How to format your references using the International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kump, L.R., 2008. The rise of atmospheric oxygen. Nature 451, 277–278.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trauger, J.T., Traub, W.A., 2007. A laboratory demonstration of the capability to image an Earth-like extrasolar planet. Nature 446, 771–773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhn, G., Hijri, M., Sanders, I.R., 2001. Evidence for the evolution of multiple genomes in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Nature 414, 745–748.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, S.H., Fu, K.K., Hui, J.N., Richman, J.M., 2001. Noggin and retinoic acid transform the identity of avian facial prominences. Nature 414, 909–912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Das, J.C., 2015. Power System Harmonics and Passive Filter Designs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Aspin, D.N., Chapman, J., Evans, K., Bagnall, R. (Eds.), 2012. Second International Handbook of Lifelong Learning, Springer International Handbooks of Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoda, M., 2012. History of the Relationship between People and Lake Biwa, in: Kawanabe, H., Nishino, M., Maehata, M. (Eds.), Lake Biwa: Interactions between Nature and People. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 239–307.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. New Peruvian Frog Has White Splotches On Its Belly [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Aviation Research: Information on FAA’s Research, Engineering, and Development Program (No. RCED-89-122FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fortenbery, N.R., 2012. Regulation of Natural Killer Cells: SHIP-1, 2B4, and Immunomodulation by Lenalidomide (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Levine, M.D., Brosnahan, M., 2015. The Homelessness Cure. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kump, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kump, 2008; Trauger and Traub, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trauger and Traub, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
ISSN (print)2092-6782
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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