How to format your references using the International Journal of Lexicography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Lexicography (IJL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. 2003. ‘Auction of DNA Archive Cancelled’. Nature 422.6928: 102.
A journal article with 2 authors
Que, L., Jr and W. B. Tolman. 2008. ‘Biologically Inspired Oxidation Catalysis’. Nature 455.7211: 333–340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Hoof, C., K. Baert and A. Witvrouw. 2004. ‘Physics. The Best Materials for Tiny, Clever Sensors’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306.5698: 986–987.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
DiVincenzo, D. P., D. Bacon, J. Kempe, G. Burkard and K. B. Whaley. 2000. ‘Universal Quantum Computation with the Exchange Interaction’. Nature 408.6810: 339–342.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedlacek, H. H., A. M. Sapienza and V. Eid. 2008. Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Lin, D., X. Wang and M. Yung (eds). 2016. Information Security and Cryptology: 11th International Conference, Inscrypt 2015, Beijing, China, November 1-3, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. . Vol. 9589. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Banks, R., V. Khomenko and L. J. Steggles. 2011. ‘Modeling Genetic Regulatory Networks’. In Koch, I., W. Reisig and F. Schreiber (eds), Modeling in Systems Biology: The Petri Net Approach. (Computational Biology). London: Springer, 73–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Lexicography.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2017. Scientists Are Running For Congress Because ‘The Future Hangs In The Balance’. IFLScience. IFLScience. (30 October, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Electronic Government: Proposal Addresses Critical Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amezcua, D. 2016. Increasing academic success for foster youth: Educational workshops and resource guides: A grant proposal. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Van Gelder, S. K. C. by L. 2004. ‘Arts, Briefly; Saving Shostakovich’. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2003, Que and Tolman 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Que and Tolman 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (DiVincenzo … Whaley 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Lexicography
ISSN (print)0950-3846
ISSN (online)1477-4577
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics

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