How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lemke, P., 2001. Climate. Open windows to the polar oceans. Science 292, 1670–1671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Von Hippel, D., Hayes, P., 2007. International security. Energy security for North Korea. Science 316, 1288–1289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannoni, S., Temperton, B., Zhao, Y., 2013. Giovannoni et al. reply. Nature 499, E4-5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Day, J.J., Upchurch, P., Norman, D.B., Gale, A.S., Powell, H.P., 2002. Sauropod trackways, evolution, and behavior. Science 296, 1659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anthony, B., Boudnik, K., Adams, C., Shao, B., Lee, C., Sasaki, K., 2016. Professional Hadoop®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Saha, P.K., Maulik, U., Basu, S. (Eds.), 2014. Advanced Computational Approaches to Biomedical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Serra, J., 2011. Grain Building Ordering, in: Soille, P., Pesaresi, M., Ouzounis, G.K. (Eds.), Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing: 10th International Symposium, ISMM 2011, Verbania-Intra, Italy, July 6-8, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. A Walrus Has Been Born In A Canadian Aquarium For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Information Technology: HUD Needs to Improve Key Project Management Practices for Its Modernization Efforts (No. GAO-13-455). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatton, J.D., 2012. The Changing Dynamics of Health Care: Physician Perceptions of Technology in Medical Practices (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2012. California Debt Higher Than Earlier Estimates, a Task Force Reports. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Marx, 2009; Møller, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Von Hippel and Hayes, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Cho et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Economics
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Econ.
ISSN (print)0925-5273
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles