How to format your references using the International Journal of Fuzzy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Fuzzy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stairs, I.H.: Pulsars in binary systems: probing binary stellar evolution and general relativity. Science. 304, 547–552 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Pelkmans, L., Zerial, M.: Kinase-regulated quantal assemblies and kiss-and-run recycling of caveolae. Nature. 436, 128–133 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, H., Cheng, Y.-C., Fleming, G.R.: Coherence dynamics in photosynthesis: protein protection of excitonic coherence. Science. 316, 1462–1465 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Prochnik, S.E., Umen, J., Nedelcu, A.M., Hallmann, A., Miller, S.M., Nishii, I., Ferris, P., Kuo, A., Mitros, T., Fritz-Laylin, L.K., Hellsten, U., Chapman, J., Simakov, O., Rensing, S.A., Terry, A., Pangilinan, J., Kapitonov, V., Jurka, J., Salamov, A., Shapiro, H., Schmutz, J., Grimwood, J., Lindquist, E., Lucas, S., Grigoriev, I.V., Schmitt, R., Kirk, D., Rokhsar, D.S.: Genomic analysis of organismal complexity in the multicellular green alga Volvox carteri. Science. 329, 223–226 (2010)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, N.H., Wong, H.Y.: Handbook of Financial Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Guerraggio, A.: Vito Volterra. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Botti, V., Garrido, A., Giret, A., Noriega, P.: The Role of MAS as a Decision Support Tool in a Water-Rights Market. In: Dechesne, F., Hattori, H., Mors, A.T., Such, J.M., Weyns, D., and Dignum, F. (eds.) Advanced Agent Technology: AAMAS 2011 Workshops, AMPLE, AOSE, ARMS, DOCM3AS, ITMAS, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2-6, 2011. Revised Selected Papers. pp. 35–49. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Fuzzy Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Bizarre Asteroid Has “Negative Gravity,”“negative-gravity”/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Vulnerabilities in the Stafford Student Loan Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cummings, A.E.: Brain and behavior in children with phonological delays: Phonological, lexical, and sensory system interactions, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alvarez, L.: Pandemonium Followed Rumor of Second Airport Attacker, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Fuzzy Systems
AbbreviationInt. J. Fuzzy Syst.
ISSN (print)1562-2479
ISSN (online)2199-3211
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles