How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Economics and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Economics and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoare, M. G. (2015). Astronomy. How young stars grow and become focused. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6230), 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koch, S. W., & Knorr, A. (2001). Applied physics. Optics in the nano-world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5538), 2217–2218.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bala, A. D. S., Spitzer, M. W., & Takahashi, T. T. (2003). Prediction of auditory spatial acuity from neural images on the owl’s auditory space map. Nature, 424(6950), 771–774.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Garcia, V., Bibes, M., Bocher, L., Valencia, S., Kronast, F., Crassous, A., et al. (2010). Ferroelectric control of spin polarization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5969), 1106–1110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman, N. P. (2012). Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cormode, G., & Thottan, M. (Eds.). (2010). Algorithms for Next Generation Networks. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kutrib, M., & Worsch, T. (2014). Degrees of Reversibility for DFA and DPDA. In S. Yamashita & S.-I. Minato (Eds.), Reversible Computation: 6th International Conference, RC 2014, Kyoto, Japan, July 10-11, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 40–53). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Economics and Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 14). US Beekeepers Lost 40% Of Bees Last Year Alone. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened (No. GAO-09-414T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scheepers, E. M. (2014). Psychotherapists’ use of outcome measures in psychotherapy practice: Differences related to academic background (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, June 15). Harvey, Walker and Lagares Join the Mets’ Lengthy Injured List. New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoare 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hoare 2015; Koch and Knorr 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koch and Knorr 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Garcia et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Economics and Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Econ. Manag.
ISSN (print)2199-9023
ISSN (online)2199-9031
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

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