How to format your references using the International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donald, Athene. 2012. “Throw off the Cloak of Invisibility.” Nature 490 (7421): 447.
A journal article with 2 authors
Livio, Mario, and Martin J. Rees. 2005. “Cosmology. Anthropic Reasoning.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5737): 1022–1023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwasawa, Tetsuo, Richard J. Hooley, and Julius Rebek Jr. 2007. “Stabilization of Labile Carbonyl Addition Intermediates by a Synthetic Receptor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5837): 493–496.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lister, A. M., C. J. Edwards, D. A. W. Nock, M. Bunce, I. A. van Pijlen, D. G. Bradley, M. G. Thomas, and I. Barnes. 2005. “The Phylogenetic Position of the ‘giant Deer’ Megaloceros Giganteus.” Nature 438 (7069): 850–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Talbot, Daniel B. 2012. Frequency Acquisition Techniques for Phase Locked Loops. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chouchane, Mnaouar, Tahar Fakhfakh, Hachmi Ben Daly, Nizar Aifaoui, and Fakher Chaari, eds. 2015. Design and Modeling of Mechanical Systems - II: Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Design and Modeling of Mechanical Systems, CMSM’2015, March 23-25, Hammamet, Tunisia. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiu, Danwei, Yue Hu, and Lifang Wang. 2011. “The Application of Option Pricing Theory in Participating Life Insurance Pricing Based On Vasicek Model.” In Quantitative Financial Risk Management, edited by Dash Wu, 39–46. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Researchers Solve the Centuries-Old Mystery of Darwin’s ‘Strangest Animals.’” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Analysis of “Florida’s Fair Share.” HEHS-96-168R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richard, Kymberly. 2017. “College Programs in Women’s Prisons: Faculty Perceptions of Teaching Higher Education Behind Bars.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ratliff, Ben. 2016. “Imagine Beckett as a Cranky Songwriter.” New York Times, August 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donald 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Donald 2012; Livio and Rees 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Livio and Rees 2005)
  • Three authors: (Iwasawa, Hooley, and Rebek 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lister et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationInt. J. Comut. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)1061-8562
ISSN (online)1029-0257
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Aerospace Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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