How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sette, A. Tools of the trade in vaccine design. Science 2000, 290, 2074b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kang, T.M.; Hilgemann, D.W. Multiple transport modes of the cardiac Na+/Ca2+ exchanger. Nature 2004, 427, 544–548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levayer, R.; Hauert, B.; Moreno, E. Cell mixing induced by myc is required for competitive tissue invasion and destruction. Nature 2015, 524, 476–480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Billy, J.; Josse, V.; Zuo, Z.; Bernard, A.; Hambrecht, B.; Lugan, P.; Clément, D.; Sanchez-Palencia, L.; Bouyer, P.; Aspect, A. Direct observation of Anderson localization of matter waves in a controlled disorder. Nature 2008, 453, 891–894.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, C. Engineers’ Data Book; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781119967958.
An edited book
Emerging Technologies for Diagnosing Alzheimer’s Disease: Innovating with Care; Boenink, M., van Lente, H., Moors, E., Eds.; Health, Technology and Society; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; ISBN 9781137540966.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaur, H.; Kahlon, K.S.; Virk, R.S. Migration of Agents in Artificial Agent Societies: Framework and State-of-the-Art. In Computational Intelligence in Data Mining - Volume 3: Proceedings of the International Conference on CIDM, 20-21 December 2014; Jain, L.C., Behera, H.S., Mandal, J.K., Mohapatra, D.P., Eds.; Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; Springer India: New Delhi, 2015; pp. 37–51 ISBN 9788132222019.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

Blog post
Luntz, S. New Study Suggests We’re Approaching The “Big Crunch” Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Consumer Health Informatics: Emerging Issues; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diggs, B.J. African American Online Doctor of Management Students’ Perceptions of Dissertation Writing and Support: Narrative Inquiry. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O. Friday File. New York Times 2015, C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
ISSN (online)1660-4601
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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