How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Economics and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Economics and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diallinas, G. (2008). Biochemistry. An almost-complete movie. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5908), 1644–1645.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerszten, R. E., & Wang, T. J. (2008). The search for new cardiovascular biomarkers. Nature, 451(7181), 949–952.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sellman, B. R., Mourez, M., & Collier, R. J. (2001). Dominant-negative mutants of a toxin subunit: an approach to therapy of anthrax. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5517), 695–697.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Arcizet, O., Cohadon, P.-F., Briant, T., Pinard, M., & Heidmann, A. (2006). Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror. Nature, 444(7115), 71–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forshaw, M. (2006). Understanding Headaches and Migraines. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Stolzenburg, J.-U., Gettman, M. T., & Liatsikos, E. N. (Eds.). (2007). Endoscopic Extraperitoneal Radical Prostatectomy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwartz, B. J., Blackmore, M. A., Wetzler, S., & Chung, H. (2014). Psychiatrist’s Changing Role in a Reformed Delivery System: Adding Value in Accountable Care Organizations. In P. Summergrad & R. G. Kathol (Eds.), Integrated Care in Psychiatry: Redefining the Role of Mental Health Professionals in the Medical Setting (pp. 69–85). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Economics and Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, September 7). Rwanda Names 24 New Baby Gorillas In Annual Ceremony. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Telecommunications: Comprehensive Review of U.S. Spectrum Management with Broad Stakeholder Involvement Is Needed (No. GAO-03-277). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, A. R. (2013). Computerized physician order entry: An outlook on successful implementation among ambulatory care settings (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, May 16). Mets Hope a Little Rest Will Suffice for Cabrera. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diallinas 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Diallinas 2008; Gerszten and Wang 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerszten and Wang 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Arcizet et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Economics and Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Econ. Manag.
ISSN (print)2199-9023
ISSN (online)2199-9031
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

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