How to format your references using the International Journal of Humanoid Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Humanoid Robotics (IJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. S. Donnenberg, Pathogenic strategies of enteric bacteria, Nature 406 (2000) 768–774.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Rao and S. Sockanathan, Transmembrane protein GDE2 induces motor neuron differentiation in vivo, Science 309 (2005) 2212–2215.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. J. R. Thornalley, H. Elderfield and I. N. McCave, Holocene oscillations in temperature and salinity of the surface subpolar North Atlantic, Nature 457 (2009) 711–714.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
K. Tomeoka, K. Kiriyama, K. Nakamura, Y. Yamahana and T. Sekine, Interplanetary dust from the explosive dispersal of hydrated asteroids by impacts, Nature 423 (2003) 60–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. T. Ahonen, m-Profits (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006).
An edited book
K. Vitale (ed.), Environmental and Food Safety and Security for South-East Europe and Ukraine (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
A. Penna, M. Rota, A. Galasco and A. Mouyiannou, Towards the Use of Time-History Analysis for the Seismic Assessment of Masonry Structures, in Seismic Assessment, Behavior and Retrofit of Heritage Buildings and Monuments, eds. I. N. Psycharis, S. J. Pantazopoulou and M. Papadrakakis (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015), pp. 83–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Humanoid Robotics.

Blog post
J. Davis, Atmospheric CO2 Levels Likely To Break Historic Threshold In 2016, IFLScience, 2016. . Available at: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Computer Procurement: FAA’s $1.5-Billion Computer Resources Nucleus Project (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Sheldon, The impact of power restoration and narcissism on aggression (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, Their Daily Flatbread, New York Times (2009) NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Humanoid Robotics
AbbreviationInt. J. HR
ISSN (print)0219-8436
ISSN (online)1793-6942
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles