How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Berner RA. The long-term carbon cycle, fossil fuels and atmospheric composition. Nature 426: 323–326, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nimmo F, Pappalardo RT. Diapir-induced reorientation of Saturn’s moon Enceladus. Nature 441: 614–616, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Whitmire E, Khan B, Coué M. Cdc6 synthesis regulates replication competence in Xenopus oocytes. Nature 419: 722–725, 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Schlünzen F, Zarivach R, Harms J, Bashan A, Tocilj A, Albrecht R, Yonath A, Franceschi F. Structural basis for the interaction of antibiotics with the peptidyl transferase centre in eubacteria. Nature 413: 814–821, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Institute of Management and Administration (IOMA). Cost Reduction and Control Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
1.
Elleithy K, Sobh T, editors. New Trends in Networking, Computing, E-learning, Systems Sciences, and Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ellis GFR. Top-Down Causation and the Human Brain. In: Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will, edited by Murphy N, Ellis GFR, O’Connor T. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, p. 63–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Scientists May Have Discovered The Neural Source Of Consciousness [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-may-have-discovered-neural-source-consciousness/ [30 Oct. 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Progress Continues to Be Made in Establishing Corporate Management Controls, but Further Steps Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vas LT. Orbis pictus: Intermedialität zwischen Berliner Stadtmalerei und literarischer Stadterfahrung dargestellt anhand der Werke von E.T.A. Hoffmann und Wilhelm Raabe. University of Cincinnati: 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kwai I. Protests Over Punishment For Killing Aboriginal Teen. New York Times: A6, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol.
ISSN (print)1931-857X
ISSN (online)1522-1466
ScopePhysiology

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