How to format your references using the International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bartal, G., 2015. Nanophotonics: bright future for hyperbolic chips. Nature 522, 160–161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunter, C.A., Mayers, P.C., 2001. Knot tied around an octahedral metal centre. Nature 411, 763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bishop, J.K.B., Davis, R.E., Sherman, J.T., 2002. Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific. Science 298, 817–821.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dinh, H.T., Kuever, J., Mussmann, M., Hassel, A.W., Stratmann, M., Widdel, F., 2004. Iron corrosion by novel anaerobic microorganisms. Nature 427, 829–832.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis, J.H., 2011. Statistics for Compensation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Taylor, L.D., 2010. Consumer Demand in the United States: Prices, Income, and Consumption Behavior. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuosmanen, T., Keshvari, A., Matin, R.K., 2015. Discrete and Integer Valued Inputs and Outputs in Data Envelopment Analysis, in: Zhu, J. (Ed.), Data Envelopment Analysis: A Handbook of Models and Methods, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 67–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Hearing Ghost Voices Relies On Pseudoscience And Fallibility Of Human Perception [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. National Assessment of Educational Progress Exclusion Rates for Students with Disabilities (No. GAO-06-194R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahmud, S., 2017. Comparing the Performance of Bottom-Moored and Unmanned Surface Vehicle Towed Passive Acoustic Monitoring Platforms for Marine Mammal Detections (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2014. Friday File. New York Times C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bartal, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bartal, 2015; Hunter and Mayers, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunter and Mayers, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Dinh et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
ISSN (print)2092-6782
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Ocean Engineering

Other styles