How to format your references using the International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M., 2012. Functional genomics: The changes that count. Nature 482, 257, 259–62.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keller, C.B., Schoene, B., 2012. Statistical geochemistry reveals disruption in secular lithospheric evolution about 2.5 Gyr ago. Nature 485, 490–493.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambur, J.B., Novet, T., Parkinson, B.A., 2010. Multiple exciton collection in a sensitized photovoltaic system. Science 330, 63–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bech, M., Tapfer, A., Velroyen, A., Yaroshenko, A., Pauwels, B., Hostens, J., Bruyndonckx, P., Sasov, A., Pfeiffer, F., 2013. In-vivo dark-field and phase-contrast x-ray imaging. Sci. Rep. 3, 3209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morrison, T.J., 2000. Functional Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Delle Fave, A. (Ed.), 2013. The Exploration of Happiness: Present and Future Perspectives, Happiness Studies Book Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Du, H., Dimitrova, V., Magee, D., Stirling, R., Curioni, G., Reeves, H., Clarke, B., Cohn, A., 2016. An Ontology of Soil Properties and Processes, in: Groth, P., Simperl, E., Gray, A., Sabou, M., Krötzsch, M., Lecue, F., Flöck, F., Gil, Y. (Eds.), The Semantic Web – ISWC 2016: 15th International Semantic Web Conference, Kobe, Japan, October 17–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 30–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. NASA Plans To Send People To Mars By 2035 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Telecommunications: Survey of State Regulatory Commissions (GAO-08-662SP, June 2008), an E-supplement to GAO-08-633 (No. GAO-08-662SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin, J.C., 2008. Tbx18 and the epicardium in cardiac development and regenerative medicine (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. For Roosevelt Schools, New Year and New Woes. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2012; Keller and Schoene, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keller and Schoene, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Bech et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Gastron. Food Sci.
ISSN (print)1878-450X
ScopeFood Science
Cultural Studies

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