How to format your references using the International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A., 2000. SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION: Push to Revive Pluto Mission May Mean Competition for JPL. Science 290, 1270–1271.
A journal article with 2 authors
Léopold, P., Layalle, S., 2006. Development biology. Linking nutrition and tissue growth. Science 312, 1317–1318.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baran, P.S., Maimone, T.J., Richter, J.M., 2007. Total synthesis of marine natural products without using protecting groups. Nature 446, 404–408.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Walter, K.M., Edwards, M.E., Grosse, G., Zimov, S.A., Chapin, F.S., 3rd, 2007. Thermokarst lakes as a source of atmospheric CH4 during the last deglaciation. Science 318, 633–636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Senez, V., Thomy, V., Dufour, R., 2014. Nanotechnologies for Synthetic Super Non-Wetting Surfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lang, F., Flammini, F. (Eds.), 2014. Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems: 19th International Conference, FMICS 2014, Florence, Italy, September 11-12, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Amerio, L., 2011. Almost-Periodic Equations in Hilbert Spaces, in: Amerio, L. (Ed.), Equazioni Differenziali Astratte. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 223–239.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Shell Fossils Suggest Our Prehistoric Ancestors Brought Tools to Europe Via the Near East [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Highway Trust Fund: All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes from 2005 to 2009 (No. GAO-11-918). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diaz, D., 2015. A discrete hollow—Los Angeles (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Bush Appeals to Justices on Detainees Case. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler, 2000; Léopold and Layalle, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Léopold and Layalle, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Walter et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Gastron. Food Sci.
ISSN (print)1878-450X
ScopeFood Science
Cultural Studies

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