How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alamaro, M., 2014. Water politics must adapt to a warming world. Nature 514, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka, A., Sakaguchi, S., 2015. Immunology. Early life Aire. Science 348, 506–507.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oganov, A.R., Brodholt, J.P., Price, G.D., 2001. The elastic constants of MgSiO3 perovskite at pressures and temperatures of the Earth’s mantle. Nature 411, 934–937.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Anway, M.D., Cupp, A.S., Uzumcu, M., Skinner, M.K., 2005. Epigenetic transgenerational actions of endocrine disruptors and male fertility. Science 308, 1466–1469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin, C.J., 2015. The 10 Principles of Food Industry Sustainability. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Barral, J., Seuret, S. (Eds.), 2010. Recent Developments in Fractals and Related Fields, Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Guidotti, R., Berlingerio, M., 2016. Where Is My Next Friend? Recommending Enjoyable Profiles in Location Based Services, in: Cherifi, H., Gonçalves, B., Menezes, R., Sinatra, R. (Eds.), Complex Networks VII: Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Complex Networks CompleNet 2016, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Economics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. Watch Baby Spiders “Explode” From Mother During Fight [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Highway Projects: Some Federal and State Practices to Expedite Completion Show Promise (No. GAO-12-593). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tosti, C.L., 2009. Quantification of dispersed and aggregated iron in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2006. Where Stars Are Born and Flops Revealed. New York Times 14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alamaro, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Alamaro, 2014; Tanaka and Sakaguchi, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tanaka and Sakaguchi, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Anway et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Economics
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Econ.
ISSN (print)0925-5273
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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