How to format your references using the International Journal of Neonatal Screening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Neonatal Screening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heimann, M. Obituary: Charles David Keeling 1928-2005. Nature 2005, 437, 331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayes, J.J.; Malik, H.S. Altered Heterochromatin Binding by a Hybrid Sterility Protein in Drosophila Sibling Species. Science 2009, 326, 1538–1541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tersoff, J.; Jesson, D.E.; Tang, W.X. Running Droplets of Gallium from Evaporation of Gallium Arsenide. Science 2009, 324, 236–238.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pelejero, C.; Calvo, E.; McCulloch, M.T.; Marshall, J.F.; Gagan, M.K.; Lough, J.M.; Opdyke, B.N. Preindustrial to Modern Interdecadal Variability in Coral Reef PH. Science 2005, 309, 2204–2207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yavaş, M. Applied English Phonology; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781444392623.
An edited book
Bioinformatics Research and Applications: 8th International Symposium, ISBRA 2012, Dallas, TX, USA, May 21-23, 2012. Proceedings; Bleris, L., Măndoiu, I., Schwartz, R., Wang, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 7292; ISBN 9783642301902.
A chapter in an edited book
Ford, J.D.; Bell, T.; St-Hilaire-Gravel, D. Vulnerability of Community Infrastructure to Climate Change in Nunavut: A Case Study From Arctic Bay. In Community Adaptation and Vulnerability in Arctic Regions; Hovelsrud, G.K., Smit, B., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010; pp. 107–130 ISBN 9789048191734.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Neonatal Screening.

Blog post
Andrew, E. This Is What Our Night Sky Would Look Like If Celestial Bodies Were Closer To Earth Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Mass Transit Grants: UMTA Needs to Improve Procurement Monitoring at Local Transit Authority; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lenz, R.M. Iron, Arsenic, and Elevated Salinity in the Lower Mississippi River Alluvial Aquifer of Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Syndergaard Stumbles En Route to a Potential Wild-Card Start. New York Times 2016, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Neonatal Screening
AbbreviationInt. J. Neonatal Screen.
ISSN (online)2409-515X

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