How to format your references using the International Journal of Geo-Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Geo-Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Meyer R (2012) Finding the true value of US climate science. Nature 482:133
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Moore JS, Kraft ML (2008) Chemistry. Synchronized self-assembly. Science 320:620–621
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Winn JN, Rusin D, Kochanek CS (2004) The central image of a gravitationally lensed quasar. Nature 427:613–615
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Feddema JJ, Oleson KW, Bonan GB, et al (2005) The importance of land-cover change in simulating future climates. Science 310:1674–1678

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Grimes RA (2017) Hacking the Hacker. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana
An edited book
1.
Gamage DT (2006) Professional Development for Leaders and Managers of Self-Governing Schools. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Menon PG, Adhyapak SM, Parachuri VR (2014) Analysis of Cardiac MRI Based Regional Timing of Left Ventricular Mechanical Contraction as a Biomarker for Electrical Dyssynchrony in Heart-Failure Patients. In: Zhang YJ, Tavares JMRS (eds) Computational Modeling of Objects Presented in Images. Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications: 4th International Conference, CompIMAGE 2014, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, September 3-5, 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 48–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Geo-Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2017) Well-Meaning New Zealander’s Are Killing Endangered Birds By Accident. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/wellmeaning-new-zealanders-are-killing-endangered-birds-by-accident/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2014) Commercial Space Launches: FAA’s Risk Assessment Process Is Not Yet Updated. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alimo CJ (2010) From dialogue to action: The development of White racial allies. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stack L, Healy J (2015) They Shared Their Working Hours, and Their Dying Moments. New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Geo-Engineering
ISSN (print)2092-9196
ISSN (online)2198-2783
Scope

Other styles