How to format your references using the International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stevens, C. F. (2001). An evolutionary scaling law for the primate visual system and its basis in cortical function. Nature, 411(6834), 193–195.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benartzi, S., & Thaler, R. H. (2013). Economics. Behavioral economics and the retirement savings crisis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6124), 1152–1153.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sessa, P., Meconi, F., & Han, S. (2014). Double dissociation of neural responses supporting perceptual and cognitive components of social cognition: evidence from processing of others’ pain. Scientific Reports, 4, 7424.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reznik, D., Pintschovius, L., Ito, M., Iikubo, S., Sato, M., Goka, H., Fujita, M., Yamada, K., Gu, G. D., & Tranquada, J. M. (2006). Electron-phonon coupling reflecting dynamic charge inhomogeneity in copper oxide superconductors. Nature, 440(7088), 1170–1173.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickenson, J., Freeman, F., Mills, C. L., Sivasubramaniam, S., & Thode, C. (2012). Molecular Pharmacology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sillitti, A., Hazzan, O., Bache, E., & Albaladejo, X. (Eds.). (2011). Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 12th International Conference, XP 2011, Madrid, Spain, May 10-13, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 77). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheung, J. (2008). The Arts-in-Education Programme. In L. Joubert (Ed.), Educating in the Arts: The Asian Experience: Twenty-Four Essays (pp. 65–81). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, November 21). What Color Are These Shoes? New Argument Engulfs The Internet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Rural Children: Increasing Poverty Rates Pose Educational Challenges (HEHS-94-75BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanford, V. (2016). Finding theatre from within: Augusto Boal’s Games for Non-Actors in an Introduction to Acting class [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, April 25). After Waco’s Inferno, an Inquisition That Insists on Rational Answers. New York Times, 43.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stevens, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Benartzi & Thaler, 2013; Stevens, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benartzi & Thaler, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Sessa et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Reznik et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education
ISSN (print)1754-3266
ISSN (online)1754-3274
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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