How to format your references using the International Journal of Coal Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Coal Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pogue, B.W., 2014. Technology: ultrafast imaging takes on a new design. Nature 516, 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reverter, D., Lima, C.D., 2005. Insights into E3 ligase activity revealed by a SUMO-RanGAP1-Ubc9-Nup358 complex. Nature 435, 687–692.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ciosk, R., DePalma, M., Priess, J.R., 2006. Translational regulators maintain totipotency in the Caenorhabditis elegans germline. Science 311, 851–853.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Banerjee, M., Banerjee, N., Bhattacharjee, P., Mondal, D., Lythgoe, P.R., Martínez, M., Pan, J., Polya, D.A., Giri, A.K., 2013. High arsenic in rice is associated with elevated genotoxic effects in humans. Sci. Rep. 3, 2195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, W.L., Marn, M.V., Zawada, C.C., 2010. The Price Advantage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Borrione, D. (Ed.), 2010. Advances in Design Methods from Modeling Languages for Embedded Systems and SoC’s: Selected Contributions on Specification, Design, and Verification from FDL 2009, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dong, X., Clark, J.A., Jacob, J.L., 2008. Threat Modelling in User Performed Authentication, in: Chen, L., Ryan, M.D., Wang, G. (Eds.), Information and Communications Security: 10th International Conference, ICICS 2008 Birmingham, UK, October 20 - 22, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Coal Geology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Mars One Torn To Shreds In MIT Debate [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Information Technology: SBA Needs to Strengthen Oversight of Its Loan Management and Accounting System Modernization (No. GAO-12-395T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nikolova, S., 2010. Health insurance transitions of SCHIP-eligible children in response to higher public premiums (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. ‘Lesser God’ Is Headed For a Broadway Revival. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pogue, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Pogue, 2014; Reverter and Lima, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reverter and Lima, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Banerjee et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Coal Geology
AbbreviationInt. J. Coal Geol.
ISSN (print)0166-5162
ScopeEconomic Geology
Geology
Stratigraphy
Fuel Technology

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