How to format your references using the International Journal of Dental Science and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Dental Science and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kacprzak GG. Astronomy. The pristine universe. Science. 2011;334(6060):1216-1217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beckmann R, Herrmann JM. Structural biology. Mitoribosome oddities. Science. 2015;348(6232):288-289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi A, Kim B, Matsuoka S. The mitochondrial Na+-Ca2+ exchanger, NCLX, regulates automaticity of HL-1 cardiomyocytes. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2766.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brady SM, Orlando DA, Lee J-Y, et al. A high-resolution root spatiotemporal map reveals dominant expression patterns. Science. 2007;318(5851):801-806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire P, Hampton D. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Partida A. IT Security Management: IT Securiteers - Setting up an IT Security Function. Vol 61. (Andina D, ed.). Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Mundbrod N, Kolb J, Reichert M. Towards a System Support of Collaborative Knowledge Work. In: Rosa ML, Soffer P, eds. Business Process Management Workshops: BPM 2012 International Workshops, Tallinn, Estonia, September 3, 2012. Revised Papers. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer; 2013:31-42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Dental Science and Research.

Blog post
Fang J. T. Rex Teeth Had A Secret Weapon, And Just One Animal Alive Today Has It Too. IFLScience. Published July 29, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transatlantic Aviation: Effects of Easing Restrictions on U.S.-European Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gobas M. Affiliate users policy: Solution to multiple ball field users in the city of Artesia. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS, Apuzzo M. Trump Lawyer Spreads Email With Secessionist Rhetoric. New York Times. August 16, 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Dental Science and Research
ISSN (print)2213-9974

Other styles