How to format your references using the International Journal of Lexicography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Lexicography (IJL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. 2008. ‘Financial Planning’. Nature 454.7205: 680.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong, M. and S. Munro. 2014. ‘Membrane Trafficking. The Specificity of Vesicle Traffic to the Golgi Is Encoded in the Golgin Coiled-Coil Proteins’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346.6209: 1256898.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prieto, M. A., G. Brunetti and K.-H. Mack. 2002. ‘Particle Accelerators in the Hot Spots of Radio Galaxy 3C 445, Imaged with the VLT’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298.5591: 193–195.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sun, F., R. Wang, C. Aku-Leh, H. X. Yang, R. He and J. Zhao. 2014. ‘Double Charge Ordering States and Spin Ordering State Observed in a RFe2O4 System’. Scientific reports 4: 6429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robinson, M. D. 2013. An Employer’s and Engineer’s Guide to the FIDIC Conditions of Contract. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Khan Mohammad Beigi, P. 2015. Acrodermatitis Enteropathica: A Clinician’s Guide. (Ed.) Maverakis, E. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bellazzi, R. 2007. ‘Information Technology Solutions for Diabetes Management and Prevention Current Challenges and Future Research Directions’. In Jarm, T., P. Kramar and A. Zupanic (eds), 11th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biomedical Engineering and Computing 2007: MEDICON 2007, 26-30 June 2007, Ljubljana, Slovenia. (IFMBE Proceedings). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 14–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Lexicography.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2016. Juno Is About To Peer Under The Clouds Of Jupiter. IFLScience. IFLScience. (30 October, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Aviation Safety: FAA Has Taken Steps to Determine That It Has Made Correct Medical Certification Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wong, A. N. 2013. The model minority at risk: Barriers to mental health access for Chinese Americans. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. 2010. ‘Old Is Good, Cheaper Is Better’. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2008, Wong and Munro 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wong and Munro 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun … Zhao 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Lexicography
ISSN (print)0950-3846
ISSN (online)1477-4577
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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