How to format your references using the International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sawyer, R. J. 2000. “The Abdication of Pope Mary III...or Galileo’s Revenge.” Nature 406 (6791): 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knobel, Robert G., and Andrew N. Cleland. 2003. “Nanometre-Scale Displacement Sensing Using a Single Electron Transistor.” Nature 424 (6946): 291–293.
A journal article with 3 authors
Djuranovic, Sergej, Ali Nahvi, and Rachel Green. 2011. “A Parsimonious Model for Gene Regulation by MiRNAs.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6017): 550–553.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Honma, Sato, Takeshi Kawamoto, Yumiko Takagi, Katsumi Fujimoto, Fuyuki Sato, Mitsuhide Noshiro, Yukio Kato, and Ken-Ichi Honma. 2002. “Dec1 and Dec2 Are Regulators of the Mammalian Molecular Clock.” Nature 419 (6909): 841–844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, Weifeng, and Michael Pecht. 2005. IC Component Sockets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bugdol, Marek. 2015. Integrated Management Systems. Edited by Piotr Jedynak. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Assi, Abdallah, and Pedro A. García-Sánchez. 2016. “Minimal Presentations.” In Numerical Semigroups and Applications, edited by Pedro A. García-Sánchez, 69–83. RSME Springer Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Bomb Sniffing Dogs Detect Prostate Cancer With More Than 95% Accuracy.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Amtrak: Better Reporting, Planning, and Improved Financial Information Could Enhance Decision Making. GAO-16-67. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClurg, Arlene Davidson. 2013. “A Phenomenological Study of Baby Boomer Retirement— Expectations, Results, and Implications.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ellsberg, Sophia S. 1967. “Letters; THE ROAD AHEAD.” New York Times, August 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sawyer 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Sawyer 2000; Knobel and Cleland 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knobel and Cleland 2003)
  • Three authors: (Djuranovic, Nahvi, and Green 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Honma et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationInt. J. Comut. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)1061-8562
ISSN (online)1029-0257
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Aerospace Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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