How to format your references using the International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2008). Catalonian powerhouse. Nature, 454(7201), 248–249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lecuit, T., & Le Goff, L. (2007). Orchestrating size and shape during morphogenesis. Nature, 450(7167), 189–192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhagat, D., Samanta, S. K., & Bhattacharya, S. (2013). Efficient management of fruit pests by pheromone nanogels. Scientific Reports, 3, 1294.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lissy, N. A., Davis, P. K., Irwin, M., Kaelin, W. G., & Dowdy, S. F. (2000). A common E2F-1 and p73 pathway mediates cell death induced by TCR activation. Nature, 407(6804), 642–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toy, M. (2012). Networks and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cameron, D. (2016). Gender, Power and Political Speech: Women and Language in the 2015 UK General Election (S. Shaw, Ed.). Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Alepis, E., & Virvou, M. (2014). Extending Mobile Personalization to Students with Special Needs. In M. Virvou (Ed.), Object-Oriented User Interfaces for Personalized Mobile Learning (pp. 47–64). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, July 1). Scientists Discover 20 Shark Pups In The First Tiger Shark Sonogram Ever. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). U.S. Trade and Development Agency: Limitations Exist in Its Ability to Help Generate U.S. Exports (GGD-94-9). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romer, C. (2017). WhatsUpDoc: A Patient Portal Technology [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, June 3). High Talent At Low Prices. New York Times, E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lecuit & Le Goff, 2007; Schiermeier, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lecuit & Le Goff, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Bhagat et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lissy et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education
ISSN (print)1754-3266
ISSN (online)1754-3274
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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