How to format your references using the International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berendsen, H. J. 2001. “Bioinformatics. Reality Simulation--Observe While It Happens.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5550): 2304–2305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dubcovsky, Jorge, and Jan Dvorak. 2007. “Genome Plasticity a Key Factor in the Success of Polyploid Wheat under Domestication.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5833): 1862–1866.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parry, Martin, Jason Lowe, and Clair Hanson. 2009. “Overshoot, Adapt and Recover.” Nature 458 (7242): 1102–1103.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Becker, L., R. J. Poreda, A. G. Hunt, T. E. Bunch, and M. Rampino. 2001. “Impact Event at the Permian-Triassic Boundary: Evidence from Extraterrestrial Noble Gases in Fullerenes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5508): 1530–1533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soprano, Aldo. 2015. Liquidity Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hill, Patricia M., ed. 2006. Logic Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 15th International Symposium, LOPSTR 2005, London, UK, September 7-9, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 3901. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baz, Abdullah, Delong Shang, Fei Xia, Alex Yakovlev, and Alex Bystrov. 2011. “Improving the Robustness of Self-Timed SRAM to Variable Vdds.” In Integrated Circuit and System Design. Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization, and Simulation: 21st International Workshop, PATMOS 2011, Madrid, Spain, September 26-29, 2011. Proceedings, edited by José L. Ayala, Braulio García-Cámara, Manuel Prieto, Martino Ruggiero, and Gilles Sicard, 32–42. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “April Smashes Temperature Records, Putting 2016 On Track For Hottest Year.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. T-IMTEC-90-6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bujarbarua, Vikram. 2015. “Production Optimization Using an In-Situ Steam Generator in a Rejuvenated Heavy Oil Field.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, Ben. 2016. “YouTube Settles a Skirmish Over Songwriting Royalties.” New York Times, December 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berendsen 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Berendsen 2001; Dubcovsky and Dvorak 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dubcovsky and Dvorak 2007)
  • Three authors: (Parry, Lowe, and Hanson 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Becker et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationInt. J. Comut. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)1061-8562
ISSN (online)1029-0257
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Aerospace Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles