How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Economics and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Economics and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sterner, T. (2015). Economics: Higher costs of climate change. Nature, 527(7577), 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sholl, D. S., & Johnson, J. K. (2006). Materials science. Making high-flux membranes with carbon nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1003–1004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davidson, E. A., Trumbore, S. E., & Amundson, R. (2000). Soil warming and organic carbon content. Nature, 408(6814), 789–790.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Asai, T., Tena, G., Plotnikova, J., Willmann, M. R., Chiu, W.-L., Gomez-Gomez, L., et al. (2002). MAP kinase signalling cascade in Arabidopsis innate immunity. Nature, 415(6875), 977–983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langley-Evans, S. (2015). Nutrition, health and disease. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gorenflo, R. (2014). Mittag-Leffler Functions, Related Topics and Applications: Theory and Applications. (A. A. Kilbas, F. Mainardi, & S. V. Rogosin, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Dyke Parunak, H., Brueckner, S., Downs, E. A., & Sappelsa, L. (2013). Swarming Estimation of Realistic Mental Models. In F. Giardini & F. Amblard (Eds.), Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XIII: International Workshop, MABS 2012, Valencia, Spain, June 4-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 43–55). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Economics and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 13). Bizarre Deformed “Unicorn” Found In Slovenia. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Federal Research: SEMATECH’s Technological Progress and Proposed R&D Program (No. RCED-92-223BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arzaga, C. B. (2012). Homeless shelter program for the elderly in Los Angeles, California: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, January 17). Young Stars Climb Rankings, Jolting Russia’s Dormant Men’s Game to Life. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sterner 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sholl and Johnson 2006; Sterner 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sholl and Johnson 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Asai et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Economics and Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Econ. Manag.
ISSN (print)2199-9023
ISSN (online)2199-9031
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

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