How to format your references using the International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
C. Kazilek, SPORE series winner. Got a question? “Ask A Biologist,” Science. 330 (2010) 1192–1193.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
C.L. Lewis, M.A. Coffroth, The acquisition of exogenous algal symbionts by an octocoral after bleaching, Science. 304 (2004) 1490–1492.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
N. Gershenfeld, S. Samouhos, B. Nordman, Engineering. Intelligent infrastructure for energy efficiency, Science. 327 (2010) 1086–1088.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
S.C. Zimmerman, M.S. Wendland, N.A. Rakow, I. Zharov, K.S. Suslick, Synthetic hosts by monomolecular imprinting inside dendrimers, Nature. 418 (2002) 399–403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
J.C. Paterson, Lean Auditing, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
[1]
R. Glück, T. Yokoyama, eds., Reversible Computation: 4th International Workshop, RC 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 2-3, 2012. Revised Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
M. Katori, M. Majima, Renal (Tissue) Kallikrein-Kinin System in the Kidney and Novel Potential Drugs for Salt-Sensitive Hypertension, in: J.N. Sharma (Ed.), Recent Developments in the Regulation of Kinins, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 59–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction.

Blog post
[1]
T. Hale, 40,000-Year-Old Raven Bone Carving Suggests Neanderthals Were Artists, IFLScience. (2017). https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/40000yearold-raven-bone-carving-suggests-neanderthals-were-artists/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, School Meal Programs: Revenue and Expense Information from Selected States, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
S. Wang, Experimental Investigations of the Critical Flowback Velocity for Various Types of Proppant in Hydraulic-Fracturing Fluids with Different Viscosities, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M.W. Walsh, Life on the Precipice in Puerto Rico, New York Times. (2016) BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
AbbreviationInt. J. Disaster Risk Reduct.
ISSN (print)2212-4209
ScopeGeology
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Safety Research

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