How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlamminger, S. Fundamental Constants: A Cool Way to Measure Big G. Nature 2014, 510, 478–480.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brody, H.; Miko, I. Lenses on Biology. Nature 2012, 483, S1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bertotti, B.; Iess, L.; Tortora, P. A Test of General Relativity Using Radio Links with the Cassini Spacecraft. Nature 2003, 425, 374–376.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Essner, J.J.; Vogan, K.J.; Wagner, M.K.; Tabin, C.J.; Yost, H.J.; Brueckner, M. Conserved Function for Embryonic Nodal Cilia. Nature 2002, 418, 37–38.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies, D. Philosophy of the Performing Arts; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781444343458.
An edited book
Networked Sensing Information and Control; Saligrama, V., Ed.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2008; ISBN 9780387688435.
A chapter in an edited book
Carey, F.A.; Sundberg, R.J. Nucleophilic Substitution. In Advanced Organic Chemistry: Part A: Structure and Mechanisms; Sundberg, R.J., Ed.; Advanced Organic Chemistry; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2007; pp. 389–472 ISBN 9780387448978.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew, D. The Lessons We Need To Learn To Deal With The ‘Creeping Disaster’ Of Drought Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Auto Safety: Status of NHTSA’s Redesign of Its Crashworthiness Data System; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, H.T. The Ugly Duckling: Juvenile Delinquents in Non-Delinquent Networks. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. A Law School Graduates From Junior High. New York Times 2007, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
ISSN (online)1660-4601
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles