How to format your references using the International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Okumura, Mitchio. 2015. “Atmospheric Chemistry. Just Add Water Dimers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 347 (6223): 718–719.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richter, Joel D., and Nahum Sonenberg. 2005. “Regulation of Cap-Dependent Translation by EIF4E Inhibitory Proteins.” Nature 433 (7025): 477–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galloway, Kate E., Elisa Franco, and Christina D. Smolke. 2013. “Dynamically Reshaping Signaling Networks to Program Cell Fate via Genetic Controllers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6152): 1235005.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee, Ming-Hsiang, Benjamin Siddoway, Gwendolyn E. Kaeser, Igor Segota, Richard Rivera, William J. Romanow, Christine S. Liu, et al. 2018. “Somatic APP Gene Recombination in Alzheimer’s Disease and Normal Neurons.” Nature, November.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Conrick, Charles, IV, and Scott Hanson. 2013. Vertical Option Spreads. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Woolf, Nancy J. 2010. Nanoneuroscience: Structural and Functional Roles of the Neuronal Cytoskeleton in Health and Disease. Edited by Avner Priel and Jack A. Tuszynski. Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pudenz, Kristen L. 2015. “Quantum Computing Meets the Real World.” In Unconventional Computation and Natural Computation: 14th International Conference, UCNC 2015, Auckland, New Zealand, August 30 -- September 3, 2015, Proceedings, edited by Cristian S. Calude and Michael J. Dinneen, 66–70. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “NASA Mission Brings Pluto Into Sharp Focus – but It’s Still Not a Planet.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Immigration Benefits System: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Can Improve Program Management. GAO-16-467. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, Alexander Scott. 2017. “Fatigue Behavior and Microstructure of Direct Laser Deposited Inconel 718 Alloy.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hauser, Christine. 2017. “Secret Service Agent Under Investigation.” New York Times, January 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Rokas 2006; Jacobs 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richter and Sonenberg 2005)
  • Three authors: (Galloway, Franco, and Smolke 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Drinkwater et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
AbbreviationInt. J. Comut. Fluid Dyn.
ISSN (print)1061-8562
ISSN (online)1029-0257
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Aerospace Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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