How to format your references using the International Journal of Lexicography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Lexicography (IJL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. 2015. ‘Disease: Closing the Door on HIV’. Nature 528.7580: S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Podsiadlowski, P. and S. Justham. 2006. ‘Astronomy. Big Bang Points to Stellar Mix-Up’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314.5805: 1551–1552.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huntington, J. A., R. J. Read and R. W. Carrell. 2000. ‘Structure of a Serpin-Protease Complex Shows Inhibition by Deformation’. Nature 407.6806: 923–926.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chuang, Y. D., A. D. Gromko, D. S. Dessau, T. Kimura and Y. Tokura. 2001. ‘Fermi Surface Nesting and Nanoscale Fluctuating Charge/Orbital Ordering in Colossal Magnetoresistive Oxides’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292.5521: 1509–1513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boulanger, J.-L. 2013. Safety Management for Software-Based Equipment. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ghatak, K. P. 2009. Einstein Relation in Compound Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures. (Ed.) Bhattacharya, S. & D. De. . Vol. 116. (Springer Series in Materials Science). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sheppard, B. and D. Slavin. 2009. ‘The Use of War Game Simulations for Business Strategies’. In Linkov, I., E. Ferguson and V. S. Magar (eds), Real-Time and Deliberative Decision Making: Application to Emerging Stressors. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 77–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Lexicography.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. Arctic Sea Ice Is Failing To Grow At The Expected Rate. IFLScience. IFLScience. (30 October, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Space Surveillance Network: Appropriate Controls Needed Over Data Access. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, A. 2012. Impact of the Child and Family Services Improvement Act of 2006 on monthly caseworker visits to children in Los Angeles County on California’s foster care system. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2017. ‘Mets May Start Spring With Outfield As Is’. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein 2015, Podsiadlowski and Justham 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Podsiadlowski and Justham 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Chuang … Tokura 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Lexicography
ISSN (print)0950-3846
ISSN (online)1477-4577
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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