How to format your references using the International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barbier, E.B., 2014. Economics: Account for depreciation of natural capital. Nature 515, 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Di Noia, J., Neuberger, M.S., 2002. Altering the pathway of immunoglobulin hypermutation by inhibiting uracil-DNA glycosylase. Nature 419, 43–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, D.D.P., Stopka, P., Knights, S., 2003. Sociology: The puzzle of human cooperation. Nature 421, 911–2; discussion 912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Genzel, R., Schödel, R., Ott, T., Eckart, A., Alexander, T., Lacombe, F., Rouan, D., Aschenbach, B., 2003. Near-infrared flares from accreting gas around the supermassive black hole at the Galactic Centre. Nature 425, 934–937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickenson, J., Freeman, F., Mills, C.L., Sivasubramaniam, S., Thode, C., 2012. Molecular Pharmacology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tuniz, C., 2010. I lettori di ossa, I blu. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Pandey, R., Sethi, V.K., Pandey, M., Choubey, M., 2016. Recent Research and Various Techniques Available for Efficiency Improvement of IGCC Power Plants, in: Dash, S.S., Bhaskar, M.A., Panigrahi, B.K., Das, S. (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Evolutionary Computations in Engineering Systems: Proceedings of ICAIECES 2015, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Elon Musk Announces Why SpaceX Rocket Exploded Earlier This Year [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Economic Espionage: Information on Threat From U.S. Allies (No. T-NSIAD-96-114). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulukkunat, D., 2008. Biochemical Studies on Archaeal Ribonuclease P Reveal Thematic Convergence in Protein-Facilitated RNA Catalysis (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ramirez, A., 2008. A Fitting Farewell to a Literate and Offbeat Character. New York Times A37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barbier, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Barbier, 2014; Di Noia and Neuberger, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Di Noia and Neuberger, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Genzel et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
ISSN (print)2092-6782
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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