How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Economics and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Economics and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hengartner, M. O. (2001). Apoptosis. DNA destroyers. Nature, 412(6842), 27, 29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bekerman, E., & Einav, S. (2015). Infectious disease. Combating emerging viral threats. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6232), 282–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spandler, C., O’Neill, H. S. C., & Kamenetsky, V. S. (2007). Survival times of anomalous melt inclusions from element diffusion in olivine and chromite. Nature, 447(7142), 303–306.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kubo, K.-I., Entani, T., Takara, A., Wang, N., Fields, A. M., Hua, Z., et al. (2010). Collaborative non-self recognition system in S-RNase-based self-incompatibility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6005), 796–799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCall, M. W. (2010). Classical Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Baake, P., & Borck, R. (Eds.). (2007). Public Economics and Public Choice: Contributions in Honor of Charles B. Blankart. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wiegandt, E. (2008). From Principles to Action: Incentives to Enforce Common Property Water Management. In E. Wiegandt (Ed.), Mountains: Sources of Water, Sources of Knowledge (pp. 63–79). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Economics and Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 26). Scientists Turn Blood Cells Into Neurons. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Vehicle Safety: Enhanced Project Management of New Information Technology Could Help Improve NHTSA’s Oversight of Safety Defects (No. GAO-16-312). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayer, E. W. (2013). An N-gram enhanced learning classifier for Chinese character recognition (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sbarbaro, J. A. (2017, March 22). Standard Morning Fare, on the Go. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hengartner 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bekerman and Einav 2015; Hengartner 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bekerman and Einav 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kubo et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Economics and Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Econ. Manag.
ISSN (print)2199-9023
ISSN (online)2199-9031
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

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