How to format your references using the International Journal of Geo-Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Geo-Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P (2004) The joy of the lab. Nature 431:227
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Deming D, Seager S (2009) Light and shadow from distant worlds. Nature 462:301–306
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kennedy HJ, Crawford AC, Fettiplace R (2005) Force generation by mammalian hair bundles supports a role in cochlear amplification. Nature 433:880–883
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Ratje AH, Loerke J, Mikolajka A, et al (2010) Head swivel on the ribosome facilitates translocation by means of intra-subunit tRNA hybrid sites. Nature 468:713–716

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Brunet R (2013) Sustainable Geography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Czichos H, Saito T, Smith L (2011) Springer Handbook of Metrology and Testing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Schöll E, Hövel P, Flunkert V, Dahlem MA (2010) Time-Delayed Feedback Control: From Simple Models to Lasers and Neural Systems. In: Atay FM (ed) Complex Time-Delay Systems: Theory and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–150

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Geo-Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) 99% Of All Seabird Species Will Likely Be Eating Plastic By 2050. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1995) [Comments on Claim for Additional Charges on FAA Shipment]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bennett MA (2017) The Underrepresentation of Registered Nurses in Hospital CEO Positions: A Grounded Theory Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Grynbaum MM, Herrman J (2016) Breitbart Gains Voice in White House. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Geo-Engineering
ISSN (print)2092-9196
ISSN (online)2198-2783
Scope

Other styles