from model aqueous complexes. Nature 404, 379–382.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang, H., Li, M., Fu, L., Tang, A., Mann, S., 2013. Controlled assembly of Sb₂S₃ nanoparticles on silica/polymer nanotubes: insights into the nature of hybrid interfaces. Sci. Rep. 3, 1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazer, A., 2011. Shifting the Earth. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Broekmans, M.A.T.M. (Ed.), 2012. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tiwari, S., 2008. Tuning Applications for Superior Performance, in: Herrington, J., Elrom, E., Mostafa, J. (Eds.), AdvancED Flex 3. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 145–178.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. What I Learned From Debating Science With Trolls [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Follow-up Review of the IR Maverick Program (No. 931116). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watts, K.S., 2008. The Effectiveness of a Social Story Intervention in Decreasing Disruptive Behavior in Autistic Children (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kinsley, M., 2017. Nagging NATO. New York Times SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scheschkewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (McInerney and Pisani, 2007; Scheschkewitz, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McInerney and Pisani, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Economics
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Econ.
ISSN (print)0925-5273
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles