How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marraffini, L.A., 2015. CRISPR-Cas immunity in prokaryotes. Nature 526, 55–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frank, T., Friedrich, R.W., 2015. Neurobiology: Individuality sniffed out in flies. Nature 526, 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Babaev, E., Sudbø, A., Ashcroft, N.W., 2004. A superconductor to superfluid phase transition in liquid metallic hydrogen. Nature 431, 666–668.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ding, Y., Zhang, Y., Peng, T., Lu, Y., Jin, D., Ren, Q., Liu, Y., Han, J., Xi, P., 2013. Observation of mesenteric microcirculatory disturbance in rat by laser oblique scanning optical microscopy. Sci. Rep. 3, 1762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maguire, L., Smith, E., 2012. 30 Great Myths about Shakespeare. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sidin, S., Manrai, A.K. (Eds.), 2015. Proceedings of the 1997 World Marketing Congress, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Apu, R.A., Gavrilova, M.L., 2009. Efficient Swarm Neighborhood Management Using the Layered Delaunay Triangulation, in: Gavrilova, M.L. (Ed.), Generalized Voronoi Diagram: A Geometry-Based Approach to Computational Intelligence, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 109–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. DARPA Has Created Self-Guided, Mid-Flight Changing Bullets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Gulf War Illnesses: DOD’s Conclusions About U.S. Troops’ Exposure Cannot Be Adequately Supported (No. GAO-04-821T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turkel, C.C., 2008. Female leaders’ 360-degree self -perception accuracy for leadership competencies and skills (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. For the Fierce Of Foot. New York Times E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marraffini, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Frank and Friedrich, 2015; Marraffini, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frank and Friedrich, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ding et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Economics
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Econ.
ISSN (print)0925-5273
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles