How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bucksbaum, P.H. The future of attosecond spectroscopy. Science 2007, 317, 766–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGuire, J.A.; Shen, Y.R. Ultrafast vibrational dynamics at water interfaces. Science 2006, 313, 1945–1948.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altewischer, E.; van Exter, M.P.; Woerdman, J.P. Plasmon-assisted transmission of entangled photons. Nature 2002, 418, 304–306.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, B.; Roegiers, F.; Jan, L.Y.; Jan, Y.N. Adherens junctions inhibit asymmetric division in the Drosophila epithelium. Nature 2001, 409, 522–525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziegler, M. Geotechnische Nachweise nach EC 7 und DIN 1054; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2012; ISBN 9783433601228.
An edited book
Engineering Societies in the Agents World V: 5th International Workshop, ESAW 2004, Toulouse, France, October 20-22, 2004. Revised Selected and Invited Papers; Gleizes, M.-P., Omicini, A., Zambonelli, F., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; Vol. 3451; ISBN 9783540273301.
A chapter in an edited book
Frétigny, C. Atomic Force Microscopy. In Nanoscience: Nanotechnologies and Nanophysics; Dupas, C., Houdy, P., Lahmani, M., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp. 91–119 ISBN 9783540286165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

Blog post
Hale, T. Cats Might Not Be Total Jerks After All, According To Study (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Highlights of a Forum: Financial Literacy: Strengthening Partnerships in Challenging Times; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzales, D.S. Identifying factors and quantifying their impact on transportation costs of pre-processes biomass. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University: Mississippi State, MS, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chang, S. Parents Held In Murder Of Girl, 4, Long Missing. New York Times 2006, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
ISSN (online)1660-4601
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles