How to format your references using the International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheng, P., 2006. Applied physics. Waves on the horizon. Science 313, 1399–1400.
A journal article with 2 authors
Didenko, Y.T., Suslick, K.S., 2002. The energy efficiency of formation of photons, radicals and ions during single-bubble cavitation. Nature 418, 394–397.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, X., Gross, R.L., Suits, A.G., 2001. “Heavy electron” photoelectron spectroscopy: rotationally resolved ion pair imaging of CH3+. Science 294, 2527–2529.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wood, S.A., Guerry, A.D., Silver, J.M., Lacayo, M., 2013. Using social media to quantify nature-based tourism and recreation. Sci. Rep. 3, 2976.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
West, B.J., Griffin, L.A., 2005. Biodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Talley, R.C., Crews, J.E. (Eds.), 2012. Multiple Dimensions of Caregiving and Disability: Research, Practice, Policy, Caregiving: Research • Practice • Policy. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Suarez, M., Rodrigo, G., Carrera, J., Jaramillo, A., 2010. Computational Design in Synthetic Biology, in: Schmidt, M., Kelle, A., Ganguli-Mitra, A., Vriend, H. (Eds.), Synthetic Biology: The Technoscience and Its Societal Consequences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 49–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why The Causes Of Cancer Are More Than Just Random ‘Bad Luck’ [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Agencies’ Reporting of Mission-Critical Classified Systems (No. AIMD-99-218). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meng, W., 2014. Synthesis and design of microwave wideband filters and components (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bray, C., de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. QVC and Home Shopping Network to Join Forces in $2.1 Billion Merger. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sheng, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Didenko and Suslick, 2002; Sheng, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Didenko and Suslick, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wood et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
ISSN (print)2092-6782
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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