How to format your references using the International Journal of Humanoid Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Humanoid Robotics (IJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. F. Dernburg, Molecular biology. RNA plays meiotic matchmaker, Science 336 (2012) 681–682.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. A. Fischbach and C. T. Walsh, Biochemistry. Directing biosynthesis, Science 314 (2006) 603–605.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. King, J. Pan and M. E. Roberts, Political science. Reverse-engineering censorship in China: randomized experimentation and participant observation, Science 345 (2014) 1251722.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
B. Grima, E. Chélot, R. Xia and F. Rouyer, Morning and evening peaks of activity rely on different clock neurons of the Drosophila brain, Nature 431 (2004) 869–873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Holloway and C. Nwaoha, Dictionary of Industrial Terms (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012).
An edited book
R. Alhajj and J. Rokne (eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining (Springer, New York, NY, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
A. Zeller, Mining Models, in Model Checking Software: 19th International Workshop, SPIN 2012, Oxford, UK, July 23-24, 2012. Proceedings, eds. A. Donaldson and D. Parker (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012), pp. 23–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Humanoid Robotics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Hang Gliders Could Be Heading To Mars, IFLScience, 2015. . Available at: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Excluded Parties List System: Suspended and Debarred Businesses and Individuals Improperly Receive Federal Funds (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. B. Friedlander, Limited Sight Distance (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Latimer, How to Get Trump to Withdraw, New York Times (2016) A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Humanoid Robotics
AbbreviationInt. J. HR
ISSN (print)0219-8436
ISSN (online)1793-6942
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Mechanical Engineering

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