How to format your references using the International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaspar, P.P., 2002. Silicon chemistry. R3Si+--free at last. Science 297, 785–786.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Opstal, E.J., Bordenstein, S.R., 2015. MICROBIOME. Rethinking heritability of the microbiome. Science 349, 1172–1173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhagat, D., Samanta, S.K., Bhattacharya, S., 2013. Efficient management of fruit pests by pheromone nanogels. Sci. Rep. 3, 1294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujita, S., Yamanoi, S., Murata, K., Mita, H., Samukawa, T., Nakagawa, T., Sakai, H., Tokita, Y., 2014. A repeatedly refuelable mediated biofuel cell based on a hierarchical porous carbon electrode. Sci. Rep. 4, 4937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski, A., Ben-Hamida, S., 2017. Evolutionary Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Westerheijden, D.F., Stensaker, B., Rosa, M.J. (Eds.), 2007. Quality Assurance In Higher Education: Trends in Regulation, Translation and Transformation, Higher Education Dynamics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Zentes, J., Morschett, D., Schramm-Klein, H., 2012. Online Retailing and Multichannel Retailing, in: Morschett, D., Schramm-Klein, H. (Eds.), Strategic Retail Management: Text and International Cases. Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 71–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Nazi WW2 Codebreaking Machine Found On eBay For Just $14 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Intellectual Property: Economic Arrangements Among Small Webcasters and Third Parties and Their Effect on Royalties (No. GAO-04-700). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spencer, K.H., 2008. Exploring the impact of problem -focused case writing pedagogy on novice teachers’ beliefs and practices concerning effective instructional intervention for young children and families (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Presents Hard Line To Bring In North Carolina. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaspar, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gaspar, 2002; van Opstal and Bordenstein, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Opstal and Bordenstein, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujita et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Gastron. Food Sci.
ISSN (print)1878-450X
ScopeFood Science
Cultural Studies

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