How to format your references using the International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, B.G., 2004. Biochemistry. Mimicking posttranslational modifications of proteins. Science 303, 480–482.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sabado, R.L., Bhardwaj, N., 2015. Cancer immunotherapy: dendritic-cell vaccines on the move. Nature 519, 300–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schall, J.D., Paré, M., Woodman, G.F., 2007. Comment on “Top-down versus bottom-up control of attention in the prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices.” Science 318, 44; author reply 44.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brown, A.E.X., Litvinov, R.I., Discher, D.E., Purohit, P.K., Weisel, J.W., 2009. Multiscale mechanics of fibrin polymer: gel stretching with protein unfolding and loss of water. Science 325, 741–744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zink, M., 2005. Scalable Video on Demand. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Natal Jorge, R.M., Tavares, J.M.R.S., Pinotti Barbosa, M., Slade, A.P. (Eds.), 2012. Technologies for Medical Sciences, Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Louw, R., Saayman, A., 2013. Forecasting Tourism Demand for South Africa Using a Single Equation Causal Approach, in: Matias, Á., Nijkamp, P., Sarmento, M. (Eds.), Quantitative Methods in Tourism Economics. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp. 79–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. The Universe Isn’t Accelerating As Fast As We Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Need for More Effective Management of Transportation Data Systems (No. LCD-75-205). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coppock, J.E., 2017. Optical and Magnetic Measurements of a Levitated, Gyroscopically Stabilized Graphene Nanoplatelet (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J., 2017. Male Cuttlefish Tangle in Rare Physical Conflict. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Davis, 2004; Sabado and Bhardwaj, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sabado and Bhardwaj, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Brown et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Gastron. Food Sci.
ISSN (print)1878-450X
ScopeFood Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles