How to format your references using the International Journal of Neonatal Screening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Neonatal Screening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watson, R.T. Climate change: the political situation. Science 2003, 302, 1925–1926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bloch, G.; Robinson, G.E. Chronobiology. Reversal of honeybee behavioural rhythms. Nature 2001, 410, 1048.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouvier, F.; Dogbo, O.; Camara, B. Biosynthesis of the food and cosmetic plant pigment bixin (annatto). Science 2003, 300, 2089–2091.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hua, Y.; Zhu, M.; Wang, Y.; Xie, Z.; Li, M. A hybrid method for identification of structural domains. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonilla, L.L.; Teitsworth, S.W. Nonlinear Wave Methods for Charge Transport; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2010; ISBN 9783527628674.
An edited book
Cartesian Empiricisms; Dobre, M., Nyden, T., Eds.; Studies in History and Philosophy of Science; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; Vol. 31; ISBN 9789400776890.
A chapter in an edited book
Mantel, H.; Sudbrock, H. Information-Theoretic Modeling and Analysis of Interrupt-Related Covert Channels. In Formal Aspects in Security and Trust: 5th International Workshop, FAST 2008 Malaga, Spain, October 9-10, 2008 Revised Selected Papers; Degano, P., Guttman, J., Martinelli, F., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 67–81 ISBN 9783642014642.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Neonatal Screening.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Astronomers Solve Mystery Of When Ancient Greek Poem Was Written Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: Telephone Slamming and Its Harmful Effects; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokolov, C.K. Teacher Engagement In Grades 4-8. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R. Still Pushing Boundaries, Relentlessly. New York Times 2017, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Neonatal Screening
AbbreviationInt. J. Neonatal Screen.
ISSN (online)2409-515X

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