How to format your references using the International Journal of Industrial Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Industrial Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liman, E.R., 2012. Cell signaling. Putting the squeeze on phototransduction. Science 338, 200–201.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kambe, T., Oshima, K., 2014. Dynamically fluctuating electric dipole moments in fullerene-based magnets. Sci. Rep. 4, 6419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Connors, M., Wiegert, P., Veillet, C., 2011. Earth’s Trojan asteroid. Nature 475, 481–483.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Côté, M., Misasi, J., Ren, T., Bruchez, A., Lee, K., Filone, C.M., Hensley, L., Li, Q., Ory, D., Chandran, K., Cunningham, J., 2011. Small molecule inhibitors reveal Niemann-Pick C1 is essential for Ebola virus infection. Nature 477, 344–348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M.R., Islam, J.S., Zatzman, G.M., Mughal, M.A.H., Rahman, M.S., 2015. The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cerone, A., Persico, D., Fernandes, S., Garcia-Perez, A., Katsaros, P., Shaikh, S.A., Stamelos, I. (Eds.), 2014. Information Technology and Open Source: Applications for Education, Innovation, and Sustainability: SEFM 2012 Satellite Events, InSuEdu, MoKMaSD, and OpenCert Thessaloniki, Greece, October 1–2, 2012 Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pechan, P., 2011. The Food Choices We Make, in: Renn, O., Watt, A., Pongratz, I. (Eds.), Safe or Not Safe: Deciding What Risks to Accept in Our Environment and Food. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 101–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Industrial Organization.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. NASA’s HiRISE Camera Shows The Frosty Valleys Of Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Space Shuttle: Actions Needed to Better Position NASA to Sustain Its Workforce Through Retirement (No. GAO-05-230). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powers, D.L., 2010. Teachers’ perceptions of the effects of No Child Left Behind on classroom instruction: A cross case analysis applying Dewey’s theory of instructional methods (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reichardt, K., 2008. Favorites, From Some Insiders. New York Times MT12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liman, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kambe and Oshima, 2014; Liman, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kambe and Oshima, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Côté et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Industrial Organization
AbbreviationInt. J. Ind. Organ.
ISSN (print)0167-7187
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Aerospace Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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