How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lemmon, J.P., 2015. Energy: Reimagine fuel cells. Nature 525, 447–449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, M., Izpisua Belmonte, J.C., 2014. Ageing: Genetic rejuvenation of old muscle. Nature 506, 304–305.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinney, M.A., Saeed, R., McDevitt, T.C., 2014. Mesenchymal morphogenesis of embryonic stem cells dynamically modulates the biophysical microtissue niche. Sci. Rep. 4, 4290.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kapitaniak, M., Lazarek, M., Nielaczny, M., Czolczynski, K., Perlikowski, P., Kapitaniak, T., 2014. Synchronization extends the life time of the desired behavior of globally coupled systems. Sci. Rep. 4, 4391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sutt, J., Lill, I., Müürsepp, O., 2013. The Engineer’s Manual of Construction Site Planning. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Sabharwal, N., 2014. Automation through Chef Opscode. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Vlachou, A., Doulkeridis, C., Nørvåg, K., Kotidis, Y., 2012. Similarity Search in Metric Spaces, in: Doulkeridis, C., Nørvåg, K., Kotidis, Y. (Eds.), Peer-to-Peer Query Processing over Multidimensional Data, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 31–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Incredibly Rare White Risso’s Dolphin Spotted For First Time In Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. NASA Project Status Reports: Congressional Requirements Can Be Met, but Reliability Must Be Ensured (No. NSIAD-90-40). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimick, K.E., 2009. Response to Intervention research to practice: Exploring a school in transition—a case study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. An Ink-Stained Reunion After Years of Digital Upheaval. New York Times A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lemmon, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lemmon, 2015; Li and Izpisua Belmonte, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Izpisua Belmonte, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kapitaniak et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Economics
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Econ.
ISSN (print)0925-5273
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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