How to format your references using the Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson, G. (2015). Science 348, 640–641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richter, J. D. & Sonenberg, N. (2005). Nature 433, 477–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ravi, M., Marimuthu, M. P. A. & Siddiqi, I. (2008). Nature 451, 1121–1124.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Filippakopoulos, P., Qi, J., Picaud, S., Shen, Y., Smith, W. B., Fedorov, O., Morse, E. M., Keates, T., Hickman, T. T., Felletar, I., Philpott, M., Munro, S., McKeown, M. R., Wang, Y., Christie, A. L., West, N., Cameron, M. J., Schwartz, B., Heightman, T. D., La Thangue, N., French, C. A., Wiest, O., Kung, A. L., Knapp, S. & Bradner, J. E. (2010). Nature 468, 1067–1073.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2014). Guidelines for Determining the Probability of Ignition of a Released Flammable Mass Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Consani, C. & Marcolli, M. (2006). Noncommutative Geometry and Number Theory: Where Arithmetic meets Geometry and Physics Wiesbaden: Vieweg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, S., Han, J., Lv, J., Jiang, X., Hu, X., Zhang, S., Lynch, M. E., Coles, C., Guo, L., Hu, X. & Liu, T. (2016). Vol. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2016: 19th International Conference, Athens, Greece, October 17-21, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, edited by S. Ourselin, L. Joskowicz, M. R. Sabuncu, G. Unal & W. Wells. pp. 28–36. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Information Technology: OMB Leadership Critical to Making Needed Enterprise Architecture and E-government Progress Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendoza-Williams, J. (2015). Road to success: The experiences of academically successful graduation-bound African American males. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, N. D. (2011). New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gibson, 2015; Richter & Sonenberg, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richter & Sonenberg, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Filippakopoulos et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
ISSN (online)1744-3091

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