How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Economics and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Economics and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Narbonne, G. M. (2004). Modular construction of early Ediacaran complex life forms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5687), 1141–1144.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aychek, T., & Jung, S. (2014). Immunology. The axis of tolerance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6178), 1439–1440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ochman, H., Lawrence, J. G., & Groisman, E. A. (2000). Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation. Nature, 405(6784), 299–304.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ogawa, M., Yoshimori, T., Suzuki, T., Sagara, H., Mizushima, N., & Sasakawa, C. (2005). Escape of intracellular Shigella from autophagy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 727–731.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kimball, R., & Ross, M. (2015). The Kimball Group Reader. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ferraro, P., Wax, A., & Zalevsky, Z. (Eds.). (2011). Coherent Light Microscopy: Imaging and Quantitative Phase Analysis (Vol. 46). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mills, P. R. (2009). Folk Housing in the Middle of the Pacific: Architectural Lime, Creolized Ideologies, and Expressions of Power in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii. In C. White (Ed.), The Materiality of Individuality: Archaeological Studies of Individual Lives (pp. 75–91). New York, NY: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Economics and Management.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, May 30). Dream Disorders Could Be Early Indicator Of Future Brain Disease. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Space Transportation: Challenges Facing NASA’s Space Launch Initiative (No. GAO-02-1020). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sikorsky, A. A. (2014). Concentration enhancement and device fabrication for the improved performance of gradient elution moving boundary electrophoresis (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2010, August 18). Pension Fraud By New Jersey Cited by S.E.C. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Narbonne 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Aychek and Jung 2014; Narbonne 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aychek and Jung 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogawa et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Economics and Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Econ. Manag.
ISSN (print)2199-9023
ISSN (online)2199-9031
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

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