How to format your references using the International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingston, David M. 2009. “Cancer. Complicated Supercomplexes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5927): 602–603.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finke, Deborah L., and William E. Snyder. 2008. “Niche Partitioning Increases Resource Exploitation by Diverse Communities.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5895): 1488–1490.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuff, J., J. Wade, and B. J. Wood. 2013. “Volcanism on Mars Controlled by Early Oxidation of the Upper Mantle.” Nature 498 (7454): 342–345.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Angers, Stephane, Ti Li, Xianhua Yi, Michael J. MacCoss, Randall T. Moon, and Ning Zheng. 2006. “Molecular Architecture and Assembly of the DDB1-CUL4A Ubiquitin Ligase Machinery.” Nature 443 (7111): 590–593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf, Bo. 2006. The Semantic Web. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bissen-Miyajima, Hiroko, Douglas Donald Koch, and Mitchell Patrick Weikert, eds. 2014. Cataract Surgery: Maximizing Outcomes Through Research. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Pyun, Su-Il, Heon-Cheol Shin, Jong-Won Lee, and Joo-Young Go. 2012. “Hydrogen Trapping Inside Metals and Metal Oxides.” In Electrochemistry of Insertion Materials for Hydrogen and Lithium, edited by Heon-Cheol Shin, Jong-Won Lee, and Joo-Young Go, 105–121. Monographs in Electrochemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. “Cell’s ‘Self-Eating’ Mechanism Stops Cancer From Starting.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Nanomanufacturing and U.S. Competitiveness: Challenges and Opportunities. GAO-14-618T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chaves, Juan Scott. 2009. “Novel Approach for the Creation of Thin Films and Interconnects Using Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes Inkjet Technology and Bacteria.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Bernstein, Nina. 2016. “Bodies Given to N.Y.U. Sent to Mass Graves.” New York Times, May 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livingston 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Livingston 2009; Finke and Snyder 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finke and Snyder 2008)
  • Three authors: (Tuff, Wade, and Wood 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Angers et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationInt. J. Comut. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)1061-8562
ISSN (online)1029-0257
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Aerospace Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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