How to format your references using the International Journal of Humanoid Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Humanoid Robotics (IJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. A. Buffett, Geophysics. The thermal state of Earth’s core, Science 299 (2003) 1675–1677.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Weiss and R. S. Bradley, Archaeology. What drives societal collapse?, Science 291 (2001) 609–610.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Madhu, V. Veeramani and S.-M. Chen, Heteroatom-enriched and renewable banana-stem-derived porous carbon for the electrochemical determination of nitrite in various water samples, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4679.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
Y. Chen, Y.-L. Li, G.-T. Zhou, H. Li, Y.-T. Lin, X. Xiao and F.-P. Wang, Biomineralization mediated by anaerobic methane-consuming cell consortia, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. M. Evans and J. C. Furlong, Environmental Biotechnology (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010).
An edited book
R. Hu, J. Liu and M. Zhai (eds.), Mineral Resources Science in China: A Roadmap to 2050 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
M. A. Rodrigo, P. Cañizares, J. Lobato and C. Sáez, Modeling of Electrochemical Process for the Treatment of Wastewater Containing Organic Pollutants, in Electrochemistry for the Environment, eds. C. Comninellis and G. Chen (Springer, New York, NY, 2010), pp. 99–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Humanoid Robotics.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Experiment Fails To Find Dark Matter After 20 Months Of Searching, IFLScience, 2016. . Available at: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Surface Transportation: Preliminary Observations on Efforts to Restructure Current Program (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. A. Moreau, Touch and psychotherapy: A journey to the depths of the unconscious and back again (Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, When a County Runs Off the Cliff, New York Times (2012) BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Humanoid Robotics
AbbreviationInt. J. HR
ISSN (print)0219-8436
ISSN (online)1793-6942
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Mechanical Engineering

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