How to format your references using the International Journal of Impact Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Impact Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Farokhzad OC. Nanotechnology: Platelet mimicry. Nature 2015;526:47–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Patrinos AAN, Bradley RA. Environment. Energy and technology policies for managing carbon risk. Science 2009;325:949–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Aronov D, Andalman AS, Fee MS. A specialized forebrain circuit for vocal babbling in the juvenile songbird. Science 2008;320:630–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hawthorne MF, Zink JI, Skelton JM, Bayer MJ, Liu C, Livshits E, et al. Electrical or photocontrol of the rotary motion of a metallacarborane. Science 2004;303:1849–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ng KK. Complete Guide to Semiconductor Devices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Gonzalez-Feliu J, Semet F, Routhier J-L, editors. Sustainable Urban Logistics: Concepts, Methods and Information Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Albert E, Correas J, Román-Díez G. Resource Analysis of Distributed Systems. In: Ábrahám E, Bonsangue M, Johnsen EB, editors. Theory and Practice of Formal Methods: Essays Dedicated to Frank de Boer on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Impact Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Gustavito The Beloved Hippo Murdered In El Salvador Zoo. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/gustavito-the-beloved-hippo-murdered-in-el-salvador-zoo/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Revenue Sources, Uses, and Spending Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Beattie LJ. Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Baker L. Retirement Homes Go High-Rise and Urban. New York Times 2007:BU15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Impact Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Impact Eng.
ISSN (print)0734-743X
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Automotive Engineering
Civil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ocean Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Other styles