How to format your references using the International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keenan, T. F. (2015). Phenology: Spring greening in a warming world. Nature, 526(7571), 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kwon, H.-B., & Sabatini, B. L. (2011). Glutamate induces de novo growth of functional spines in developing cortex. Nature, 474(7349), 100–104.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rebbeck, C. A., Leroi, A. M., & Burt, A. (2011). Mitochondrial capture by a transmissible cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6015), 303.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Milner, J. J., Toma, C., Yu, B., Zhang, K., Omilusik, K., Phan, A. T., … Goldrath, A. W. (2017). Runx3 programs CD8+ T cell residency in non-lymphoid tissues and tumours. Nature, 552(7684), 253–257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay, J., & Tasman, A. (2006). Essentials of Psychiatry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hruschka, E. R., Watada, J., & Carmo Nicoletti, M. do (Eds.). (2011). Integrated Computing Technology: First International Conference, INTECH 2011, Sao Carlos, Brazil, May 31 – June 2, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 165). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anchimbe, E. A. (2014). Global Identities or Local Stigma Markers: How Equal Is the ‘E’ in Englishes in Cameroon? In A. Mahboob & L. Barratt (Eds.), Englishes in Multilingual Contexts: Language Variation and Education (pp. 47–62). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 18). Newly Emerged Island Could Be A “Natural Lab” To Study Evolution. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). FAA Work Forces: Important Decisions Affecting Staff Use and Management (No. T-RCED-93-59). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, N. A. (2010). Mothers’ description of raising two children with an autism spectrum disorder: A case study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, I. by S. (2013, November 1). ‘I Really Put Myself Out There.’ New York Times, p. MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGillicuddy, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Strom, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kwon & Sabatini, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Rebbeck, Leroi, & Burt, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gough et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education
ISSN (print)1754-3266
ISSN (online)1754-3274
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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