How to format your references using the International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aebischer, Patrick. 2012. “Philanthropy: The Price of Charity.” Nature 481 (7381): 260.
A journal article with 2 authors
Normile, Dennis, and Richard A. Kerr. 2011. “Breakthrough of the Year. A Disaster and a Warning--but of What?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6063): 1634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karakas, Erkan, Noriko Simorowski, and Hiro Furukawa. 2011. “Subunit Arrangement and Phenylethanolamine Binding in GluN1/GluN2B NMDA Receptors.” Nature 475 (7355): 249–253.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shook, Brett A., Renee R. Wasko, Guillermo C. Rivera-Gonzalez, Emilio Salazar-Gatzimas, Francesc López-Giráldez, Biraja C. Dash, Andrés R. Muñoz-Rojas, et al. 2018. “Myofibroblast Proliferation and Heterogeneity Are Supported by Macrophages during Skin Repair.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 362 (6417).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Altman, Matthew C. 2011. Kant and Applied Ethics. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Carey, Robert M., ed. 2007. Hypertension and Hormone Mechanisms. Contemporary Endocrinology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Harel, David, and Yishai Feldman. 2008. “Metodi Algoritmici.” In Algoritmi: Lo Spirito Dell’informatica, edited by Yishai Feldman, 99–119. Unitext. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “White Shark Populations Are Growing. Here’s Why That’s Good News.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. RCED-95-175FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tasoff, Alexander J. 2017. “Quantifying the Genetic Capacity of California Grunion (Leuresthes Tenuis) to Adapt to Ocean Acidification.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, Neil. 2017. “Closed Before It Opens.” New York Times, July 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aebischer 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Aebischer 2012; Normile and Kerr 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Normile and Kerr 2011)
  • Three authors: (Karakas, Simorowski, and Furukawa 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shook et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationInt. J. Comut. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)1061-8562
ISSN (online)1029-0257
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Aerospace Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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