How to format your references using the The VLDB Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The VLDB Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bressanelli, S.: Structural biology. Kickstarting a viral RNA polymerase. Science. 347, 715–716 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fritz, G., Kroneck, P.M.H.: MICROBIOLOGY. Sulfate to go. Science. 350, 1476–1477 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Orlove, B.S., Chiang, J.C., Cane, M.A.: Forecasting Andean rainfall and crop yield from the influence of El Nino on Pleiades visibility. Nature. 403, 68–71 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Bao, S., Tibbetts, R.S., Brumbaugh, K.M., Fang, Y., Richardson, D.A., Ali, A., Chen, S.M., Abraham, R.T., Wang, X.F.: ATR/ATM-mediated phosphorylation of human Rad17 is required for genotoxic stress responses. Nature. 411, 969–974 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Alvarez, P.J.J., Illman, W.A.: Bioremediation and Natural Attenuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
1.
Oliveira, L.C. de, Silva, T. eds: Second Language Writing in Elementary Classrooms: Instructional Issues, Content-area Writing and Teacher Education. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bernas, M., Płaczek, B.: Energy Aware Object Localization in Wireless Sensor Network Based on Wi-Fi Fingerprinting. In: Gaj, P., Kwiecień, A., and Stera, P. (eds.) Computer Networks: 22nd International Conference, CN 2015, Brunów, Poland, June 16-19, 2015. Proceedings. pp. 33–42. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The VLDB Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E.: From Mercury To Pluto: The Year Ahead In Planetary Exploration, https://www.iflscience.com/space/mercury-pluto-year-ahead-planetary-exploration/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Transition From School to Work: States Are Developing New Strategies to Prepare Students for Jobs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Works, R.F.: Econometric modeling of exchange rate determinants by market classification: An empirical analysis of Japan and South Korea using the sticky-price monetary theory, (2016)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dwyer, J.: Republicans’ Path Recalls a Democratic Disaster at the Garden, in 1924, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe VLDB Journal
AbbreviationVLDB J.
ISSN (print)1066-8888
ISSN (online)0949-877X
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Information Systems

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