How to format your references using the International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gladman, B., 2005. The Kuiper belt and the solar system’s comet disk. Science 307, 71–75.
A journal article with 2 authors
Süsstrunk, R., Huber, S.D., 2015. PHYSICS. Observation of phononic helical edge states in a mechanical topological insulator. Science 349, 47–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keimer, B., Sackmann, E., Withers, P.J., 2002. Neutron scattering. The case for neutron sources. Science 298, 543.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ellis, D.A., Mabury, S.A., Martin, J.W., Muir, D.C., 2001. Thermolysis of fluoropolymers as a potential source of halogenated organic acids in the environment. Nature 412, 321–324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan, R.M., 2013. Problem Solving and Data Analysis using Minitab. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kizza, J.M. (Ed.), 2009. A Guide to Computer Network Security, The Computer Communications and Networks. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Khoshnevisan, D., Schilling, R., 2016. On the Markov Property, in: Schilling, R., Utzet, F., Quer-Sardanyons, L. (Eds.), From Lévy-Type Processes to Parabolic SPDEs, Advanced Courses in Mathematics - CRM Barcelona. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Second Set of Vocal Cords Discovered in Koalas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Improve Planning, Management, and Oversight of Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars (No. GAO-08-1051T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davenport, L.C., 2008. Behavior and ecology of the Giant Otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) in oxbow lakes of the Manú Biosphere Reserve, Perú (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2011. A County In Alabama Puts Off Bankruptcy. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gladman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gladman, 2005; Süsstrunk and Huber, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Süsstrunk and Huber, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ellis et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
ISSN (print)2092-6782
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Ocean Engineering

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