How to format your references using the International Journal of Parallel Programming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Parallel Programming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colegrave, N.: Sex releases the speed limit on evolution. Nature. 420, 664–666 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Albert, A.Y.K., Otto, S.P.: Sexual selection can resolve sex-linked sexual antagonism. Science. 310, 119–121 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Mendoza, M., Succi, S., Herrmann, H.J.: Flow through randomly curved manifolds. Sci. Rep. 3, 3106 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Misra, S., Puertollano, R., Kato, Y., Bonifacino, J.S., Hurley, J.H.: Structural basis for acidic-cluster-dileucine sorting-signal recognition by VHS domains. Nature. 415, 933–937 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles, R.: 150 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK (2008)
An edited book
Marques de Sá, J.P. ed: Applied Statistics Using SPSS, STATISTICA, MATLAB and R. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
De León, M.S.P., Zollikofer, C.P.E.: Neanderthals and modern humans — chimps and bonobos: similarities and differences in development and evolution. In: Hublin, J.-J., Harvati, K., and Harrison, T. (eds.) Neanderthals Revisited: New Approaches and Perspectives. pp. 71–88. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Parallel Programming.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Compound In Curry Spice Boosts Stem Cell Growth In Rat Brains,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Department of Transportation: Key Issues and Management Challenges, 2013. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin, J.C.: Tbx18 and the epicardium in cardiac development and regenerative medicine, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S.: Brightening the Night With a Spring Palette, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Parallel Programming
AbbreviationInt. J. Parallel Program.
ISSN (print)0885-7458
ISSN (online)1573-7640
ScopeInformation Systems
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles