How to format your references using the International Journal of Industrial Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Industrial Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosenzweig, A.C., 2015. Biochemistry: Breaking methane. Nature 518, 309–310.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X., Chen, X.J., 2015. A cytosolic network suppressing mitochondria-mediated proteostatic stress and cell death. Nature 524, 481–484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, Z., Cheng, Y., Schwingenschlögl, U., 2014. Pressure controlled transition into a self-induced topological superconducting surface state. Sci. Rep. 4, 4025.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bastarache, L., Hughey, J.J., Hebbring, S., Marlo, J., Zhao, W., Ho, W.T., Van Driest, S.L., McGregor, T.L., Mosley, J.D., Wells, Q.S., Temple, M., Ramirez, A.H., Carroll, R., Osterman, T., Edwards, T., Ruderfer, D., Velez Edwards, D.R., Hamid, R., Cogan, J., Glazer, A., Wei, W.-Q., Feng, Q., Brilliant, M., Zhao, Z.J., Cox, N.J., Roden, D.M., Denny, J.C., 2018. Phenotype risk scores identify patients with unrecognized Mendelian disease patterns. Science 359, 1233–1239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kissell, J., 2009. Mac® Security Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Ruben, P.C. (Ed.), 2014. Voltage Gated Sodium Channels, Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Borsci, S., Federici, S., Mele, M.L., Conti, M., 2015. Short Scales of Satisfaction Assessment: A Proxy to Involve Disabled Users in the Usability Testing of Websites, in: Kurosu, M. (Ed.), Human-Computer Interaction: Users and Contexts: 17th International Conference, HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part III, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Industrial Organization.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Is Radiation From Your Mobile Phone Killing Your Sperm? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Federal Communications Commission: Broadcast Services, Television Broadcast Stations, and TV Transmission Standards (No. OGC-97-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herron, J., 2017. The Use of Evidence Based Interventions in the Classroom for Students with Disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J., 2016. A Marathon Back Door That Leads to a Cause. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rosenzweig, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rosenzweig, 2015; Wang and Chen, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Chen, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bastarache et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Industrial Organization
AbbreviationInt. J. Ind. Organ.
ISSN (print)0167-7187
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Aerospace Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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