How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. Membrane Proteins: Channel Voyager Makes Waves. Nature 2003, 426, 755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schubert, E.F.; Kim, J.K. Solid-State Light Sources Getting Smart. Science 2005, 308, 1274–1278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bush, M.B.; Silman, M.R.; Urrego, D.H. 48,000 Years of Climate and Forest Change in a Biodiversity Hot Spot. Science 2004, 303, 827–829.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Polishchuk, I.; Bracha, A.A.; Bloch, L.; Levy, D.; Kozachkevich, S.; Etinger-Geller, Y.; Kauffmann, Y.; Burghammer, M.; Giacobbe, C.; Villanova, J.; et al. Coherently Aligned Nanoparticles within a Biogenic Single Crystal: A Biological Prestressing Strategy. Science 2017, 358, 1294–1298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haas, T.C. Improving Natural Resource Management; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011; ISBN 9780470979334.
An edited book
Zadrozny, P. Big Data Analytics Using Splunk; Kodali, R., Ed.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2013; ISBN 9781430257615.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaillourdet, J.-M.; Michel, P.; Poetzsch-Heffter, A.; Rauch, N. A Generic Functional Representation of Sorted Trees Supporting Attribution. In Programming Logics: Essays in Memory of Harald Ganzinger; Voronkov, A., Weidenbach, C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 72–89 ISBN 9783642376504.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Why Do Some Cancers Suddenly Disappear? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Needs To Prepare for Near-Term Data Gaps [Reissued on January 16, 2015]; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Navolio, L.M. The Process of Individuation as Embodied in Symbols, Images, and Alchemical Motifs: A Psychological Study Based on Twelve Paintings by Remedios Varo. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA, 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. A Year of New Heights For the Dow, Led by Boeing. New York Times 2017, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
ISSN (online)1660-4601
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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