How to format your references using the International Journal of Nursing Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Nursing Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sloggett JJ. Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science 2013;341:1342.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
van den Elsen JMH, Isenman DE. A crystal structure of the complex between human complement receptor 2 and its ligand C3d. Science 2011;332:608–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Han JS, Szak ST, Boeke JD. Transcriptional disruption by the L1 retrotransposon and implications for mammalian transcriptomes. Nature 2004;429:268–74.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
David L, Feldman A, Mansfield E, Lehman J, Singh G. Evaluating the thermal damage resistance of graphene/carbon nanotube hybrid composite coatings. Sci Rep 2014;4:4311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
He Z. Wavelet Analysis and Transient Signal Processing Applications for Power Systems. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
de la Peña L. The Emerging Quantum: The Physics Behind Quantum Mechanics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Erovic BM, Lercher P. Intraoperative Considerations. In: Lercher P, editor. Manual of Head and Neck Reconstruction Using Regional and Free Flaps, Vienna: Springer; 2015, p. 17–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Nursing Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Dead Star Demolishes Planet – Offering A Glimpse Into How The Earth Could End Its Days. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/dead-star-demolishes-planet-offering-glimpse-how-earth-could-end-its-days/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Mission Budgeting: Discussion and Illustration of the Concept in Research and Development Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Miller T. A qualitative phenomenological study: Hiring nurses re-entering the workforce after chemical dependence. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Conte L. Scouting Report. New York Times 2011:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Nursing Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Nurs. Sci.
ISSN (print)2352-0132
ScopeGeneral Nursing

Other styles