How to format your references using the International Journal of Data Science and Analytics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Data Science and Analytics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gnecco, E.: Nanotechnology: A gentle jackhammer. Nature. 461, 178–179 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelley, L.A., Endler, J.A.: Illusions promote mating success in great bowerbirds. Science. 335, 335–338 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Labrosse, S., Hernlund, J.W., Coltice, N.: A crystallizing dense magma ocean at the base of the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 450, 866–869 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zu, F., Liu, Z., Yao, K., Gao, G., Fu, H., Zhu, S., Ni, Y., Peng, L.: Nearly perfect spin filter, spin valve and negative differential resistance effects in a Fe4-based single-molecule junction. Sci. Rep. 4, 4838 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sigee, D.C.: Freshwater Microbiology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Cheyne, C., Worrall, J. eds: Rationality and Reality: Conversations with Alan Musgrave. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Berndt, J.O., Herzog, O.: Distributed Learning of Best Response Behaviors in Concurrent Iterated Many-Object Negotiations. In: Timm, I.J. and Guttmann, C. (eds.) Multiagent System Technologies: 10th German Conference, MATES 2012, Trier, Germany, October 10-12, 2012. Proceedings. pp. 15–29. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Data Science and Analytics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: New Technology Allows Water Purification Using Sunlight,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Indian Affairs: Further Actions on GAO Recommendations Needed to Address Systemic Management Challenges with Indian Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2015)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson, A.F.: Anxiety in the process of individuation. An in-depth psychological study, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Semifinals Remain an Inner Sanctum Until Further Notice, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Data Science and Analytics
AbbreviationInt. J. Data Sci. Anal.
ISSN (print)2364-415X
ISSN (online)2364-4168

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