How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cantley, L.C., 2002. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase pathway. Science 296, 1655–1657.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spitale, J.N., Porco, C.C., 2007. Association of the jets of Enceladus with the warmest regions on its south-polar fractures. Nature 449, 695–697.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adini, Y., Sagi, D., Tsodyks, M., 2002. Context-enabled learning in the human visual system. Nature 415, 790–793.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kawate, T., Michel, J.C., Birdsong, W.T., Gouaux, E., 2009. Crystal structure of the ATP-gated P2X(4) ion channel in the closed state. Nature 460, 592–598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dasgupta, A., 2012. Resolving Erroneous Reports in Toxicology and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Allen, M., Mayes, R., Rixen, D. (Eds.), 2014. Dynamics of Coupled Structures, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 32nd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2014, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Talbott, M.R., Estes, A., Zierhut, C., Dawson, G., Rogers, S.J., 2016. Early Start Denver Model, in: Lang, R., Hancock, T.B., Singh, N.N. (Eds.), Early Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Evidence-Based Practices in Behavioral Health. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 113–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Economics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. Could Telepathy Exist In Real Life? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Aviation Finance: Observations on the Effects of Budget Uncertainty on FAA (No. GAO-16-198R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holland, J.H., 2010. Investigating the relationship between the policy implementation process and the utilization of information technology in a constitutional republic: The case of I-269 NEPA process (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. Roaming the Woods, Imagining Gunfire on a Cold War Base. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cantley, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cantley, 2002; Spitale and Porco, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spitale and Porco, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kawate et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Economics
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Econ.
ISSN (print)0925-5273
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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