How to format your references using the International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frierson DMW. Atmospheric science. Frictional dissipation--blame it on the rain. Science 2012;335:925–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Divakaruni AS, Murphy AN. Cell biology. A mitochondrial mystery, solved. Science 2012;337:41–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Woodroffe R, Hedges S, Durant SM. Ecology. To fence or not to fence. Science 2014;344:46–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Choi D, Lee H, Im DJ, Kang IS, Lim G, Kim DS, et al. Spontaneous electrical charging of droplets by conventional pipetting. Sci Rep 2013;3:2037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hobkirk JA, Gill DS, Jones SP, Hemmings KW, Bassi GS, O’Donnell AL, et al. Hypodontia. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Oliver MA. Basic Steps in Geostatistics: The Variogram and Kriging. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams JN. Human Population and the Hotspots Revisited: A 2010 Assessment. In: Zachos FE, Habel JC, editors. Biodiversity Hotspots: Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J. Middle Eastern Organization Requests First Ever Withdrawal From The “Doomsday” Seed Vault. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Actions Underway But Management and Technical Weaknesses Not Yet Corrected. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ganatra VA. Impact of the media on body image and eating disorders. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Dominus S. Trump’s Boasts Shake Women Out of Silence. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med.
ISSN (print)2352-6467

Other styles