How to format your references using the International Journal of Neonatal Screening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Neonatal Screening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pormann, P.E. Interdisciplinarity: Inside Manchester’s “Arts Lab.” Nature 2015, 525, 318–319.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Brito, O.M.; Scorrano, L. Mitofusin 2 Tethers Endoplasmic Reticulum to Mitochondria. Nature 2008, 456, 605–610.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, G.; Zhuchenko, O.; Kuspa, A. Immune-like Phagocyte Activity in the Social Amoeba. Science 2007, 317, 678–681.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Riethman, H.C.; Xiang, Z.; Paul, S.; Morse, E.; Hu, X.L.; Flint, J.; Chi, H.C.; Grady, D.L.; Moyzis, R.K. Integration of Telomere Sequences with the Draft Human Genome Sequence. Nature 2001, 409, 948–951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stephans, R.A. System Safety for the 21 St Century; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2004; ISBN 9780471662549.
An edited book
Energy Security: International and Local Issues, Theoretical Perspectives, and Critical Energy Infrastructures; Gheorghe, A., Muresan, L., Eds.; NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; ISBN 9789400707184.
A chapter in an edited book
Perfilieva, I. A New Model of a Fuzzy Associative Memory. In Integrated Uncertainty in Knowledge Modelling and Decision Making: 4th International Symposium, IUKM 2015, Nha Trang, Vietnam, October 15-17, 2015, Proceedings; Huynh, V.-N., Inuiguchi, M., Demoeux, T., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 32–42 ISBN 9783319251349.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Neonatal Screening.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Who Was The Taung Child? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Systemwide Education Reform: Federal Leadership Could Facilitate District-Level Efforts; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren, P.D. Characterizing Polymers for Cardiovascular Devices. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. Election Night, With a Play in Real Time. New York Times 2016, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Neonatal Screening
AbbreviationInt. J. Neonatal Screen.
ISSN (online)2409-515X

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