How to format your references using the International Journal of Humanoid Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Humanoid Robotics (IJHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. D. Graham, Fluid dynamics: Turbulence spreads like wildfire, Nature 526 (2015) 508–509.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Holyoake and D. Vetrie, Cancer: Repositioned to kill stem cells, Nature 525 (2015) 328–329.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Zhang, C. T. Chan and X. Hu, Broadband focusing and collimation of water waves by zero refractive index, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6979.
A journal article with 31 or more authors
T. Berndt, O. Böge, F. Stratmann, J. Heintzenberg and M. Kulmala, Rapid formation of sulfuric acid particles at near-atmospheric conditions, Science 307 (2005) 698–700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Prutchi and S. R. Prutchi, Exploring Quantum Physics Through Hands-On Projects (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012).
An edited book
Y. Manolopoulos, J. Filipe, P. Constantopoulos and J. Cordeiro (eds.), Enterprise Information Systems: 8th International Conference, ICEIS 2006, Paphos, Cyprus, May 23-27, 2006 , Revised Selected Papers (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008).
A chapter in an edited book
R. Parkhill, V. Belton, U. Bititci, A. Roberts and M. Smith, Using Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis to Aid the Selection of Enterprise Resource Planning Software: A Case Study, in Innovation through Knowledge Transfer, ed. R. J. Howlett (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010), pp. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Humanoid Robotics.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, We’ll Have To Wait A Bit Longer For This Car To Go 1,000 Miles Per Hour, IFLScience, 2017. . Available at: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Higher Education: Issues Related to Law School Accreditation (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. M. Vidal, Alcohol disorder with hip or knee surgery: Postoperative alcohol disorder-related costs and length of stay (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, It’s Fresh, Local and Elegant, New York Times (2009) NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Humanoid Robotics
AbbreviationInt. J. HR
ISSN (print)0219-8436
ISSN (online)1793-6942
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Mechanical Engineering

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