How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Batty, M. Sociology. A theory of city size. Science 2013, 340, 1418–1419.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Scharlemann, J.P.W.; Laurance, W.F. Environmental science. How green are biofuels? Science 2008, 319, 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Philips, J.A.; Rubin, E.J.; Perrimon, N. Drosophila RNAi screen reveals CD36 family member required for mycobacterial infection. Science 2005, 309, 1251–1253.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
McKinsey, T.A.; Zhang, C.L.; Lu, J.; Olson, E.N. Signal-dependent nuclear export of a histone deacetylase regulates muscle differentiation. Nature 2000, 408, 106–111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Natsuno, T. i-Mode Strategy; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005; ISBN 9780470858042.
An edited book
1.
Maricau, E. Analog IC Reliability in Nanometer CMOS; Gielen, G., Ed.; Analog Circuits and Signal Processing; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; ISBN 9781461461623.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Silva, C.; Maglinte, D. The Role of CTE/Barium Enteroclysis in Crohn’s Disease. In Crohn’s Disease: Current Concepts; Rajesh, A., Sinha, R., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 47–64 ISBN 9783319019123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. Trees Make Ants Chemically Dependent, Turn Them Into Indentured Servants Available online: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/trees-make-ants-chemically-dependent-turn-them-indentured-servants/ (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office [Comments on Responsibility for Peacetime Administration of Ready Reserve Fleet]; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Beaven, L. Epiphanies of soul: “When the bolts of the universe fly open.” A depth psychological contemplation of wonder. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey, G. From the Men, A Few Highlights After the Deluge. New York Times 2011, SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
ISSN (online)1660-4601
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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