How to format your references using the International Journal of Health Economics and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Health Economics and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Read, P. (2013). Planetary science: plumbing the depths of Uranus and Neptune. Nature, 497(7449), 323–324.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hachet, O., & Ephrussi, A. (2004). Splicing of oskar RNA in the nucleus is coupled to its cytoplasmic localization. Nature, 428(6986), 959–963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Magavi, S. S., Leavitt, B. R., & Macklis, J. D. (2000). Induction of neurogenesis in the neocortex of adult mice. Nature, 405(6789), 951–955.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jiang, D., Hao, M., Fu, J., Zhuang, D., & Huang, Y. (2014). Spatial-temporal variation of marginal land suitable for energy plants from 1990 to 2010 in China. Scientific reports, 4, 5816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barron, R. F., & Barron, B. R. (2011). Design for Thermal Stresses. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Madsen, S. J. (Ed.). (2013). Optical Methods and Instrumentation in Brain Imaging and Therapy (Vol. 3). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bandyopadhyay, B., Deepak, F., & Kim, K.-S. (2009). An Improvement in Performance of Input-Delay System Using Nonlinear Sliding Surface. In F. Deepak & K.-S. Kim (Eds.), Sliding Mode Control Using Novel Sliding Surfaces (pp. 65–81). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Health Economics and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 4). Eleven Body Fluids We Couldn’t Live Without. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Education and Outreach Programs Target Safety and Consumer Issues, but Gaps in Planning and Evaluation Remain (No. GAO-06-103). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mosing, P. R. (2009). Maternal perceptions of their infants: Do perceptions predict maternal motivation to nurture? (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Haberman, M. (2017, May 18). An Overseas Trip Comes at a Crucial Time, but Trump Is a Reluctant Traveler. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Read 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hachet and Ephrussi 2004; Read 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hachet and Ephrussi 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Health Economics and Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Health Econ. Manag.
ISSN (print)2199-9023
ISSN (online)2199-9031
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Health Policy

Other styles