How to format your references using the International Journal of Production Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Production Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dzenis, Y., 2008. Materials science. Structural nanocomposites. Science 319, 419–420.
A journal article with 2 authors
Packer, A., Clay, K., 2000. Soil pathogens and spatial patterns of seedling mortality in a temperate tree. Nature 404, 278–281.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ashton, A., Murray, A.B., Arnault, O., 2001. Formation of coastline features by large-scale instabilities induced by high-angle waves. Nature 414, 296–300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Munch, E., Launey, M.E., Alsem, D.H., Saiz, E., Tomsia, A.P., Ritchie, R.O., 2008. Tough, bio-inspired hybrid materials. Science 322, 1516–1520.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, H., Li, G., 2006. OFDM-Based Broadband Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Riopel, M., Smyrnaiou, Z. (Eds.), 2016. New Developments in Science and Technology Education, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Innovations in Science Education and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Blair, J.A., 2012. Argument Management, Informal Logic and Critical Thinking, in: Tindale, C.W. (Ed.), Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation: Selected Papers of J. Anthony Blair, Argumentation Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Production Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Watch Polar Bears Live From The Arctic Tundra [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Student Financial Aid: Need Determination Could Be Enhanced through Improvements in Education’s Estimate of Applicants’ State Tax Payments (No. GAO-05-105). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kwon, Y., 2009. Extreme value estimators: Their long memory feature and forecasting performances in the U.S. stock indexes (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Broderick, J.T., Jr., George, R.M., 2010. A Nation of Do-It-Yourself Lawyers. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dzenis, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Dzenis, 2008; Packer and Clay, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Packer and Clay, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Munch et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Production Economics
AbbreviationInt. J. Prod. Econ.
ISSN (print)0925-5273
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics and Econometrics
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles