How to format your references using the International Journal of Neonatal Screening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Neonatal Screening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kellermann, K.I. Obituary: Grote Reber (1911-2002). Nature 2003, 421, 596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maser, R.S.; DePinho, R.A. Connecting chromosomes, crisis, and cancer. Science 2002, 297, 565–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaeberlein, T.; Lewis, K.; Epstein, S.S. Isolating “uncultivable” microorganisms in pure culture in a simulated natural environment. Science 2002, 296, 1127–1129.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, D.; Kong, L.; Fan, P.; Chen, H.; Zhu, S.; Liu, W.; Cao, L.; Sun, Y.; Du, S.; Schneeloch, J.; et al. Evidence for Majorana bound states in an iron-based superconductor. Science 2018, 362, 333–335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fredriksson, H.; Åkerlind, U. Solidification and Crystallization Processing in Metals and Alloys; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781119975540.
An edited book
Choi, T.-M. Risk Analysis in Stochastic Supply Chains: A Mean-Risk Approach; Chiu, C.-H., Ed.; International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; Springer: New York, NY, 2012; Vol. 178; ISBN 9781461438687.
A chapter in an edited book
Morinobu, S.; Tsuji, S.; Takahashi, M.; Russell, D.S.; Takahashi, J.; Tanaka, K.; Fujimaki, K.; Yamawaki, S.; Endoh, S.; Endoh, M. Stress Vulnerability Induced by Neonatal Isolation and the Disturbance Between the Phosphorylation and Dephosphorylation of CREB. In PTSD: Brain Mechanisms and Clinical Implications; Kato, N., Kawata, M., Pitman, R.K., Eds.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2006; pp. 37–45 ISBN 9784431295662.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Neonatal Screening.

Blog post
Hale, T. Farmers Stumble Across Mammoth Skeleton In Their Soybean Field Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Technology Transfer: Administration of the Bayh-Dole Act by Research Universities; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shambra, S.M. Automated Vulnerability Assessment of Mobile Device Vulnerabilities. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University: Mississippi State, MS, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ford Fessenden; Kate; Reporting, L.S.C. Long Island Aid Comes at Westchester’s Expense. New York Times 2007, 14WC5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Neonatal Screening
AbbreviationInt. J. Neonatal Screen.
ISSN (online)2409-515X

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