How to format your references using the International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.A. Landis, Avatars in space, Nature. 403 (2000) 833.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.A. del Giorgio, C.M. Duarte, Respiration in the open ocean, Nature. 420 (2002) 379–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.C. Wang, E.J. O’Rourke, G. Ruvkun, Fat metabolism links germline stem cells and longevity in C. elegans, Science. 322 (2008) 957–960.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.B. Decker, S.M. Krimigis, E.C. Roelof, M.E. Hill, T.P. Armstrong, G. Gloeckler, D.C. Hamilton, L.J. Lanzerotti, Mediation of the solar wind termination shock by non-thermal ions, Nature. 454 (2008) 67–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.L. Bayuk, J. Healey, P. Rohmeyer, M.H. Sachs, J. Schmidt, J. Weiss, Cyber Security Policy Guidebook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Z. Cai, Z. Li, Z. Kang, Y. Liu, eds., Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Systems: 4th International Symposium, ISICA 2009, Huangshi, China, October 23-25, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
A.D. Garg, P. Agostinis, Autophagy Induced by Photodynamic Therapy (PDT): Shaping Resistance Against Cell Death and Anti-Tumor Immunity, in: V. Rapozzi, G. Jori (Eds.), Resistance to Photodynamic Therapy in Cancer, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 99–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Chilean Government Announces Colossal New Marine Reserve, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information and Technology Management: Achieving Sustained and Focused Governmentwide Leadership, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.D. Evans, A Correlational Analysis of Teacher Observation Scores and Student Achievement, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Davey, M.W. Walsh, Detroit Reaches Deal With Creditor, as Others Object to Bankruptcy Plans, New York Times. (2014) A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Cardiology Hypertension
ISSN (print)2590-0862

Other styles