How to format your references using the International Journal of Neonatal Screening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Neonatal Screening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norman, M. Physics. Have Cuprates Earned Their Stripes? Science 2004, 303, 1985–1986.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burch, C.L.; Chao, L. Evolvability of an RNA Virus Is Determined by Its Mutational Neighbourhood. Nature 2000, 406, 625–628.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fontana, L.; Partridge, L.; Longo, V.D. Extending Healthy Life Span--from Yeast to Humans. Science 2010, 328, 321–326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thyme, S.B.; Jarjour, J.; Takeuchi, R.; Havranek, J.J.; Ashworth, J.; Scharenberg, A.M.; Stoddard, B.L.; Baker, D. Exploitation of Binding Energy for Catalysis and Design. Nature 2009, 461, 1300–1304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, D. TKO Sales!; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2007; ISBN 9781118256077.
An edited book
Handbook of Family Resilience; Becvar, D.S., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; ISBN 9781461437994.
A chapter in an edited book
Baykal, C.; Yazganoğlu, K.D. Cutaneous Cysts. In Clinical Atlas of Skin Tumors; Yazganoğlu, K.D., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp. 125–143 ISBN 9783642409370.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Neonatal Screening.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Higher IQ Linked To Reduced Risk of Schizophrenia (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Review of Certain Aspects of the Head Start Program Operated by the Community Education Extension of Mary Holmes College, Jackson, Mississippi; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1974;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatton, H. How Rural Elementary Building Principals Conceptualize the Programs in Their Schools, the Processes of Connecting Students to Programs, and Their Leadership Role in Doing So. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr 30 Are Charged in Scam To Avoid Parking Tickets. New York Times 2017, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Neonatal Screening
AbbreviationInt. J. Neonatal Screen.
ISSN (online)2409-515X

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