How to format your references using the Breast Cancer Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A. Anthropologists cast doubt on human DNA evidence. Nature. 423(6939), 468 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
Anastasiadou E, Slack FJ. Cancer. Malicious exosomes. Science. 346(6216), 1459–1460 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Dinner AR, Blackburn GM, Karplus M. Uracil-DNA glycosylase acts by substrate autocatalysis. Nature. 413(6857), 752–755 (2001).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rueness EK, Stenseth NC, O’Donoghue M, Boutin S, Ellegren H, Jakobsen KS. Ecological and genetic spatial structuring in the Canadian lynx. Nature. 425(6953), 69–72 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glasgow LA. Applied Mathematics for Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Finn A, Curtis N, Pollard AJ, editors. Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children VI. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Selvaggi S. Diritto d’autore in rete. In: e-Learning: Nuovi strumenti per insegnare, apprendere, comunicare online. Selvaggi S, Vollono E, Sicignano G (Eds.), Springer, Milano, 77–93 (2007).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer Management.

Blog post
Hale T. Monsanto Strikes Deal To Use CRISPR Gene-Editing Technology In Food [Internet]. IFLScience (2016). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Effects of Tax Changes on Commuter Behavior. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao Q. East Asian backpacker tourists’ motivations for participating in backpacking. (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Williams Expected to Get His Own Show on MSNBC. New York Times, B2 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer Management
AbbreviationBreast Cancer Manag.
ISSN (print)1758-1923
ISSN (online)1758-1931
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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