How to format your references using the International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Wijn, Alfred G. 2012. “Astronomy. Measuring Solar Magnetism.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6106): 476–477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olivera, Baldomero M., and Russell W. Teichert. 2011. “Neuroscience: Chemical Ecology of Pain.” Nature 479 (7373): 306–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillingham, Mark S., Maria Spies, and Stephen C. Kowalczykowski. 2003. “RecBCD Enzyme Is a Bipolar DNA Helicase.” Nature 423 (6942): 893–897.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mayer, W., A. Niveleau, J. Walter, R. Fundele, and T. Haaf. 2000. “Demethylation of the Zygotic Paternal Genome.” Nature 403 (6769): 501–502.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coenen, Tracy. 2008. Essentials of Corporate Fraud. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Puglisi, Jose, and Manolia V. Margaris, eds. 2013. Biophysics and Structure to Counter Threats and Challenges. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hageman, Michael J. 2006. “Solubility, Solubilization and Dissolution in Drug Delivery During Lead Optimization.” In Optimizing the “Drug-Like” Properties of Leads in Drug Discovery, edited by Ronald T. Borchardt, Edward H. Kerns, Michael J. Hageman, Dhiren R. Thakker, and James L. Stevens, 99–130. Biotechnology: Pharmaceutical Aspects. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Is Schizophrenia A ‘Real’ Illness?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Federal Family Education Loan Information System: Weak Computer Controls Increase Risk of Unauthorized Access to Sensitive Data. AIMD-95-117. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lama, Norsang. 2017. “Optimized Veterinary Thermographic Image Classification Using Support Vector Machines and Noise Mitigation.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, John. 2017. “Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman.” New York Times, September 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Wijn 2012).
This sentence cites two references (de Wijn 2012; Olivera and Teichert 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olivera and Teichert 2011)
  • Three authors: (Dillingham, Spies, and Kowalczykowski 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mayer et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationInt. J. Comut. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)1061-8562
ISSN (online)1029-0257
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Aerospace Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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