How to format your references using the International Journal of Nursing Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Nursing Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ohlemüller R. Climate. Running out of climate space. Science 2011;334:613–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bowler C, Scanlan DJ. Genetics. Being selective in the Prochlorococcus collective. Science 2014;344:366–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhang Q, He K, Huo H. Policy: Cleaning China’s air. Nature 2012;484:161–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Perfeito L, Fernandes L, Mota C, Gordo I. Adaptive mutations in bacteria: high rate and small effects. Science 2007;317:813–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Saguet P. Numerical Analysis in Electromagnetics. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Rodrigues JF, Seregin G, Urbano JM, editors. Trends in Partial Differential Equations of Mathematical Physics. vol. 61. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bogojević S. ‘Europeanisation’ of the Judiciary in Southeast Europe. In: Rodin S, Perišin T, editors. Judicial Application of International Law in Southeast Europe, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Nursing Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Different Monkey Species Can Understand One Another’s “Languages.” IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/monkeys-use-suffixes-too/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle Safety: Update on NASA’s Progress in Revitalizing the Shuttle Workforce and Making Safety Upgrades. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lin H-C. Depression screening in ambulatory care. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. Spoil Your Wrist. New York Times 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Nursing Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Nurs. Sci.
ISSN (print)2352-0132
ScopeGeneral Nursing

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