How to format your references using the International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hughes V. Public health: Where there’s smoke. Nature 2012;489:S18-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Steiner L, Ploegh H. Herman Eisen (1918-2014). Nature 2014;516:38.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wood BJ, Halliday AN, Rehkämper M. Volatile accretion history of the Earth. Nature 2010;467:E6-7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
McQuaid JB, Kustka AB, Oborník M, Horák A, McCrow JP, Karas BJ, et al. Carbonate-sensitive phytotransferrin controls high-affinity iron uptake in diatoms. Nature 2018;555:534–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Seyfried TN. Cancer as a Metabolic Disease. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Arestis P, Sawyer M, editors. Financial Liberalisation: Past, Present and Future. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Wojno KJ, Bégin LR. Testicular Tumor Pathology. In: Foulkes WD, Cooney KA, editors. Male Reproductive Cancers: Epidemiology, Pathology and Genetics, New York, NY: Springer; 2010, p. 121–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. New Study Suggests There Are Health Benefits To Conservation Policies. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-study-suggests-there-are-health-benefits-conservation-policies/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Catalog Program: Progress and Problems in Attaining a Uniform Identification System for Supplies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Klein KA. Vocabulary acquisition via cross-situational learning. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Stewart JB. Trump Puts Barometers of Wall St. to the Test. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med.
ISSN (print)2352-6467
Scope

Other styles