How to format your references using the International Journal of Neonatal Screening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Neonatal Screening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Archibald, J.M. Genomics. Green Evolution, Green Revolution. Science 2009, 324, 191–192.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gilbert, D.T.; Wilson, T.D. Prospection: Experiencing the Future. Science 2007, 317, 1351–1354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galli, S.J.; Tsai, M.; Piliponsky, A.M. The Development of Allergic Inflammation. Nature 2008, 454, 445–454.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Okazaki, I.-M.; Kinoshita, K.; Muramatsu, M.; Yoshikawa, K.; Honjo, T. The AID Enzyme Induces Class Switch Recombination in Fibroblasts. Nature 2002, 416, 340–345.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem, J.M. Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9780470929247.
An edited book
The Underactive Bladder; Chancellor, M.B., Diokno, A.C., Eds.; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319236865.
A chapter in an edited book
Andersen, M.L.; Baumans, V. Euthanasia. In Rodent Model as Tools in Ethical Biomedical Research; Andersen, M.L., Tufik, S., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 39–49 ISBN 9783319115771.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Neonatal Screening.

Blog post
Taub, B. Spiders’ Personalities Help Colonies Survive As Climate Changes Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Student Aid: Recent Changes to Eligibility Requirements and Additional Efforts to Promote Awarness Could Increase Academic Competitiveness and SMART Grant Participation; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seip, N. A One Day Training on the Human Papillomavirus for Foster Youth Receiving Independent Living Services: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M.; Moynihan, C. Witnesses Recall Deafening Blast and Shrapnel in Chelsea Bombing Trial. New York Times 2017, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Neonatal Screening
AbbreviationInt. J. Neonatal Screen.
ISSN (online)2409-515X

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