How to format your references using the International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkel, Alan. 2014. “Perspective: Powering up Citations.” Nature 511 (7510): S77.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bang, Anne G., and Melissa K. Carpenter. 2008. “Development. Deconstructing Pluripotency.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5872): 58–59.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spencer, John P., Evelina Dineva, and Linda B. Smith. 2009. “Comment on ‘Infants’’ Perseverative Search Errors Are Induced by Pragmatic Misinterpretation".’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5948): 1624; author reply 1624.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Volfson, Dmitri, Jennifer Marciniak, William J. Blake, Natalie Ostroff, Lev S. Tsimring, and Jeff Hasty. 2006. “Origins of Extrinsic Variability in Eukaryotic Gene Expression.” Nature 439 (7078): 861–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leis, John W. 2011. Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vita, Antonio, ed. 2013. La Riabilitazione Cognitiva Della Schizofrenia: Principi, Metodi e Prove Di Efficacia. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Garus, Jerzy, and Adam Polak. 2015. “Simulation Model of PEM Fuel Cell Operating at Hydrogen and Oxygen.” In Mechatronics - Ideas for Industrial Application, edited by Jan Awrejcewicz, Roman Szewczyk, Maciej Trojnacki, and Małgorzata Kaliczyńska, 31–39. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Meet Gnathostoma: The Worm Who Infects Swamp Eels… And Humans.” IFLScience. IFLScience.…-and-humans/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Examination Into Possible Irregularities in the Use of Federal Funds in the Administration of the Chemawa Indian School in Marion County, Oregon]. B-114868. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Capobianco, Vincent J. 2017. “Effect of Slot Height Variation on the Aerodynamic Performance of a Circulation Control Airfoil: A CFD Analysis.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liptak, Adam. 2017. “Justices Reject 2 Districts In North Carolina, Citing Packing of Black Voters.” New York Times, May 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkel 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Finkel 2014; Bang and Carpenter 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bang and Carpenter 2008)
  • Three authors: (Spencer, Dineva, and Smith 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Volfson et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationInt. J. Comut. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)1061-8562
ISSN (online)1029-0257
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Aerospace Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles