How to format your references using the International Journal of Dental Science and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Dental Science and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van der Hilst RD. Geophysics. Changing views on Earth’s deep mantle. Science. 2004;306(5697):817-818.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang Z, Wang J. Long-range hybrid wedge plasmonic waveguide. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6870.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato TK, Overduin M, Emr SD. Location, location, location: membrane targeting directed by PX domains. Science. 2001;294(5548):1881-1885.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sukhatme K, Mukharsky Y, Chui T, Pearson D. Observation of the ideal Josephson effect in superfluid 4He. Nature. 2001;411(6835):280-283.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makishima A. Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS). Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
Dustdar S, Leymann F, Villari M, eds. Service Oriented and Cloud Computing: 4th European Conference, ESOCC 2015, Taormina, Italy, September 15-17, 2015, Proceedings. Vol 9306. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Rousseaux G. The Basics of Water Waves Theory for Analogue Gravity. In: Faccio D, Belgiorno F, Cacciatori S, Gorini V, Liberati S, Moschella U, eds. Analogue Gravity Phenomenology: Analogue Spacetimes and Horizons, from Theory to Experiment. Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer International Publishing; 2013:81-107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Dental Science and Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. Why Do Bluebirds Have A Better Home Turf Defence? IFLScience. Published June 22, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. USDA Telecommunications: More Effort Needed to Address Telephone Abuse and Fraud. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary M. Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M. Chelsea Bomb Suspect Prevented Another Explosion, His Lawyer Claims. New York Times. October 13, 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Dental Science and Research
ISSN (print)2213-9974

Other styles