How to format your references using the International Journal of Dental Science and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Dental Science and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K. Breaking with tradition. Nature. 2007;446(7132):226-228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doyle J, Csete M. Rules of engagement. Nature. 2007;446(7138):860.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin T-W, Dai C-S, Hung K-C. High energy density asymmetric supercapacitor based on NiOOH/Ni3S2/3D graphene and Fe3O4/graphene composite electrodes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7274.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schreyvogel C, Wolfer M, Kato H, Schreck M, Nebel CE. Tuned NV emission by in-plane Al-Schottky junctions on hydrogen terminated diamond. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz W. Do Species Exist? Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Hassanien A-E, Abawajy JH, Abraham A, Hagras H, eds. Pervasive Computing: Innovations in Intelligent Multimedia and Applications. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Brennan MF, Antonescu CR, Alektiar KM, Maki RG. Liposarcoma. In: Antonescu CR, Alektiar KM, Maki RG, eds. Management of Soft Tissue Sarcoma. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:105-124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Dental Science and Research.

Blog post
Fang J. New Map Shows That Asteroids Hit Earth Far More Often Than We Thought. IFLScience. Published November 18, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Congressional Relations Activities, 1950-1983: Smith Blair, Charles E. Eckert, Martin J. Fitzgerald, and L. Fred Thompson. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witt SR. A Study of the Relationship of Online Course Factors and Passing or Failing an Online Course. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B. Photographer of the Skateboarding Set. New York Times. July 6, 2017:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Dental Science and Research
ISSN (print)2213-9974

Other styles