How to format your references using the International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grangier, P., 2011. Physics. Make it quantum and continuous. Science 332, 313–314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lasaga, A.C., Luttge, A., 2001. Variation of crystal dissolution rate based on a dissolution stepwave model. Science 291, 2400–2404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ramer, M.S., Priestley, J.V., McMahon, S.B., 2000. Functional regeneration of sensory axons into the adult spinal cord. Nature 403, 312–316.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ochiai, H., Sugawara, T., Sakuma, T., Yamamoto, T., 2014. Stochastic promoter activation affects Nanog expression variability in mouse embryonic stem cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 7125.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Snopek, L., 2012. The Complete Guide to Portfolio Construction and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Tserpes, K.I., Silvestre, N. (Eds.), 2014. Modeling of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and their Composites, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chenlo, J.M., Parapar, J., Losada, D.E., 2013. Comments-Oriented Query Expansion for Opinion Retrieval in Blogs, in: Bielza, C., Salmerón, A., Alonso-Betanzos, A., Hidalgo, J.I., Martínez, L., Troncoso, A., Corchado, E., Corchado, J.M. (Eds.), Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 15th Conference of the Spanish Association for Artificial Intelligence, CAEPIA 2013, Madrid, Spain, September 17-20, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 32–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Octomom Brooded Her Eggs for Record-Breaking Four-and-a-Half Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Building Partner Capacity: Actions Needed to Strengthen DOD Efforts to Assess the Performance of the Regional Centers for Security Studies (No. GAO-13-606). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chaves, J.S., 2009. Novel approach for the creation of thin films and interconnects using single walled carbon nanotubes inkjet technology and bacteria (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Endrst, J., 2016. Hugh O’Brian, Dashing Leading Man Remembered for ‘Wyatt Earp,’ Dies at 91. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grangier, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Grangier, 2011; Lasaga and Luttge, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lasaga and Luttge, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ochiai et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science
AbbreviationInt. J. Gastron. Food Sci.
ISSN (print)1878-450X
ScopeFood Science
Cultural Studies

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