How to format your references using the International Journal of Coal Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Coal Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher, K., 2000. BIOMEDICINE: “Glue Grant” Boosts Cell Signaling Consortium. Science 289, 1854a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Righelato, R., Spracklen, D.V., 2007. Environment. Carbon mitigation by biofuels or by saving and restoring forests? Science 317, 902.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, J., Mei, Y., Hicks, D., 2014. Science communication. Comment on “Quantifying long-term scientific impact.” Science 345, 149.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wachter, S., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Dwarkadas, V.V., Kouveliotou, C., Granot, J., Patel, S.K., Figer, D., 2008. An infrared ring around the magnetar SGR 1900+14. Nature 453, 626–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sallaberry, C., 2013. Geographical Information Retrieval in Textual Corpora. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Bartroff, J., 2013. Sequential Experimentation in Clinical Trials: Design and Analysis, Springer Series in Statistics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Rauchecker, G., Yasasin, E., Schryen, G., 2014. A Decision Support System for IT Security Incident Management, in: Eckert, C., Katsikas, S.K., Pernul, G. (Eds.), Trust, Privacy, and Security in Digital Business: 11th International Conference, TrustBus 2014, Munich, Germany, September 2-3, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Coal Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Nanoparticles In Baby Formula: Should Parents Be Worried? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-95-33(3)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, E.C., 2012. Smart Packaging: A Novel Technique For Localized Drug Delivery For Ovarian Cancer (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Battered but Persevering, Mets Reach the Threshold of the Postseason. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisher, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Fisher, 2000; Righelato and Spracklen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Righelato and Spracklen, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wachter et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Coal Geology
AbbreviationInt. J. Coal Geol.
ISSN (print)0166-5162
ScopeEconomic Geology
Fuel Technology

Other styles