How to format your references using the International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.M. Ransohoff, Physiology. Good barriers make good neighbors, Science. 346 (2014) 36–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.A. Grzybowski, G.M. Whitesides, Dynamic aggregation of chiral spinners, Science. 296 (2002) 718–721.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.J. London, J. Kimmelman, M.E. Emborg, Research ethics. Beyond access vs. protection in trials of innovative therapies, Science. 328 (2010) 829–830.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.M. Cox, M.F. Goodman, K.N. Kreuzer, D.J. Sherratt, S.J. Sandler, K.J. Marians, The importance of repairing stalled replication forks, Nature. 404 (2000) 37–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.K. Hartmann, M. Weigt, Phase Transitions in Combinatorial Optimization Problems, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
Ú. Oswald Spring, ed., Water Resources in Mexico: Scarcity, Degradation, Stress, Conflicts, Management, and Policy, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Syed, P. Zavarsky, D. Lindskog, R. Ruhl, S. Aghili, Proposed Control Procedure to Mitigate the Risks of Strategic Information Outflow in the Recruitment Process, in: S. Fischer-Hübner, S. Katsikas, G. Quirchmayr (Eds.), Trust, Privacy and Security in Digital Business: 9th International Conference, TrustBus 2012, Vienna, Austria, September 3-7, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 50–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension.

Blog post
T. Hale, How You Can Help In The Fight Against Climate Change, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Supercomputers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Guarin, A Postpartum Support Group for Women Experiencing Postpartum Depression: A Grant Proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, Cardi B Knocks Swift Out of the No. 1 Spot, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Cardiology Hypertension
ISSN (print)2590-0862

Other styles