How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Diabetes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Diabetes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Horton B. Georgia realizes the commercial potential of science. Nature 2000;404:794.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Palmer TN, Räisänen J. Quantifying the risk of extreme seasonal precipitation events in a changing climate. Nature 2002;415:512–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Allanore A, Yin L, Sadoway DR. A new anode material for oxygen evolution in molten oxide electrolysis. Nature 2013;497:353–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ye M, Sanchez HM, Hultz M, Yang Z, Bogorad M, Wong AD, et al. Brain microvascular endothelial cells resist elongation due to curvature and shear stress. Sci Rep 2014;4:4681.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chandrasekaran S. Health, Safety, and Environmental Management in Offshore and Petroleum Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Turksen K, editor. Biology in Stem Cell Niche. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Anzalone SM, Chetouani M. Tracking Posture and Head Movements of Impaired People During Interactions with Robots. In: Petrosino A, Maddalena L, Pala P, editors. New Trends in Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: ICIAP 2013 International Workshops, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 41–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Diabetes.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Black Holes Are Even Stranger Than You Can Imagine. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. School Facilities: Profiles of School Condition by State. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Garbarini L. Comparison of the Completion Pathways of Four Categories of Doctoral Students from a Midwestern University. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. A Prince’s Kingdom is Scattered to the Winds. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Diabetes
ISSN (print)1499-2671
Scope

Other styles