How to format your references using the International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook, R.F., 2010. Materials science. Probing the nanoscale. Science 328, 183–184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt, A., Evan, G., 2001. Apoptosis. Till death us do part. Science 293, 1784–1785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S.T., Kim, S.K., Kim, M.S., 2002. Observation of conformation-specific pathways in the photodissociation of 1-iodopropane ions. Nature 415, 306–308.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Snow, M., Cox, S.-L., Jenkin, G., Trounson, A., Shaw, J., 2002. Generation of live young from xenografted mouse ovaries. Science 297, 2227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bobrow, J., Fisher, S., Mondragon-Gilmore, J., Casson, A., Orton, P.Z., Nathan, H.D., Jones, J., Hays, J., Kohn, E., Christinson, J., Sekeres, K., Swovelin, B., Di Pietro, R., Crowder, G., Spence, M., Gilmore, P., 2009. CliffsNotes® CSET®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hellmüller, S., Santschi, M. (Eds.), 2014. Is Local Beautiful?: Peacebuilding between International Interventions and Locally Led Initiatives, SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Soler, L., Marescaux, J., 2016. Virtual Surgical Simulation: The First Steps in a New Training, in: Fauquet-Alekhine, P., Pehuet, N. (Eds.), Simulation Training: Fundamentals and Applications: Improving Professional Practice Through Simulation Training. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 95–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Why Some Geckos Don’t Stick [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Amtrak: Early Progress Made in Implementing Strategic and Business Plan, but Obstacles Remain (No. T-RCED-95-227). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park, J.K., 2012. Target Identification, Therapeutic Application and Maturation Mechanism of microRNAs (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hogan, S., 2013. How I Found Love and Companionship Online. New York Times ST12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cook, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cook, 2010; Hunt and Evan, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt and Evan, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Snow et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
ISSN (print)2092-6782
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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