How to format your references using the International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.P. Schrag, Preparing to capture carbon, Science. 315 (2007) 812–813.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.A. Screen, I. Simmonds, The central role of diminishing sea ice in recent Arctic temperature amplification, Nature. 464 (2010) 1334–1337.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.O. Polat, O. Balcı, C. Kocabas, Graphene based flexible electrochromic devices, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6484.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Belkaid, C.A. Piccirillo, S. Mendez, E.M. Shevach, D.L. Sacks, CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells control Leishmania major persistence and immunity, Nature. 420 (2002) 502–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Lahdenmäki, M. Leach, Relational Database Index Design and the Optimizers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
B. Bonakdarpour, F. Petit, eds., Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 18th International Symposium, SSS 2016, Lyon, France, November 7-10, 2016, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S.M. Pizer, J.-Y. Jeong, R.E. Broadhurst, S. Ho, J. Stough, Deep Structure of Images in Populations Via Geometric Models in Populations, in: O. Fogh Olsen, L. Florack, A. Kuijper (Eds.), Deep Structure, Singularities, and Computer Vision: First International Workshop, DSSCV 2005, Maastricht, The Netherlands, June 9-10, 2005, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 49–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, The Speed Of Light May Not Be As Constant As We Thought It Was, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FAA Procurement: Major Data-Processing Project Is Now Ready to Proceed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
X. Li, Two essays on “mining market basket data: Models and applications in marketing,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Tough Architect of the Mets, New York Times. (2017) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Cardiology Hypertension
ISSN (print)2590-0862

Other styles