How to format your references using the International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harden, N. (2005). Cell biology. Of grainy heads and broken skins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5720), 364–365.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaillardet, J., & Galy, A. (2008). Atmospheric science. Himalaya--carbon sink or source? Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5884), 1727–1728.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, J. Y., Liu, G., & Sun, J. (2013). Crystallization-aided extraordinary plastic deformation in nanolayered crystalline Cu/amorphous Cu-Zr micropillars. Scientific Reports, 3, 2324.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
García, R. A., Turck-Chièze, S., Jiménez-Reyes, S. J., Ballot, J., Pallé, P. L., Eff-Darwich, A., … Provost, J. (2007). Tracking solar gravity modes: the dynamics of the solar core. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5831), 1591–1593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE technical manual. (1998). Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bee, M. A., & Miller, C. T. (Eds.). (2016). Psychological Mechanisms in Animal Communication (Vol. 5). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Schogt, P. (2013). The Wild Number Problem: Math or Fiction? In M. Emmer (Ed.), Imagine Math 2: Between Culture and Mathematics (pp. 31–38). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, August 20). Cassini Made One Final Flyby of Saturn’s Moon Dione. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Public Transportation: Requirements for Smaller Capital Projects Generally Seen as Less Burdensome (No. GAO-11-778). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turner, L. B. (2012). Diet, physical activity and breast cancer risk: An integrative science cross-populational approach (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, July 6). In the Pool, Autism Is No Barrier to Winning. New York Times, p. C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harden, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gaillardet & Galy, 2008; Harden, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaillardet & Galy, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Liu, & Sun, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (García et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education
ISSN (print)1754-3266
ISSN (online)1754-3274
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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