How to format your references using the International Journal of Industrial Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Industrial Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roses, A.D., 2000. Pharmacogenetics and the practice of medicine. Nature 405, 857–865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hench, L.L., Polak, J.M., 2002. Third-generation biomedical materials. Science 295, 1014–1017.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gawronski, H., Mehlhorn, M., Morgenstern, K., 2008. Imaging phonon excitation with atomic resolution. Science 319, 930–933.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Essers, M.A.G., Offner, S., Blanco-Bose, W.E., Waibler, Z., Kalinke, U., Duchosal, M.A., Trumpp, A., 2009. IFNalpha activates dormant haematopoietic stem cells in vivo. Nature 458, 904–908.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feldmann, D., 2015. Social Movements For Good. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bondeson, A., 2005. Computational Electromagnetics, Texts in Applied Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Wan, K., Alagar, V., 2008. An Intensional Functional Model of Trust, in: Karabulut, Y., Mitchell, J., Herrmann, P., Jensen, C.D. (Eds.), Trust Management II: Proceedings of IFIPTM 2008: Joint ITrust and PST Conferences on Privacy, Trust Management and Security, June 18-20, 2008, Trondheim, Norway, IFIP – The International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Industrial Organization.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New Species of Microbes That ‘Breathe’ Sulfate Discovered Under Ocean Crust [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Aircraft Certification: Limited Progress on Developing International Design Standards (No. RCED-92-179). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shurts, C., 2010. Superstructure (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2008. Working to Restore Help for AIDS Patients. New York Times LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roses, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hench and Polak, 2002; Roses, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hench and Polak, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Essers et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Industrial Organization
AbbreviationInt. J. Ind. Organ.
ISSN (print)0167-7187
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Aerospace Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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