How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Diabetes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Diabetes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Wickware P. US minorities stake their claim in science and engineering. Nature 2000;405:717–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bochman ML, Schwacha A. DNA replication: Strand separation unravelled. Nature 2015;524:166–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bortnik J, Thorne RM, Meredith NP. The unexpected origin of plasmaspheric hiss from discrete chorus emissions. Nature 2008;452:62–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Novoselov KS, Geim AK, Morozov SV, Jiang D, Zhang Y, Dubonos SV, et al. Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films. Science 2004;306:666–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lagraña F. E-mail and Behavioral Changes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
de la Garza-Salazar JG, Meneses-Garcia A, Arce-Salinas C, editors. Inflammatory Breast Cancer. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Richter K-F, Winter S. Conceptual Aspects: How Landmarks Can Be Described in Data Models. In: Winter S, editor. Landmarks: GIScience for Intelligent Services, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 109–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Diabetes.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Symbiotic Partnership Between Monkeys and Wolves Discovered. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/monkey-wolf-symbiosis/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Educational Achievement Standards: NAGB’s Approach Yields Misleading Interpretations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wuebbels PJ. Effectiveness of Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum on Middle School Reading Comprehension and Preparation for Common Core State Standards. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. Revisiting the Classics Of an Earlier Generation. New York Times 2013:E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Diabetes
ISSN (print)1499-2671
Scope

Other styles